Romania

Statistics

Basic Indicators | Nutrition | Health | HIV/AIDS | Education | Demographic Indicators | Economic Indicators | Women | Child Protection | The Rate Of Progress | Adolescents | Disparities By Residence | Disparities By Household Wealth | Early Childhood Development

Basic Indicators

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Under-5 mortality rank

129

Under-5 mortality rate (U5MR), 1990

38

Under-5 mortality rate (U5MR), 2012

12

U5MR by sex 2012, male

14

U5MR by sex 2012, female

11

Infant mortality rate (under 1), 1990

31

Infant mortality rate (under 1), 2012

11

Neonatal mortality rate 2012

8

Total population (thousands) 2012

21754.7

Annual no. of births (thousands) 2012

224.1

Annual no. of under-5 deaths (thousands) 2012

3

GNI per capita (US$) 2012

8420

Life expectancy at birth (years) 2012

73.7

Total adult literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*

97.7

Primary school net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2011*

87.6

Definitions and data sources

Nutrition

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Low birthweight (%) 2008-2012*

8

Early initiation of breastfeeding (%), 2008-2012*

Exclusive breastfeeding <6 months (%), 2008-2012*

16

Introduction of solid, semi-solid or soft foods 6-8 months (%), 2008-2012*

41

Breastfeeding at age 2 (%), 2008-2012*

Underweight (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

4

Underweight (%) 2008-2012*, severe

0.8

Stunting (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

13

Wasting (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

4

Overweight (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

8.3

Vitamin A supplementation full coverage (%) 2012

Iodized salt consumption (%) 2008-2012*

74

Definitions and data sources

Health

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Use of improved drinking water sources (%) 2011, total

Use of improved drinking water sources (%) 2011, urban

98.5

Use of improved drinking water sources (%) 2011, rural

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2011, total

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2011, urban

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2011, rural

Routine EPI vaccines financed by government (%) 2012

100

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, BCG

99

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, DPT1

96

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, DPT3

89

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, polio3

92

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, MCV

94

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, HepB3

96

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, Hib3

92

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, Newborns protected against tetanus

Pneumonia (%) 2008-2012*, Care seeking for suspected pneumonia

Pneumonia (%) 2008-2012*, Antibiotic treatment for suspected pneumonia

Diarrhoea (%) 2008-2012*, Treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS)

Malaria (%) 2008-2012*, Antimalarial treatment among febrile children

Malaria (%) 2008-2012*, Children sleeping under ITNs

Malaria (%) 2008-2012*, Households with at least one ITN

Definitions and data sources

HIV/AIDS

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Adult HIV prevalence (%) 2012

People of all ages living with HIV (thousands) 2012, estimate

People of all ages living with HIV (thousands) 2012, low

14

People of all ages living with HIV (thousands) 2012, high

21

Women living with HIV (thousands) 2012

Children living with HIV (thousands) 2012

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), HIV prevalence among young people (%) 2012, total

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), HIV prevalence among young people (%) 2012, male

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), HIV prevalence among young people (%) 2012, female

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) 2008-2012*, male

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) 2008-2012*, female

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Condom use among young people with multiple partners (%) 2008-2012*, male

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Condom use among young people with multiple partners (%) 2008-2012*, female

Orphans, Children orphaned by AIDS (thousands) 2012

Orphans, Children orphaned due to all causes (thousands) 2012

Orphans, Orphan school attendance ratio (%), 2008-2012*

Definitions and data sources

Education

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Youth (15-24 years) literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*, male

97

Youth (15-24 years) literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*, female

97.4

Number per 100 population 2012, mobile phones

106.1

Number per 100 population 2012, Internet users

50

Pre-primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008 -2012*, male

78.6

Pre-primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008 -2012*, female

79.4

Primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

96.4

Primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

95.4

Primary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

87.9

Primary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

87.3

Primary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

Primary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

Primary school participation, Survival rate to last primary grade (%) , 2008-2012*, admin. data

97.1

Primary school participation, Survival rate to last primary grade (%) , 2008-2012*, survey data

Secondary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

81.6

Secondary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

83.1

Secondary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

Secondary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

Definitions and data sources

Demographic Indicators

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Population (thousands) 2012, total

21754.7

Population (thousands) 2012, under 18

3953.8

Population (thousands) 2012, under 5

1113.1

Population annual growth rate (%), 1990-2012

-0.3

Population annual growth rate (%), 2012-2030

-0.4

Crude death rate, 1970

9.6

Crude death rate, 1990

11.2

Crude death rate, 2012

12.4

Crude birth rate, 1970

21.4

Crude birth rate, 1990

13.9

Crude birth rate, 2012

10.3

Life expectancy, 1970

68.1

Life expectancy, 1990

69.5

Life expectancy, 2012

73.7

Total fertility rate, 2012

1.4

Urbanized population (%), 2012

52.8

Average annual growth rate of urban population (%), 1990-2012

-0.4

Average annual growth rate of urban population (%), 2012-2030

-0.1

Definitions and data sources

Economic Indicators

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GNI per capita 2012, US$

8420

GNI per capita 2012, PPP US$

16310

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1970-1990

0.9

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1990-2012

2.8

Average annual rate of inflation (%) 1990-2012

41.3

Population below international poverty line of US$1.25 per day (%) 2007-2011*

0.4

Public spending as a % of GDP (2007-2011*) allocated to: health

4.4

Public spending as a % of GDP (2008-2010*) allocated to: education

4.3

Public spending as a % of GDP (2008-2010*) allocated to: military

1.4

ODA inflow in millions US$ 2010

ODA inflow as a % of recipient GNI 2010

Debt service as a % of exports of goods and services 2010

25

Share of household income (%, 2007-2011*), poorest 40%

23

Share of household income (%, 2007-2011*), richest 20%

36

Definitions and data sources

Women

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Life expectancy: females as a % of males 2012

110.3

Adult literacy rate: females as a % of males 2008-2012*

98.8

Enrolment ratios: females as a % of males 2008-2012*, Primary GER

98.9

Enrolment ratios: females as a % of males 2008-2012*, Secondary GER

98.9

Survival rate to the last grade of primary: females as a % of males 2008-2012*

99.9

Contraceptive prevalence (%) 2008-2012*

70.3

Antenatal care (%) 2008-2012*, At least one visit

93.5

Antenatal care (%) 2008-2012*, At least four visits

76

Delivery care (%) 2008-2012*, Skilled attendant at birth

98.5

Delivery care (%) 2008-2012*, Institutional delivery

97.8

Delivery care (%) 2008-2012*, C-section

19.1

Maternal mortality ratio , 2008-2012*, Reported

21.1

Maternal mortality ratio , 2010, Adjusted

27

Maternal mortality ratio , 2010, Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in:)

2600

Definitions and data sources

Child Protection

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Child labour (%) + 2002-2012*, , total

0.9

Child labour (%) + 2002-2012*, , male

1.2

Child labour (%) + 2002-2012*, , female

0.7

Child marriage (%) 2002-2012*, married by 15

Child marriage (%) 2002-2012*, married by 18

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, total

Female genital mutilation/cutting (%) 2002-2012*, prevalence, women a

Female genital mutilation/cutting (%) 2002-2012*, prevalence, daughtersb

Female genital mutilation/cutting (%) 2002-2012*, attitudes, support for the practicec

Justification of wife-beating (%) 2002-2012*, male

Justification of wife-beating (%) 2002-2012*, female

Violent discipline (%) + 2005-2012*, total

Violent discipline (%) + 2005-2012*, male

Violent discipline (%) + 2005-2012*, female

Definitions and data sources

The Rate Of Progress

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Under-5 mortality rank

129

Under-5 mortality rate, , 1970

66

Under-5 mortality rate, , 1990

38

Under-5 mortality rate, , 2000

27

Under-5 mortality rate, , 2012

12

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 1970-1990

2.8

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 1990-2000

3.5

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 2000-2012

6.5

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 1990-2012

5.1

Reduction since 1990 (%)

68

Reduction since 2000 (%)

54

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1970-1990

0.9

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1990-2012

2.8

Total fertility rate, 1970

2.9

Total fertility rate, 1990

1.9

Total fertility rate, 2012

1.4

Average annual rate of reduction (%) Total fertility rate, 1970-1990

2.1

Average annual rate of reduction (%) Total fertility rate, 1990-2012

1.4

Definitions and data sources

Adolescents

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Population aged 10-19, Thousands 2012

2229.9

Population aged 10-19, Proportion of total population (%) 2012

10.3

Adolescents currently married/ in union (%) 2002-2012* , male

Adolescents currently married/ in union (%) 2002-2012* , female

Births by age 18 (%) 2008-2012*

Adolescent birth rate 2006-2010*

40.7

Justification of wife-beating among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, male

Justification of wife-beating among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, female

Use of mass media among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, male

Use of mass media among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, female

Lower secondary school gross enrolment ratio 2008-2012*

96.3

Upper secondary school gross enrolment ratio 2008-2012*

98

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV among adolescents (%) 2008-2012*, male

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV among adolescents (%) 2008-2012*, female

Definitions and data sources

Disparities By Residence

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Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, urban

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, rural

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, urban

99.7

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, rural

98.3

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

1

Underweight prevalence in children under 5 (%) 2008-2012*, urban

3

Underweight prevalence in children under 5 (%) 2008-2012*, rural

4

Underweight prevalence in children under 5 (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of rural to urban

1.3

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, urban

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, rural

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, urban

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, rural

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, urban

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, rural

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2010, urban

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2010, rural

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2010, ratio of urban to rural

Definitions and data sources

Disparities By Household Wealth

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Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, richest 20%

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Underweight prevalence in children under five (%) 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Underweight prevalence in children under five (%) 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Underweight prevalence in children under five (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of poorest to richest

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Males 15-24 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Males 15-24 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Males 15-24 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Definitions and data sources

Early Childhood Development

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Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, total

-

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, male

-

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, female

-

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

-

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, richest 20%

-

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, total

-

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, male

-

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, female

-

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

-

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, richest 20%

-

Father's support for learning ++ 2005-2012*

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books , total

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books , poorest 20%

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books , richest 20%

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, total

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, poorest 20%

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, richest 20%

-

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, total

-

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, male

-

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, female

-

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

-

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, richest 20%

-

Definitions and data sources


 

 

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