At a glance: Gambia

Statistics

Basic Indicators | Nutrition | Health | HIV/AIDS | Education | Demographic Indicators | Economic Indicators | Women | Child Protection | The Rate Of Progress | Adolescents | Disparities By Residence | Disparities By Household Wealth | Early Childhood Development

Basic Indicators

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Under-5 mortality rank

33

Under-5 mortality rate (U5MR), 1990

170

Under-5 mortality rate (U5MR), 2012

73

U5MR by sex 2012, male

78

U5MR by sex 2012, female

68

Infant mortality rate (under 1), 1990

80

Infant mortality rate (under 1), 2012

49

Neonatal mortality rate 2012

28

Total population (thousands) 2012

1791.2

Annual no. of births (thousands) 2012

77.2

Annual no. of under-5 deaths (thousands) 2012

5

GNI per capita (US$) 2012

510

Life expectancy at birth (years) 2012

58.6

Total adult literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*

51.1

Primary school net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2011*

69.5

Definitions and data sources

Nutrition

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Low birthweight (%) 2008-2012*

10.2

Early initiation of breastfeeding (%), 2008-2012*

51.6

Exclusive breastfeeding <6 months (%), 2008-2012*

33.5

Introduction of solid, semi-solid or soft foods 6-8 months (%), 2008-2012*

34.3

Breastfeeding at age 2 (%), 2008-2012*

31.4

Underweight (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

17.4

Underweight (%) 2008-2012*, severe

4.2

Stunting (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

23.4

Wasting (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

9.5

Overweight (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

1.9

Vitamin A supplementation full coverage (%) 2012

46

Iodized salt consumption (%) 2008-2012*

22

Definitions and data sources

Health

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Use of improved drinking water sources (%) 2011, total

89.3

Use of improved drinking water sources (%) 2011, urban

92.4

Use of improved drinking water sources (%) 2011, rural

85.2

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2011, total

67.7

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2011, urban

69.8

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2011, rural

64.8

Routine EPI vaccines financed by government (%) 2012

15.9

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, BCG

98

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, DPT1

99

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, DPT3

98

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, polio3

98

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, MCV

95

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, HepB3

98

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, Hib3

98

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, Newborns protected against tetanus

92

Pneumonia (%) 2008-2012*, Care seeking for suspected pneumonia

68.8

Pneumonia (%) 2008-2012*, Antibiotic treatment for suspected pneumonia

69.8

Diarrhoea (%) 2008-2012*, Treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS)

38.9

Malaria (%) 2008-2012*, Antimalarial treatment among febrile children

30.2

Malaria (%) 2008-2012*, Children sleeping under ITNs

33.3

Malaria (%) 2008-2012*, Households with at least one ITN

50.9

Definitions and data sources

HIV/AIDS

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Adult HIV prevalence (%) 2012

1.3

People of all ages living with HIV (thousands) 2012, estimate

14

People of all ages living with HIV (thousands) 2012, low

11

People of all ages living with HIV (thousands) 2012, high

19

Women living with HIV (thousands) 2012

7.6

Children living with HIV (thousands) 2012

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), HIV prevalence among young people (%) 2012, total

0.4

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), HIV prevalence among young people (%) 2012, male

0.2

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), HIV prevalence among young people (%) 2012, female

0.5

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) 2008-2012*, male

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) 2008-2012*, female

32.8

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Condom use among young people with multiple partners (%) 2008-2012*, male

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Condom use among young people with multiple partners (%) 2008-2012*, female

49.3

Orphans, Children orphaned by AIDS (thousands) 2012

Orphans, Children orphaned due to all causes (thousands) 2012

Orphans, Orphan school attendance ratio (%), 2008-2012*

106

Definitions and data sources

Education

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Youth (15-24 years) literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*, male

72.6

Youth (15-24 years) literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*, female

63.6

Number per 100 population 2012, mobile phones

83.6

Number per 100 population 2012, Internet users

12.4

Pre-primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008 -2012*, male

29.8

Pre-primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008 -2012*, female

31.1

Primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

79.1

Primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

81.9

Primary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

67.9

Primary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

71.3

Primary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

61

Primary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

64.1

Primary school participation, Survival rate to last primary grade (%) , 2008-2012*, admin. data

63

Primary school participation, Survival rate to last primary grade (%) , 2008-2012*, survey data

95.3

Secondary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

Secondary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

Secondary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

34.1

Secondary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

34.2

Definitions and data sources

Demographic Indicators

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Population (thousands) 2012, total

1791.2

Population (thousands) 2012, under 18

941.4

Population (thousands) 2012, under 5

328.5

Population annual growth rate (%), 1990-2012

3

Population annual growth rate (%), 2012-2030

3

Crude death rate, 1970

26.2

Crude death rate, 1990

14.4

Crude death rate, 2012

9.8

Crude birth rate, 1970

50.3

Crude birth rate, 1990

47.5

Crude birth rate, 2012

43

Life expectancy, 1970

37.8

Life expectancy, 1990

52.1

Life expectancy, 2012

58.6

Total fertility rate, 2012

5.8

Urbanized population (%), 2012

57.9

Average annual growth rate of urban population (%), 1990-2012

4.9

Average annual growth rate of urban population (%), 2012-2030

3.7

Definitions and data sources

Economic Indicators

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GNI per capita 2012, US$

510

GNI per capita 2012, PPP US$

1860

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1970-1990

0.7

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1990-2012

0.4

Average annual rate of inflation (%) 1990-2012

5.5

Population below international poverty line of US$1.25 per day (%) 2007-2011*

33.6

Public spending as a % of GDP (2007-2011*) allocated to: health

2.4

Public spending as a % of GDP (2008-2010*) allocated to: education

3.9

Public spending as a % of GDP (2008-2010*) allocated to: military

ODA inflow in millions US$ 2010

134.7

ODA inflow as a % of recipient GNI 2010

15.5

Debt service as a % of exports of goods and services 2010

5.9

Share of household income (%, 2007-2011*), poorest 40%

14

Share of household income (%, 2007-2011*), richest 20%

53

Definitions and data sources

Women

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Life expectancy: females as a % of males 2012

104.6

Adult literacy rate: females as a % of males 2008-2012*

68.8

Enrolment ratios: females as a % of males 2008-2012*, Primary GER

103.5

Enrolment ratios: females as a % of males 2008-2012*, Secondary GER

94.6

Survival rate to the last grade of primary: females as a % of males 2008-2012*

109.7

Contraceptive prevalence (%) 2008-2012*

13.3

Antenatal care (%) 2008-2012*, At least one visit

98.1

Antenatal care (%) 2008-2012*, At least four visits

72

Delivery care (%) 2008-2012*, Skilled attendant at birth

56.6

Delivery care (%) 2008-2012*, Institutional delivery

55.7

Delivery care (%) 2008-2012*, C-section

2.5

Maternal mortality ratio , 2008-2012*, Reported

730

Maternal mortality ratio , 2010, Adjusted

360

Maternal mortality ratio , 2010, Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in:)

56

Definitions and data sources

Child Protection

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Child labour (%) + 2002-2012*, , total

19.2

Child labour (%) + 2002-2012*, , male

20.9

Child labour (%) + 2002-2012*, , female

17.5

Child marriage (%) 2002-2012*, married by 15

7.3

Child marriage (%) 2002-2012*, married by 18

36.4

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, total

52.5

Female genital mutilation/cutting (%) 2002-2012*, prevalence, women a

76.4

Female genital mutilation/cutting (%) 2002-2012*, prevalence, daughtersb

56.1

Female genital mutilation/cutting (%) 2002-2012*, attitudes, support for the practicec

64.2

Justification of wife-beating (%) 2002-2012*, male

Justification of wife-beating (%) 2002-2012*, female

74.5

Violent discipline (%) + 2005-2012*, total

90.3

Violent discipline (%) + 2005-2012*, male

89.6

Violent discipline (%) + 2005-2012*, female

91

Definitions and data sources

The Rate Of Progress

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Under-5 mortality rank

33

Under-5 mortality rate, , 1970

301

Under-5 mortality rate, , 1990

170

Under-5 mortality rate, , 2000

116

Under-5 mortality rate, , 2012

73

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 1970-1990

2.9

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 1990-2000

3.8

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 2000-2012

3.9

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 1990-2012

3.8

Reduction since 1990 (%)

57

Reduction since 2000 (%)

37

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1970-1990

0.7

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1990-2012

0.4

Total fertility rate, 1970

6.1

Total fertility rate, 1990

6.1

Total fertility rate, 2012

5.8

Average annual rate of reduction (%) Total fertility rate, 1970-1990

0

Average annual rate of reduction (%) Total fertility rate, 1990-2012

0.3

Definitions and data sources

Adolescents

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Population aged 10-19, Thousands 2012

415.6

Population aged 10-19, Proportion of total population (%) 2012

23.2

Adolescents currently married/ in union (%) 2002-2012* , male

Adolescents currently married/ in union (%) 2002-2012* , female

23.5

Births by age 18 (%) 2008-2012*

23.1

Adolescent birth rate 2006-2010*

118

Justification of wife-beating among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, male

Justification of wife-beating among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, female

73.7

Use of mass media among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, male

Use of mass media among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, female

Lower secondary school gross enrolment ratio 2008-2012*

62.3

Upper secondary school gross enrolment ratio 2008-2012*

44.7

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV among adolescents (%) 2008-2012*, male

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV among adolescents (%) 2008-2012*, female

33

Definitions and data sources

Disparities By Residence

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Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, urban

53.7

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, rural

51.6

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

1

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, urban

77.4

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, rural

40.9

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

1.9

Underweight prevalence in children under 5 (%) 2008-2012*, urban

11.9

Underweight prevalence in children under 5 (%) 2008-2012*, rural

21.4

Underweight prevalence in children under 5 (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of rural to urban

1.8

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, urban

39.3

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, rural

38.5

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

1

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, urban

74.8

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, rural

54.2

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

1.4

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, urban

40.9

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, rural

23.7

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

1.7

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2010, urban

69.8

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2010, rural

64.8

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2010, ratio of urban to rural

1.1

Definitions and data sources

Disparities By Household Wealth

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Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

45.6

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, richest 20%

61.1

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

1.3

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

34.4

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, richest 20%

58

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

1.7

Underweight prevalence in children under five (%) 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

23.5

Underweight prevalence in children under five (%) 2008-2012*, richest 20%

9.5

Underweight prevalence in children under five (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of poorest to richest

2.5

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

42.7

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, richest 20%

31.5

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

0.7

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

46.7

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, richest 20%

81.6

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

1.7

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

19.7

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, richest 20%

47.7

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

2.4

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Males 15-24 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Males 15-24 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Males 15-24 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Definitions and data sources

Early Childhood Development

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Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, total

18.1

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, male

17.2

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, female

19.1

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

12.2

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, richest 20%

31.8

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, total

48.3

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, male

49.2

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, female

47.4

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

50.1

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, richest 20%

55.1

Father's support for learning ++ 2005-2012*

21.3

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books , total

1.2

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books , poorest 20%

0.1

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books , richest 20%

4.3

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, total

42

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, poorest 20%

28

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, richest 20%

49.5

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, total

20.6

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, male

22.3

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, female

18.8

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

25.3

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, richest 20%

17.7

Definitions and data sources


 

 

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