UNICEF urgently requires US$31.8 million for the next three months to provide humanitarian support to crisis affected children and women in Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia and Djibouti.
The Horn of Africa is facing a severe crisis due to the convergent effects of the worst droughts in decades, a sharp rise in food prices, and the persistent effects of armed conflict in Somalia, which has combined to trigger one of the sharpest refugee outflows in a decade to Kenya and Ethiopia. Over ten million people are at high risk including 2.85 million persons in Somalia, 3.2 million in Ethiopia and 3.5 million in Kenya.
• Urgent life-saving actions are needed to prevent the deaths of an estimated 480,000 severely malnourished children in drought affected Kenya, Somalia Ethiopia, and Djibouti. A further 1,649,000 children are moderately malnourished. All crisis affected persons are at high risk of disease outbreaks including measles, acute watery diarrhoea and pneumonia
• Full funding will ensure that vulnerable women and children will:
- receive treatment for severe acute malnutrition through provision of Ready- to-Use-Therapeutic Food at community level or at therapeutic feeding centers
- gain access to clean water through the repair of pumping stations, digging of boreholes, chlorination of water sources and water trucking
- receive vaccines against measles, polio and other deadly diseases
- resume education through temporary learning spaces and school-in-a-box kits
UNICEF Humanitarian Action Update - Horn of Africa crisis - 8 July 2011 [pdf]
Food insecurity, along with public health hazards and displacement, are major factors impacting negatively on the health and nutritional status of children in Ethiopia. UNICEF currently estimates that 242,000 children under the age of five years will suffer from Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) during the year. Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD) and other infectious disease outbreaks occurring in parts of the country, pose an increased threat to children already suffering from malnutrition. Floods and droughts coupled with the limited supply of clean, safe drinking water, as well as poor sanitation and hygiene practices are likely to further increase the risk of infectious diseases.
UNICEF in collaboration with its partners, will continue providing access to health, nutrition, WASH and emergency referral services to 1.57 million people in Somali region, and 65,000 in Afar region, by supporting 32 Mobile Health Teams (MHT) in remote and / or conflict-affected areas of Somali and Afar regions, where no other health services are available. The emergency response includes the provision of safe water and and sanitation for 600,000 drought affected and 52,000 flood affected persons. Approximately 242,000 children suffering from Severe Acute Malnutrition will be covered by UNICEF supported roll-out of Therapeutic Feeding Programmes. UP to 50,000 children will benefit from emergency education through school rehabilitation, setting up of temporary learning centers as well as the provision of essential teaching and learning materials and training of stakeholders in emergency education.
UNICEF Ethiopia is in immediate need of US$ 18 million to respond to the most urgent needs, scaling up the response to the growing numbers of children suffering from SAM and implementing preventative measures to the AWD outbreak. The overall funding gap amounts to over USD 40.6 million or 78 per cent of requirements.
Ethiopia Humanitarian Action Update 7 August 2009 [pdf]