At a glance: El Salvador

Statistics

Basic Indicators | Nutrition | Health | HIV/AIDS | Education | Demographic Indicators | Economic Indicators | Women | Child Protection | The Rate Of Progress | Adolescents | Disparities By Residence | Disparities By Household Wealth | Early Childhood Development

Basic Indicators

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Under-5 mortality rank

112

Under-5 mortality rate (U5MR), 1990

59

Under-5 mortality rate (U5MR), 2012

16

U5MR by sex 2012, male

18

U5MR by sex 2012, female

14

Infant mortality rate (under 1), 1990

46

Infant mortality rate (under 1), 2012

14

Neonatal mortality rate 2012

6

Total population (thousands) 2012

6297.4

Annual no. of births (thousands) 2012

127.6

Annual no. of under-5 deaths (thousands) 2012

2

GNI per capita (US$) 2012

3580

Life expectancy at birth (years) 2012

72.4

Total adult literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*

84.5

Primary school net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2011*

95.8

Definitions and data sources

Nutrition

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Low birthweight (%) 2008-2012*

8.7

Early initiation of breastfeeding (%), 2008-2012*

32.8

Exclusive breastfeeding <6 months (%), 2008-2012*

31.4

Introduction of solid, semi-solid or soft foods 6-8 months (%), 2008-2012*

79.9

Breastfeeding at age 2 (%), 2008-2012*

54

Underweight (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

5.5

Underweight (%) 2008-2012*, severe

0.7

Stunting (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

19.2

Wasting (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

1

Overweight (%) 2008-2012*, moderate & severe

6

Vitamin A supplementation full coverage (%) 2012

81

Iodized salt consumption (%) 2008-2012*

62

Definitions and data sources

Health

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Use of improved drinking water sources (%) 2011, total

89.7

Use of improved drinking water sources (%) 2011, urban

94.2

Use of improved drinking water sources (%) 2011, rural

81.4

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2011, total

70

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2011, urban

79.4

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2011, rural

52.6

Routine EPI vaccines financed by government (%) 2012

100

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, BCG

90

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, DPT1

92

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, DPT3

92

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, polio3

92

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, MCV

93

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, HepB3

92

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, Hib3

92

Immunization coverage (%) 2012, Newborns protected against tetanus

90

Pneumonia (%) 2008-2012*, Care seeking for suspected pneumonia

67

Pneumonia (%) 2008-2012*, Antibiotic treatment for suspected pneumonia

50.8

Diarrhoea (%) 2008-2012*, Treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS)

57.6

Malaria (%) 2008-2012*, Antimalarial treatment among febrile children

Malaria (%) 2008-2012*, Children sleeping under ITNs

Malaria (%) 2008-2012*, Households with at least one ITN

Definitions and data sources

HIV/AIDS

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Adult HIV prevalence (%) 2012

0.6

People of all ages living with HIV (thousands) 2012, estimate

25

People of all ages living with HIV (thousands) 2012, low

16

People of all ages living with HIV (thousands) 2012, high

45

Women living with HIV (thousands) 2012

9

Children living with HIV (thousands) 2012

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), HIV prevalence among young people (%) 2012, total

0.2

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), HIV prevalence among young people (%) 2012, male

0.3

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), HIV prevalence among young people (%) 2012, female

0.2

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) 2008-2012*, male

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) 2008-2012*, female

27.3

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Condom use among young people with multiple partners (%) 2008-2012*, male

Prevention among young people (aged 15-24), Condom use among young people with multiple partners (%) 2008-2012*, female

Orphans, Children orphaned by AIDS (thousands) 2012

Orphans, Children orphaned due to all causes (thousands) 2012

Orphans, Orphan school attendance ratio (%), 2008-2012*

Definitions and data sources

Education

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Youth (15-24 years) literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*, male

95.7

Youth (15-24 years) literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*, female

96.4

Number per 100 population 2012, mobile phones

138.1

Number per 100 population 2012, Internet users

25.5

Pre-primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008 -2012*, male

62.7

Pre-primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008 -2012*, female

64.4

Primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

117.1

Primary school participation, Gross enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

111.7

Primary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

95.8

Primary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

95.9

Primary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

Primary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

Primary school participation, Survival rate to last primary grade (%) , 2008-2012*, admin. data

84

Primary school participation, Survival rate to last primary grade (%) , 2008-2012*, survey data

Secondary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

59.3

Secondary school participation, Net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

60.8

Secondary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, male

Secondary school participation, Net attendance ratio (%) 2008-2012*, female

Definitions and data sources

Demographic Indicators

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Population (thousands) 2012, total

6297.4

Population (thousands) 2012, under 18

2378.5

Population (thousands) 2012, under 5

639.4

Population annual growth rate (%), 1990-2012

0.7

Population annual growth rate (%), 2012-2030

0.5

Crude death rate, 1970

12.8

Crude death rate, 1990

7.5

Crude death rate, 2012

6.5

Crude birth rate, 1970

43.4

Crude birth rate, 1990

31.8

Crude birth rate, 2012

20.2

Life expectancy, 1970

56.5

Life expectancy, 1990

65.9

Life expectancy, 2012

72.4

Total fertility rate, 2012

2.2

Urbanized population (%), 2012

65.3

Average annual growth rate of urban population (%), 1990-2012

2

Average annual growth rate of urban population (%), 2012-2030

1.1

Definitions and data sources

Economic Indicators

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GNI per capita 2012, US$

3580

GNI per capita 2012, PPP US$

6790

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1970-1990

-1.9

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1990-2012

2.3

Average annual rate of inflation (%) 1990-2012

4

Population below international poverty line of US$1.25 per day (%) 2007-2011*

9

Public spending as a % of GDP (2007-2011*) allocated to: health

4.3

Public spending as a % of GDP (2008-2010*) allocated to: education

3.4

Public spending as a % of GDP (2008-2010*) allocated to: military

1

ODA inflow in millions US$ 2010

280.8

ODA inflow as a % of recipient GNI 2010

1.3

Debt service as a % of exports of goods and services 2010

12.8

Share of household income (%, 2007-2011*), poorest 40%

13

Share of household income (%, 2007-2011*), richest 20%

53

Definitions and data sources

Women

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Life expectancy: females as a % of males 2012

113.8

Adult literacy rate: females as a % of males 2008-2012*

94.5

Enrolment ratios: females as a % of males 2008-2012*, Primary GER

95.4

Enrolment ratios: females as a % of males 2008-2012*, Secondary GER

100.2

Survival rate to the last grade of primary: females as a % of males 2008-2012*

104.9

Contraceptive prevalence (%) 2008-2012*

72.5

Antenatal care (%) 2008-2012*, At least one visit

94

Antenatal care (%) 2008-2012*, At least four visits

78.3

Delivery care (%) 2008-2012*, Skilled attendant at birth

95.5

Delivery care (%) 2008-2012*, Institutional delivery

84.6

Delivery care (%) 2008-2012*, C-section

24.9

Maternal mortality ratio , 2008-2012*, Reported

50.8

Maternal mortality ratio , 2010, Adjusted

81

Maternal mortality ratio , 2010, Lifetime risk of maternal death (1 in:)

490

Definitions and data sources

Child Protection

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Child labour (%) + 2002-2012*, , total

10.4

Child labour (%) + 2002-2012*, , male

Child labour (%) + 2002-2012*, , female

Child marriage (%) 2002-2012*, married by 15

5

Child marriage (%) 2002-2012*, married by 18

25.4

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, total

98.6

Female genital mutilation/cutting (%) 2002-2012*, prevalence, women a

Female genital mutilation/cutting (%) 2002-2012*, prevalence, daughtersb

Female genital mutilation/cutting (%) 2002-2012*, attitudes, support for the practicec

Justification of wife-beating (%) 2002-2012*, male

Justification of wife-beating (%) 2002-2012*, female

Violent discipline (%) + 2005-2012*, total

Violent discipline (%) + 2005-2012*, male

Violent discipline (%) + 2005-2012*, female

Definitions and data sources

The Rate Of Progress

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Under-5 mortality rank

112

Under-5 mortality rate, , 1970

154

Under-5 mortality rate, , 1990

59

Under-5 mortality rate, , 2000

32

Under-5 mortality rate, , 2012

16

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 1970-1990

4.8

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 1990-2000

6.2

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 2000-2012

5.8

Annual rate of reduction (%) Under-5 mortality rate, 1990-2012

6

Reduction since 1990 (%)

73

Reduction since 2000 (%)

50

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1970-1990

-1.9

GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%), 1990-2012

2.3

Total fertility rate, 1970

6.2

Total fertility rate, 1990

4

Total fertility rate, 2012

2.2

Average annual rate of reduction (%) Total fertility rate, 1970-1990

2.3

Average annual rate of reduction (%) Total fertility rate, 1990-2012

2.6

Definitions and data sources

Adolescents

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Population aged 10-19, Thousands 2012

1425.2

Population aged 10-19, Proportion of total population (%) 2012

22.6

Adolescents currently married/ in union (%) 2002-2012* , male

Adolescents currently married/ in union (%) 2002-2012* , female

20.7

Births by age 18 (%) 2008-2012*

Adolescent birth rate 2006-2010*

64.8

Justification of wife-beating among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, male

Justification of wife-beating among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, female

Use of mass media among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, male

Use of mass media among adolescents (%) 2002-2012*, female

Lower secondary school gross enrolment ratio 2008-2012*

88.7

Upper secondary school gross enrolment ratio 2008-2012*

46.1

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV among adolescents (%) 2008-2012*, male

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV among adolescents (%) 2008-2012*, female

Definitions and data sources

Disparities By Residence

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Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, urban

98.6

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, rural

98.7

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

1

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, urban

97.4

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, rural

93.8

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

1

Underweight prevalence in children under 5 (%) 2008-2012*, urban

3.6

Underweight prevalence in children under 5 (%) 2008-2012*, rural

7.2

Underweight prevalence in children under 5 (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of rural to urban

2

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, urban

59.5

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, rural

56.3

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

1.1

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, urban

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, rural

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, urban

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, rural

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, ratio of urban to rural

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2010, urban

79.4

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2010, rural

52.6

Use of improved sanitation facilities (%) 2010, ratio of urban to rural

1.5

Definitions and data sources

Disparities By Household Wealth

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Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

98

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, richest 20%

99.1

Birth registration (%) 2005-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

1

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

90.9

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, richest 20%

98

Skilled attendant at birth (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

1.1

Underweight prevalence in children under five (%) 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

11.6

Underweight prevalence in children under five (%) 2008-2012*, richest 20%

0.9

Underweight prevalence in children under five (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of poorest to richest

12.9

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Diarrhoea treatment with oral rehydration salts (ORS) (%) 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Primary school net attendance ratio 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Females 15-24 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Males 15-24 2008-2012*, poorest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Males 15-24 2008-2012*, richest 20%

Comprehensive knowledge of HIV (%) Males 15-24 2008-2012*, ratio of richest to poorest

Definitions and data sources

Early Childhood Development

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Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, total

-

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, male

-

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, female

-

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

-

Attendance in early childhood education 2005-2012*, richest 20%

-

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, total

-

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, male

-

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, female

-

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

-

Adult support for learning ++ 2005-2012*, richest 20%

-

Father's support for learning ++ 2005-2012*

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books , total

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books , poorest 20%

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Children's books , richest 20%

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, total

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, poorest 20%

-

Learning materials at home 2005-2012*, Playthings ++, richest 20%

-

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, total

-

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, male

-

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, female

-

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, poorest 20%

-

Children left in inadequate care 2005-2012*, richest 20%

-

Definitions and data sources


 

 

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