Nepal

Statistics

Basic Indicators | Nutrition | Health | HIV/AIDS | Education | Demographic Indicators | Economic Indicators | Women | Child Protection | The Rate Of Progress | Adolescents | Disparities By Residence | Disparities By Household Wealth | Early Childhood Development

Basic Indicators

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Under-5 mortality rank

59

Under-5 mortality rate (U5MR), 1990

142

Under-5 mortality rate (U5MR), 2012

42

U5MR by sex 2012, male

44

U5MR by sex 2012, female

39

Infant mortality rate (under 1), 1990

99

Infant mortality rate (under 1), 2012

34

Neonatal mortality rate 2012

24

Total population (thousands) 2012

27474.4

Annual no. of births (thousands) 2012

593.3

Annual no. of under-5 deaths (thousands) 2012

24

GNI per capita (US$) 2012

700

Life expectancy at birth (years) 2012

68

Total adult literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*

57.4

Primary school net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2011*

Definitions and data sources

Nutrition

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Low birthweight (%) 2008-2012*

17.8

Early initiation of breastfeeding (%), 2008-2012*

44.5

Exclusive breastfeeding <6 months (%), 2008-2012*

69.6

Introduction of solid, semi-solid or soft foods 6-8 months (%), 2008-2012*

65.5

Breastfeeding at age 2 (%), 2008-2012*

92.6

Underweight (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

28.8

Underweight (%) 2008-2012*, severe

7.7

Stunting (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

40.5

Wasting (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

10.9

Overweight (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

1.5

Vitamin A supplementation full coverage (%) 2012

95

Iodized salt consumption (%) 2008-2012*

80

Definitions and data sources

Health

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Use of improved drinking water sources (%) 2011, total

87.6

Use of improved drinking water sources (%) 2011, urban

91.2

Use of improved drinking water sources (%) 2011, rural

86.8

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2011, total

35.4

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2011, urban

50.1

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2011, rural

32.4

Routine EPI vaccines financed by government (%) 2012

44.9

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, BCG

96

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, DPT1

90

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, DPT3

90

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, polio3

90

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, MCV

86

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, HepB3

90

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, Hib3

90

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, Newborns protected against tetanus

82

Pneumonia (%) 2008-2012*, Care seeking for suspected pneumonia

49.5

Pneumonia (%) 2008-2012*, Antibiotic treatment for suspected pneumonia

7

Diarrhoea (%) 2008-2012*, Treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS)

39

Malaria (%) 2008-2012*, Antimalarial treatment among febrile children

0.6

Malaria (%) 2008-2012*, Children sleeping under ITNs

Malaria (%) 2008-2012*, Households with at least one ITN

Definitions and data sources

HIV/AIDS

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Adult HIV prevalence (%) 2012

0.3

People of all ages living with HIV (thousands) 2012, estimate

49

People of all ages living with HIV (thousands) 2012, low

39

People of all ages living with HIV (thousands) 2012, high

65

Women living with HIV (thousands) 2012

14

Children living with HIV (thousands) 2012

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), HIV prevalence among young people (%) 2012, total

<0.1

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), HIV prevalence among young people (%) 2012, male

<0.1

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), HIV prevalence among young people (%) 2012, female

<0.1

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) 2008-2012*, male

33.9

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) 2008-2012*, female

25.8

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Condom use among young people with multiple partners (%) 2008-2012*, male

45.1

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Condom use among young people with multiple partners (%) 2008-2012*, female

Orphans, Children orphaned by AIDS (thousands) 2012

Orphans, Children orphaned due to all causes (thousands) 2012

Orphans, Orphan school attendance ratio (%), 2008-2012*

72

Definitions and data sources

Education

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Youth (15-24 years) literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*, male

89.2

Youth (15-24 years) literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*, female

77.5

Number per 100 population 2012, mobile phones

52.8

Number per 100 population 2012, Internet users

11.1

Pre-primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008 -2012*, male

Pre-primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008 -2012*, female

Primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

Primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

Primary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

Primary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

Primary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

96.2

Primary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

91.4

Primary school participation, Survival rate to last primary grade (%) , 2008-2012*, admin. data

Primary school participation, Survival rate to last primary grade (%) , 2008-2012*, survey data

95

Secondary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

Secondary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

Secondary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

74.2

Secondary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

66

Definitions and data sources

Demographic Indicators

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Population (thousands) 2012, total

27474.4

Population (thousands) 2012, under 18

11601.3

Population (thousands) 2012, under 5

2984.1

Population annual growth rate (%), 1990-2012

1.9

Population annual growth rate (%), 2012-2030

1

Crude death rate, 1970

21.2

Crude death rate, 1990

12.5

Crude death rate, 2012

6.7

Crude birth rate, 1970

42.3

Crude birth rate, 1990

37.9

Crude birth rate, 2012

21.6

Life expectancy, 1970

42.4

Life expectancy, 1990

55.1

Life expectancy, 2012

68

Total fertility rate, 2012

2.4

Urbanized population (%), 2012

17.3

Average annual growth rate of urban population (%), 1990-2012

4.9

Average annual growth rate of urban population (%), 2012-2030

3

Definitions and data sources

Economic Indicators

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GNI per capita 2012, US$

700

GNI per capita 2012, PPP US$

1500

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1970-1990

1.2

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1990-2012

2.3

Average annual rate of inflation (%) 1990-2012

7.3

Population below international poverty line of US$1.25 per day (%) 2007-2011*

24.8

Public spending as a % of GDP (2007-2011*) allocated to: health

1.9

Public spending as a % of GDP (2008-2010*) allocated to: education

4.7

Public spending as a % of GDP (2008-2010*) allocated to: military

1.6

ODA inflow in millions US$ 2010

892.3

ODA inflow as a % of recipient GNI 2010

4.7

Debt service as a % of exports of goods and services 2010

3.2

Share of household income (%, 2007-2011*), poorest 40%

20

Share of household income (%, 2007-2011*), richest 20%

41

Definitions and data sources

Women

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Life expectancy: females as a % of males 2012

103.3

Adult literacy rate: females as a % of males 2008-2012*

65.7

Enrolment ratios: females as a % of males 2008-2012*, Primary GER

Enrolment ratios: females as a % of males 2008-2012*, Secondary GER

Survival rate to the last grade of primary: females as a % of males 2008-2012*

Contraceptive prevalence (%) 2008-2012*

49.7

Antenatal care (%) 2008-2012*, At least one visit

58.3

Antenatal care (%) 2008-2012*, At least four visits

50.1

Delivery care (%) 2008-2012*, Skilled attendant at birth

36

Delivery care (%) 2008-2012*, Institutional delivery

35.3

Delivery care (%) 2008-2012*, C-section

4.6

Maternal mortality ratio , 2008-2012*, Reported

280

Maternal mortality ratio , 2010, Adjusted

170

Maternal mortality ratio , 2010, Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in:)

190

Definitions and data sources

Child Protection

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Child labour (%) + 2002-2012*, , total

33.9

Child labour (%) + 2002-2012*, , male

30.2

Child labour (%) + 2002-2012*, , female

37.8

Child marriage (%) 2002-2012*, married by 15

10.1

Child marriage (%) 2002-2012*, married by 18

40.7

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, total

42.3

Female genital mutilation/cutting (%) 2002-2012*, prevalence, women a

Female genital mutilation/cutting (%) 2002-2012*, prevalence, daughtersb

Female genital mutilation/cutting (%) 2002-2012*, attitudes, support for the practicec

Justification of wife-beating (%) 2002-2012*, male

21.5

Justification of wife-beating (%) 2002-2012*, female

23.2

Violent discipline (%) + 2005-2012*, total

Violent discipline (%) + 2005-2012*, male

Violent discipline (%) + 2005-2012*, female

Definitions and data sources

The Rate Of Progress

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Under-5 mortality rank

59

Under-5 mortality rate, , 1970

269

Under-5 mortality rate, , 1990

142

Under-5 mortality rate, , 2000

82

Under-5 mortality rate, , 2012

42

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 1970-1990

3.2

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 1990-2000

5.5

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 2000-2012

5.7

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 1990-2012

5.6

Reduction since 1990 (%)

71

Reduction since 2000 (%)

49

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1970-1990

1.2

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1990-2012

2.3

Total fertility rate, 1970

6

Total fertility rate, 1990

5.2

Total fertility rate, 2012

2.4

Average annual rate of reduction (%) Total fertility rate, 1970-1990

0.7

Average annual rate of reduction (%) Total fertility rate, 1990-2012

3.5

Definitions and data sources

Adolescents

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Population aged 10-19, Thousands 2012

6354

Population aged 10-19, Proportion of total population (%) 2012

23.1

Adolescents currently married/ in union (%) 2002-2012* , male

6.9

Adolescents currently married/ in union (%) 2002-2012* , female

28.8

Births by age 18 (%) 2008-2012*

19.4

Adolescent birth rate 2006-2010*

81

Justification of wife-beating among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, male

27.4

Justification of wife-beating among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, female

24.4

Use of mass media among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, male

86

Use of mass media among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, female

75.6

Lower secondary school gross enrolment ratio 2008-2012*

Upper secondary school gross enrolment ratio 2008-2012*

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV among adolescents (%) 2008-2012*, male

32.7

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV among adolescents (%) 2008-2012*, female

25

Definitions and data sources

Disparities By Residence

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Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, urban

44.2

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, rural

42.1

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

1

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, urban

72.7

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, rural

32.3

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

2.3

Underweight prevalence in children under 5 (%) 2008-2012*, urban

16.5

Underweight prevalence in children under 5 (%) 2008-2012*, rural

30

Underweight prevalence in children under 5 (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of rural to urban

1.8

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, urban

44.2

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, rural

38.5

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

1.1

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, urban

97.3

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, rural

93.4

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

1

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, urban

40.2

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, rural

23.5

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

1.7

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2010, urban

50.1

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2010, rural

32.4

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2010, ratio of urban to rural

1.5

Definitions and data sources

Disparities By Household Wealth

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Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

35.6

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, richest 20%

52.1

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

1.5

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

10.7

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, richest 20%

81.5

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

7.6

Underweight prevalence in children under five (%) 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

40.3

Underweight prevalence in children under five (%) 2008-2012*, richest 20%

10

Underweight prevalence in children under five (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of poorest to richest

4

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

39.3

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, richest 20%

35.7

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

0.9

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

90.6

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, richest 20%

98.5

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

1.1

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Males 15-24 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Males 15-24 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Males 15-24 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Definitions and data sources

Early Childhood Development

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Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, total

30.1

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, male

29.3

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, female

31

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

14.3

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, richest 20%

60.9

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, total

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, male

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, female

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, richest 20%

Father's support for learning ++ 2005-2012*

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books , total

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books , poorest 20%

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books , richest 20%

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, total

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, poorest 20%

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, richest 20%

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, total

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, male

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, female

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, richest 20%

Definitions and data sources


 

 

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