Eritrea

Statistics

Basic Indicators | Nutrition | Health | HIV/AIDS | Education | Demographic Indicators | Economic Indicators | Women | Child Protection | The Rate Of Progress | Adolescents | Disparities By Residence | Disparities By Household Wealth | Early Childhood Development

Basic Indicators

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Under-5 mortality rank

55

Under-5 mortality rate (U5MR), 1990

150

Under-5 mortality rate (U5MR), 2012

52

U5MR by sex 2012, male

57

U5MR by sex 2012, female

47

Infant mortality rate (under 1), 1990

92

Infant mortality rate (under 1), 2012

37

Neonatal mortality rate 2012

18

Total population (thousands) 2012

6130.9

Annual no. of births (thousands) 2012

229.5

Annual no. of under-5 deaths (thousands) 2012

11

GNI per capita (US$) 2012

450

Life expectancy at birth (years) 2012

62.3

Total adult literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*

68.9

Primary school net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2011*

36.9

Definitions and data sources

Nutrition

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Low birthweight (%) 2008-2012*

14

Early initiation of breastfeeding (%), 2008-2012*

77.9

Exclusive breastfeeding <6 months (%), 2008-2012*

52

Introduction of solid, semi-solid or soft foods 6-8 months (%), 2008-2012*

42.5

Breastfeeding at age 2 (%), 2008-2012*

61.7

Underweight (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

35

Underweight (%) 2008-2012*, severe

12.8

Stunting (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

44

Wasting (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

15

Overweight (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

1.6

Vitamin A supplementation full coverage (%) 2012

38

Iodized salt consumption (%) 2008-2012*

68

Definitions and data sources

Health

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Use of improved drinking water sources (%) 2011, total

Use of improved drinking water sources (%) 2011, urban

Use of improved drinking water sources (%) 2011, rural

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2011, total

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2011, urban

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2011, rural

3.5

Routine EPI vaccines financed by government (%) 2012

2.6

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, BCG

99

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, DPT1

99

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, DPT3

99

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, polio3

99

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, MCV

99

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, HepB3

99

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, Hib3

99

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, Newborns protected against tetanus

94

Pneumonia (%) 2008-2012*, Care seeking for suspected pneumonia

43.6

Pneumonia (%) 2008-2012*, Antibiotic treatment for suspected pneumonia

Diarrhoea (%) 2008-2012*, Treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS)

44.7

Malaria (%) 2008-2012*, Antimalarial treatment among febrile children

13.1

Malaria (%) 2008-2012*, Children sleeping under ITNs

48.9

Malaria (%) 2008-2012*, Households with at least one ITN

70.9

Definitions and data sources

HIV/AIDS

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Adult HIV prevalence (%) 2012

0.7

People of all ages living with HIV (thousands) 2012, estimate

18

People of all ages living with HIV (thousands) 2012, low

14

People of all ages living with HIV (thousands) 2012, high

24

Women living with HIV (thousands) 2012

8.8

Children living with HIV (thousands) 2012

3.1

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), HIV prevalence among young people (%) 2012, total

0.2

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), HIV prevalence among young people (%) 2012, male

0.2

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), HIV prevalence among young people (%) 2012, female

0.2

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) 2008-2012*, male

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) 2008-2012*, female

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Condom use among young people with multiple partners (%) 2008-2012*, male

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Condom use among young people with multiple partners (%) 2008-2012*, female

Orphans, Children orphaned by AIDS (thousands) 2012

21

Orphans, Children orphaned due to all causes (thousands) 2012

160

Orphans, Orphan school attendance ratio (%), 2008-2012*

Definitions and data sources

Education

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Youth (15-24 years) literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*, male

92.6

Youth (15-24 years) literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*, female

87.7

Number per 100 population 2012, mobile phones

5.5

Number per 100 population 2012, Internet users

0.8

Pre-primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008 -2012*, male

15.2

Pre-primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008 -2012*, female

14.7

Primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

51

Primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

42.1

Primary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

39.6

Primary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

34.2

Primary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

69.3

Primary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

64.3

Primary school participation, Survival rate to last primary grade (%) , 2008-2012*, admin. data

69

Primary school participation, Survival rate to last primary grade (%) , 2008-2012*, survey data

Secondary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

31.7

Secondary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

25.4

Secondary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

22.7

Secondary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

20.9

Definitions and data sources

Demographic Indicators

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Population (thousands) 2012, total

6130.9

Population (thousands) 2012, under 18

3021.3

Population (thousands) 2012, under 5

1033.9

Population annual growth rate (%), 1990-2012

2.9

Population annual growth rate (%), 2012-2030

2.6

Crude death rate, 1970

21.6

Crude death rate, 1990

15.1

Crude death rate, 2012

7

Crude birth rate, 1970

47.1

Crude birth rate, 1990

44.6

Crude birth rate, 2012

37.4

Life expectancy, 1970

40.5

Life expectancy, 1990

48.2

Life expectancy, 2012

62.3

Total fertility rate, 2012

4.8

Urbanized population (%), 2012

21.8

Average annual growth rate of urban population (%), 1990-2012

4.3

Average annual growth rate of urban population (%), 2012-2030

4.6

Definitions and data sources

Economic Indicators

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GNI per capita 2012, US$

450

GNI per capita 2012, PPP US$

560

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1970-1990

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1990-2012

-1

Average annual rate of inflation (%) 1990-2012

13.5

Population below international poverty line of US$1.25 per day (%) 2007-2011*

Public spending as a % of GDP (2007-2011*) allocated to: health

1.2

Public spending as a % of GDP (2008-2010*) allocated to: education

Public spending as a % of GDP (2008-2010*) allocated to: military

ODA inflow in millions US$ 2010

135.1

ODA inflow as a % of recipient GNI 2010

5.2

Debt service as a % of exports of goods and services 2010

Share of household income (%, 2007-2011*), poorest 40%

Share of household income (%, 2007-2011*), richest 20%

Definitions and data sources

Women

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Life expectancy: females as a % of males 2012

107.8

Adult literacy rate: females as a % of males 2008-2012*

74.3

Enrolment ratios: females as a % of males 2008-2012*, Primary GER

82.6

Enrolment ratios: females as a % of males 2008-2012*, Secondary GER

78.1

Survival rate to the last grade of primary: females as a % of males 2008-2012*

94.3

Contraceptive prevalence (%) 2008-2012*

8

Antenatal care (%) 2008-2012*, At least one visit

70.3

Antenatal care (%) 2008-2012*, At least four visits

40.9

Delivery care (%) 2008-2012*, Skilled attendant at birth

28.3

Delivery care (%) 2008-2012*, Institutional delivery

26.4

Delivery care (%) 2008-2012*, C-section

2.7

Maternal mortality ratio , 2008-2012*, Reported

Maternal mortality ratio , 2010, Adjusted

240

Maternal mortality ratio , 2010, Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in:)

86

Definitions and data sources

Child Protection

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Child labour (%) + 2002-2012*, , total

Child labour (%) + 2002-2012*, , male

Child labour (%) + 2002-2012*, , female

Child marriage (%) 2002-2012*, married by 15

19.6

Child marriage (%) 2002-2012*, married by 18

47

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, total

Female genital mutilation/cutting (%) 2002-2012*, prevalence, women a

88.7

Female genital mutilation/cutting (%) 2002-2012*, prevalence, daughtersb

62.5

Female genital mutilation/cutting (%) 2002-2012*, attitudes, support for the practicec

48.8

Justification of wife-beating (%) 2002-2012*, male

Justification of wife-beating (%) 2002-2012*, female

70.7

Violent discipline (%) + 2005-2012*, total

Violent discipline (%) + 2005-2012*, male

Violent discipline (%) + 2005-2012*, female

Definitions and data sources

The Rate Of Progress

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Under-5 mortality rank

55

Under-5 mortality rate, , 1970

215

Under-5 mortality rate, , 1990

150

Under-5 mortality rate, , 2000

89

Under-5 mortality rate, , 2012

52

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 1970-1990

1.8

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 1990-2000

5.2

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 2000-2012

4.5

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 1990-2012

4.8

Reduction since 1990 (%)

65

Reduction since 2000 (%)

42

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1970-1990

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1990-2012

-1

Total fertility rate, 1970

6.7

Total fertility rate, 1990

6.5

Total fertility rate, 2012

4.8

Average annual rate of reduction (%) Total fertility rate, 1970-1990

0.1

Average annual rate of reduction (%) Total fertility rate, 1990-2012

1.4

Definitions and data sources

Adolescents

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Population aged 10-19, Thousands 2012

1343.6

Population aged 10-19, Proportion of total population (%) 2012

21.9

Adolescents currently married/ in union (%) 2002-2012* , male

Adolescents currently married/ in union (%) 2002-2012* , female

29

Births by age 18 (%) 2008-2012*

25.4

Adolescent birth rate 2006-2010*

85.2

Justification of wife-beating among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, male

Justification of wife-beating among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, female

69.9

Use of mass media among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, male

Use of mass media among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, female

85.2

Lower secondary school gross enrolment ratio 2008-2012*

44.6

Upper secondary school gross enrolment ratio 2008-2012*

23.1

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV among adolescents (%) 2008-2012*, male

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV among adolescents (%) 2008-2012*, female

Definitions and data sources

Disparities By Residence

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Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, urban

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, rural

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, urban

64.7

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, rural

10.4

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

6.2

Underweight prevalence in children under 5 (%) 2008-2012*, urban

23

Underweight prevalence in children under 5 (%) 2008-2012*, rural

40

Underweight prevalence in children under 5 (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of rural to urban

1.7

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, urban

58.9

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, rural

39.3

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

1.5

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, urban

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, rural

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, urban

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, rural

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2010, urban

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2010, rural

3.5

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2010, ratio of urban to rural

Definitions and data sources

Disparities By Household Wealth

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Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, richest 20%

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

6.7

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, richest 20%

81

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

12.1

Underweight prevalence in children under five (%) 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Underweight prevalence in children under five (%) 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Underweight prevalence in children under five (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of poorest to richest

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Males 15-24 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Males 15-24 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Males 15-24 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Definitions and data sources

Early Childhood Development

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Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, total

-

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, male

-

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, female

-

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

-

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, richest 20%

-

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, total

-

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, male

-

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, female

-

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

-

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, richest 20%

-

Father's support for learning ++ 2005-2012*

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books , total

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books , poorest 20%

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books , richest 20%

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, total

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, poorest 20%

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, richest 20%

-

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, total

-

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, male

-

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, female

-

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

-

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, richest 20%

-

Definitions and data sources


 

 

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