At a glance: Nicaragua

Statistics

Basic Indicators | Nutrition | Health | HIV/AIDS | Education | Demographic Indicators | Economic Indicators | Women | Child Protection | The Rate Of Progress | Adolescents | Disparities By Residence | Disparities By Household Wealth | Early Childhood Development

Basic Indicators

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Under-5 mortality rank

82

Under-5 mortality rate (U5MR), 1990

66

Under-5 mortality rate (U5MR), 2012

24

U5MR by sex 2012, male

27

U5MR by sex 2012, female

22

Infant mortality rate (under 1), 1990

50

Infant mortality rate (under 1), 2012

21

Neonatal mortality rate 2012

12

Total population (thousands) 2012

5991.7

Annual no. of births (thousands) 2012

138.8

Annual no. of under-5 deaths (thousands) 2012

3

GNI per capita (US$) 2012

1650

Life expectancy at birth (years) 2012

74.5

Total adult literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*

78

Primary school net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2011*

93.9

Definitions and data sources

Nutrition

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Low birthweight (%) 2008-2012*

7.6

Early initiation of breastfeeding (%), 2008-2012*

76.3

Exclusive breastfeeding <6 months (%), 2008-2012*

30.6

Introduction of solid, semi-solid or soft foods 6-8 months (%), 2008-2012*

76.1

Breastfeeding at age 2 (%), 2008-2012*

42.9

Underweight (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

6

Underweight (%) 2008-2012*, severe

0.8

Stunting (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

22

Wasting (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

1

Overweight (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

6.2

Vitamin A supplementation full coverage (%) 2012

7

Iodized salt consumption (%) 2008-2012*

96.8

Definitions and data sources

Health

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Use of improved drinking water sources (%) 2011, total

85

Use of improved drinking water sources (%) 2011, urban

97.6

Use of improved drinking water sources (%) 2011, rural

67.8

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2011, total

52.1

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2011, urban

63.2

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2011, rural

37

Routine EPI vaccines financed by government (%) 2012

19.4

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, BCG

98

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, DPT1

99

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, DPT3

98

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, polio3

99

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, MCV

99

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, HepB3

98

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, Hib3

98

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, Newborns protected against tetanus

81

Pneumonia (%) 2008-2012*, Care seeking for suspected pneumonia

57.7

Pneumonia (%) 2008-2012*, Antibiotic treatment for suspected pneumonia

Diarrhoea (%) 2008-2012*, Treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS)

58.6

Malaria (%) 2008-2012*, Antimalarial treatment among febrile children

1.8

Malaria (%) 2008-2012*, Children sleeping under ITNs

Malaria (%) 2008-2012*, Households with at least one ITN

Definitions and data sources

HIV/AIDS

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Adult HIV prevalence (%) 2012

0.3

People of all ages living with HIV (thousands) 2012, estimate

9.6

People of all ages living with HIV (thousands) 2012, low

6.6

People of all ages living with HIV (thousands) 2012, high

15

Women living with HIV (thousands) 2012

2.9

Children living with HIV (thousands) 2012

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), HIV prevalence among young people (%) 2012, total

0.2

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), HIV prevalence among young people (%) 2012, male

0.3

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), HIV prevalence among young people (%) 2012, female

0.2

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) 2008-2012*, male

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) 2008-2012*, female

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Condom use among young people with multiple partners (%) 2008-2012*, male

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Condom use among young people with multiple partners (%) 2008-2012*, female

Orphans, Children orphaned by AIDS (thousands) 2012

Orphans, Children orphaned due to all causes (thousands) 2012

Orphans, Orphan school attendance ratio (%), 2008-2012*

Definitions and data sources

Education

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Youth (15-24 years) literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*, male

85.2

Youth (15-24 years) literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*, female

88.8

Number per 100 population 2012, mobile phones

89.8

Number per 100 population 2012, Internet users

13.5

Pre-primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008 -2012*, male

54.6

Pre-primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008 -2012*, female

56.1

Primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

118.8

Primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

116.3

Primary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

93.2

Primary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

94.5

Primary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

71

Primary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

69.5

Primary school participation, Survival rate to last primary grade (%) , 2008-2012*, admin. data

Primary school participation, Survival rate to last primary grade (%) , 2008-2012*, survey data

55.8

Secondary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

42.7

Secondary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

48.9

Secondary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

35.4

Secondary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

46.7

Definitions and data sources

Demographic Indicators

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Population (thousands) 2012, total

5991.7

Population (thousands) 2012, under 18

2398.7

Population (thousands) 2012, under 5

689.5

Population annual growth rate (%), 1990-2012

1.7

Population annual growth rate (%), 2012-2030

1.2

Crude death rate, 1970

13.4

Crude death rate, 1990

7.4

Crude death rate, 2012

4.6

Crude birth rate, 1970

46.2

Crude birth rate, 1990

36.9

Crude birth rate, 2012

23.1

Life expectancy, 1970

53.7

Life expectancy, 1990

64.1

Life expectancy, 2012

74.5

Total fertility rate, 2012

2.5

Urbanized population (%), 2012

57.8

Average annual growth rate of urban population (%), 1990-2012

2.1

Average annual growth rate of urban population (%), 2012-2030

1.8

Definitions and data sources

Economic Indicators

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GNI per capita 2012, US$

1650

GNI per capita 2012, PPP US$

3960

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1970-1990

-3.7

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1990-2012

2

Average annual rate of inflation (%) 1990-2012

17.3

Population below international poverty line of US$1.25 per day (%) 2007-2011*

11.9

Public spending as a % of GDP (2007-2011*) allocated to: health

5.7

Public spending as a % of GDP (2008-2010*) allocated to: education

4.7

Public spending as a % of GDP (2008-2010*) allocated to: military

0.5

ODA inflow in millions US$ 2010

695

ODA inflow as a % of recipient GNI 2010

7.4

Debt service as a % of exports of goods and services 2010

12

Share of household income (%, 2007-2011*), poorest 40%

16

Share of household income (%, 2007-2011*), richest 20%

47

Definitions and data sources

Women

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Life expectancy: females as a % of males 2012

108.6

Adult literacy rate: females as a % of males 2008-2012*

99.8

Enrolment ratios: females as a % of males 2008-2012*, Primary GER

98

Enrolment ratios: females as a % of males 2008-2012*, Secondary GER

109.9

Survival rate to the last grade of primary: females as a % of males 2008-2012*

Contraceptive prevalence (%) 2008-2012*

72.4

Antenatal care (%) 2008-2012*, At least one visit

90.2

Antenatal care (%) 2008-2012*, At least four visits

77.7

Delivery care (%) 2008-2012*, Skilled attendant at birth

73.7

Delivery care (%) 2008-2012*, Institutional delivery

85.6

Delivery care (%) 2008-2012*, C-section

19.6

Maternal mortality ratio , 2008-2012*, Reported

62.7

Maternal mortality ratio , 2010, Adjusted

95

Maternal mortality ratio , 2010, Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in:)

350

Definitions and data sources

Child Protection

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Child labour (%) + 2002-2012*, , total

14.5

Child labour (%) + 2002-2012*, , male

17.6

Child labour (%) + 2002-2012*, , female

11.2

Child marriage (%) 2002-2012*, married by 15

10.4

Child marriage (%) 2002-2012*, married by 18

40.6

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, total

85

Female genital mutilation/cutting (%) 2002-2012*, prevalence, women a

Female genital mutilation/cutting (%) 2002-2012*, prevalence, daughtersb

Female genital mutilation/cutting (%) 2002-2012*, attitudes, support for the practicec

Justification of wife-beating (%) 2002-2012*, male

Justification of wife-beating (%) 2002-2012*, female

13.7

Violent discipline (%) + 2005-2012*, total

Violent discipline (%) + 2005-2012*, male

Violent discipline (%) + 2005-2012*, female

Definitions and data sources

The Rate Of Progress

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Under-5 mortality rank

82

Under-5 mortality rate, , 1970

172

Under-5 mortality rate, , 1990

66

Under-5 mortality rate, , 2000

40

Under-5 mortality rate, , 2012

24

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 1970-1990

4.8

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 1990-2000

5

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 2000-2012

4.1

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 1990-2012

4.5

Reduction since 1990 (%)

63

Reduction since 2000 (%)

39

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1970-1990

-3.7

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1990-2012

2

Total fertility rate, 1970

6.9

Total fertility rate, 1990

4.8

Total fertility rate, 2012

2.5

Average annual rate of reduction (%) Total fertility rate, 1970-1990

1.9

Average annual rate of reduction (%) Total fertility rate, 1990-2012

2.8

Definitions and data sources

Adolescents

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Population aged 10-19, Thousands 2012

1319.2

Population aged 10-19, Proportion of total population (%) 2012

22

Adolescents currently married/ in union (%) 2002-2012* , male

Adolescents currently married/ in union (%) 2002-2012* , female

24.2

Births by age 18 (%) 2008-2012*

28.1

Adolescent birth rate 2006-2010*

108.5

Justification of wife-beating among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, male

Justification of wife-beating among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, female

19.1

Use of mass media among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, male

Use of mass media among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, female

94.6

Lower secondary school gross enrolment ratio 2008-2012*

79.6

Upper secondary school gross enrolment ratio 2008-2012*

54.2

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV among adolescents (%) 2008-2012*, male

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV among adolescents (%) 2008-2012*, female

Definitions and data sources

Disparities By Residence

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Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, urban

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, rural

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, urban

92.4

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, rural

56

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

1.7

Underweight prevalence in children under 5 (%) 2008-2012*, urban

4

Underweight prevalence in children under 5 (%) 2008-2012*, rural

7

Underweight prevalence in children under 5 (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of rural to urban

1.8

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, urban

64.1

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, rural

54.7

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

1.2

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, urban

76.2

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, rural

64.1

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

1.2

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, urban

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, rural

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2010, urban

63.2

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2010, rural

37

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2010, ratio of urban to rural

1.7

Definitions and data sources

Disparities By Household Wealth

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Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, richest 20%

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

41.8

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, richest 20%

98.5

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

2.4

Underweight prevalence in children under five (%) 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

9

Underweight prevalence in children under five (%) 2008-2012*, richest 20%

1

Underweight prevalence in children under five (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of poorest to richest

9

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

53

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, richest 20%

63.5

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

1.2

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Males 15-24 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Males 15-24 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Males 15-24 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Definitions and data sources

Early Childhood Development

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Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, total

-

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, male

-

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, female

-

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

-

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, richest 20%

-

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, total

-

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, male

-

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, female

-

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

-

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, richest 20%

-

Father's support for learning ++ 2005-2012*

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books , total

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books , poorest 20%

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books , richest 20%

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, total

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, poorest 20%

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, richest 20%

-

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, total

-

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, male

-

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, female

-

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

-

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, richest 20%

-

Definitions and data sources


 

 

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