At a glance: Korea, Democratic People's Republic of

Statistics

Basic Indicators | Nutrition | Health | HIV/AIDS | Education | Demographic Indicators | Economic Indicators | Women | Child Protection | The Rate Of Progress | Adolescents | Disparities By Residence | Disparities By Household Wealth | Early Childhood Development

Basic Indicators

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Under-5 mortality rank

77

Under-5 mortality rate (U5MR), 1990

44

Under-5 mortality rate (U5MR), 2012

29

U5MR by sex 2012, male

32

U5MR by sex 2012, female

26

Infant mortality rate (under 1), 1990

33

Infant mortality rate (under 1), 2012

23

Neonatal mortality rate 2012

16

Total population (thousands) 2012

24763.2

Annual no. of births (thousands) 2012

356

Annual no. of under-5 deaths (thousands) 2012

10

GNI per capita (US$) 2012

a

Life expectancy at birth (years) 2012

69.7

Total adult literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*

100

Primary school net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2011*

Definitions and data sources

Nutrition

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Low birthweight (%) 2008-2012*

5.7

Early initiation of breastfeeding (%), 2008-2012*

18.4

Exclusive breastfeeding <6 months (%), 2008-2012*

65

Introduction of solid, semi-solid or soft foods 6-8 months (%), 2008-2012*

31.4

Breastfeeding at age 2 (%), 2008-2012*

36

Underweight (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

15.2

Underweight (%) 2008-2012*, severe

2.9

Stunting (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

27.9

Wasting (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

4

Overweight (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

Vitamin A supplementation full coverage (%) 2012

99

Iodized salt consumption (%) 2008-2012*

24.5

Definitions and data sources

Health

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Use of improved drinking water sources (%) 2011, total

98.1

Use of improved drinking water sources (%) 2011, urban

98.9

Use of improved drinking water sources (%) 2011, rural

96.9

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2011, total

81.8

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2011, urban

87.9

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2011, rural

72.5

Routine EPI vaccines financed by government (%) 2012

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, BCG

98

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, DPT1

97

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, DPT3

96

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, polio3

99

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, MCV

99

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, HepB3

96

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, Hib3

32

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, Newborns protected against tetanus

93

Pneumonia (%) 2008-2012*, Care seeking for suspected pneumonia

79.8

Pneumonia (%) 2008-2012*, Antibiotic treatment for suspected pneumonia

87.6

Diarrhoea (%) 2008-2012*, Treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS)

74

Malaria (%) 2008-2012*, Antimalarial treatment among febrile children

Malaria (%) 2008-2012*, Children sleeping under ITNs

Malaria (%) 2008-2012*, Households with at least one ITN

Definitions and data sources

HIV/AIDS

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Adult HIV prevalence (%) 2012

People of all ages living with HIV (thousands) 2012, estimate

People of all ages living with HIV (thousands) 2012, low

People of all ages living with HIV (thousands) 2012, high

Women living with HIV (thousands) 2012

Children living with HIV (thousands) 2012

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), HIV prevalence among young people (%) 2012, total

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), HIV prevalence among young people (%) 2012, male

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), HIV prevalence among young people (%) 2012, female

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) 2008-2012*, male

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) 2008-2012*, female

7.9

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Condom use among young people with multiple partners (%) 2008-2012*, male

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Condom use among young people with multiple partners (%) 2008-2012*, female

Orphans, Children orphaned by AIDS (thousands) 2012

Orphans, Children orphaned due to all causes (thousands) 2012

Orphans, Orphan school attendance ratio (%), 2008-2012*

Definitions and data sources

Education

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Youth (15-24 years) literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*, male

100

Youth (15-24 years) literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*, female

100

Number per 100 population 2012, mobile phones

6.9

Number per 100 population 2012, Internet users

Pre-primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008 -2012*, male

Pre-primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008 -2012*, female

Primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

Primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

Primary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

Primary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

Primary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

99.2

Primary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

99.1

Primary school participation, Survival rate to last primary grade (%) , 2008-2012*, admin. data

Primary school participation, Survival rate to last primary grade (%) , 2008-2012*, survey data

Secondary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

Secondary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

Secondary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

97.5

Secondary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

97.9

Definitions and data sources

Demographic Indicators

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Population (thousands) 2012, total

24763.2

Population (thousands) 2012, under 18

6632.1

Population (thousands) 2012, under 5

1690.4

Population annual growth rate (%), 1990-2012

0.9

Population annual growth rate (%), 2012-2030

0.4

Crude death rate, 1970

9.5

Crude death rate, 1990

5.7

Crude death rate, 2012

9.2

Crude birth rate, 1970

37

Crude birth rate, 1990

20.8

Crude birth rate, 2012

14.4

Life expectancy, 1970

59.7

Life expectancy, 1990

69.9

Life expectancy, 2012

69.7

Total fertility rate, 2012

2

Urbanized population (%), 2012

60.4

Average annual growth rate of urban population (%), 1990-2012

1.1

Average annual growth rate of urban population (%), 2012-2030

0.8

Definitions and data sources

Economic Indicators

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GNI per capita 2012, US$

a

GNI per capita 2012, PPP US$

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1970-1990

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1990-2012

Average annual rate of inflation (%) 1990-2012

Population below international poverty line of US$1.25 per day (%) 2007-2011*

Public spending as a % of GDP (2007-2011*) allocated to: health

Public spending as a % of GDP (2008-2010*) allocated to: education

Public spending as a % of GDP (2008-2010*) allocated to: military

ODA inflow in millions US$ 2010

118.5

ODA inflow as a % of recipient GNI 2010

Debt service as a % of exports of goods and services 2010

Share of household income (%, 2007-2011*), poorest 40%

Share of household income (%, 2007-2011*), richest 20%

Definitions and data sources

Women

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Life expectancy: females as a % of males 2012

110.5

Adult literacy rate: females as a % of males 2008-2012*

100

Enrolment ratios: females as a % of males 2008-2012*, Primary GER

Enrolment ratios: females as a % of males 2008-2012*, Secondary GER

Survival rate to the last grade of primary: females as a % of males 2008-2012*

Contraceptive prevalence (%) 2008-2012*

68.6

Antenatal care (%) 2008-2012*, At least one visit

100

Antenatal care (%) 2008-2012*, At least four visits

93.5

Delivery care (%) 2008-2012*, Skilled attendant at birth

100

Delivery care (%) 2008-2012*, Institutional delivery

94.7

Delivery care (%) 2008-2012*, C-section

12.5

Maternal mortality ratio , 2008-2012*, Reported

77.2

Maternal mortality ratio , 2010, Adjusted

81

Maternal mortality ratio , 2010, Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in:)

670

Definitions and data sources

Child Protection

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Child labour (%) + 2002-2012*, , total

Child labour (%) + 2002-2012*, , male

Child labour (%) + 2002-2012*, , female

Child marriage (%) 2002-2012*, married by 15

Child marriage (%) 2002-2012*, married by 18

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, total

100

Female genital mutilation/cutting (%) 2002-2012*, prevalence, women a

Female genital mutilation/cutting (%) 2002-2012*, prevalence, daughtersb

Female genital mutilation/cutting (%) 2002-2012*, attitudes, support for the practicec

Justification of wife-beating (%) 2002-2012*, male

Justification of wife-beating (%) 2002-2012*, female

Violent discipline (%) + 2005-2012*, total

Violent discipline (%) + 2005-2012*, male

Violent discipline (%) + 2005-2012*, female

Definitions and data sources

The Rate Of Progress

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Under-5 mortality rank

77

Under-5 mortality rate, , 1970

Under-5 mortality rate, , 1990

44

Under-5 mortality rate, , 2000

60

Under-5 mortality rate, , 2012

29

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 1970-1990

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 1990-2000

-3.2

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 2000-2012

6.1

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 1990-2012

1.9

Reduction since 1990 (%)

34

Reduction since 2000 (%)

52

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1970-1990

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1990-2012

Total fertility rate, 1970

4.3

Total fertility rate, 1990

2.3

Total fertility rate, 2012

2

Average annual rate of reduction (%) Total fertility rate, 1970-1990

3.2

Average annual rate of reduction (%) Total fertility rate, 1990-2012

0.6

Definitions and data sources

Adolescents

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Population aged 10-19, Thousands 2012

3940.1

Population aged 10-19, Proportion of total population (%) 2012

15.9

Adolescents currently married/ in union (%) 2002-2012* , male

Adolescents currently married/ in union (%) 2002-2012* , female

Births by age 18 (%) 2008-2012*

Adolescent birth rate 2006-2010*

0.7

Justification of wife-beating among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, male

Justification of wife-beating among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, female

Use of mass media among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, male

Use of mass media among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, female

Lower secondary school gross enrolment ratio 2008-2012*

Upper secondary school gross enrolment ratio 2008-2012*

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV among adolescents (%) 2008-2012*, male

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV among adolescents (%) 2008-2012*, female

7.3

Definitions and data sources

Disparities By Residence

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Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, urban

100

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, rural

100

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

1

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, urban

100

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, rural

100

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

1

Underweight prevalence in children under 5 (%) 2008-2012*, urban

13.2

Underweight prevalence in children under 5 (%) 2008-2012*, rural

26.7

Underweight prevalence in children under 5 (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of rural to urban

2

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, urban

75.2

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, rural

72.6

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

1

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, urban

99.6

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, rural

98.5

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

1

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, urban

10.8

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, rural

3.8

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

2.8

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2010, urban

87.9

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2010, rural

72.5

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2010, ratio of urban to rural

1.2

Definitions and data sources

Disparities By Household Wealth

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Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, richest 20%

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Underweight prevalence in children under five (%) 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Underweight prevalence in children under five (%) 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Underweight prevalence in children under five (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of poorest to richest

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Males 15-24 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Males 15-24 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Males 15-24 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Definitions and data sources

Early Childhood Development

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Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, total

97.8

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, male

98.3

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, female

97.4

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, richest 20%

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, total

90.8

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, male

88.4

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, female

93.2

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, richest 20%

Father's support for learning ++ 2005-2012*

75.2

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books , total

79.1

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books , poorest 20%

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books , richest 20%

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, total

47.3

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, poorest 20%

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, richest 20%

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, total

16.5

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, male

16.8

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, female

16.2

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, richest 20%

Definitions and data sources


 

 

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