Croatia

Background


Click for a detailed map (PDF)

This map does not reflect a position by UNICEF on the legal status of any country or territory or the delimitation of any frontiers.

As its democratic institutions have matured, Croatia has become a candidate for high membership in the European Union. Because Croatia is a middle-income nation with a stable market economy, the support of Croatian donors and business partners has been vital to achieving results for the nation’s 990,000 children.

Issues facing children in Croatia

  • Many children are placed in institutions, where they grow up deprived of the nurturing, support and guidance that a family setting could provide.

  • Unemployment rates are exceptionally high for young people under age 24. 

  • The issues of physical violence and verbal abuse at school have received

Activities and results for children

  • The Croatian Government has created a network of community-based Family Centres to provide education and counselling for parents.

  • Recent media coverage has focused national attention on the need for a strong response to child abuse, neglect and abandonment. 

  • A six-year National Plan of Action for Children has been drafted, with input and support from UNICEF. 

  • Participation in UNICEF’s ‘Violence-Free Schools’ project has expanded to 216 schools, where teachers, counsellors, students and the local community are trained to implement a UNICEF model that significantly decreases bullying and abuse. To date, 110 schools have been certified as ‘violence free.’

  • Zagreb’s major school of social work is now training professionals to practice effective early interventions with dysfunctional families.

  • A recent, hugely successful advocacy campaign called ‘Every Child Needs a Family’ employed billboards, TV talk shows, radio commercials, concerts and celebrity appearances to stimulate discussion about the damaging effects of institutional care on children. Tremendous public support was generated for creating a new foster-care system. Hundreds of potential new foster families offered to care for young children in need.


 

 

Basic Indicators

Under-5 mortality rank

161

Under-5 mortality rate (U5MR), 1990

13

Under-5 mortality rate (U5MR), 2012

5

U5MR by sex 2012, male

5

U5MR by sex 2012, female

4

Infant mortality rate (under 1), 1990

11

Infant mortality rate (under 1), 2012

4

Neonatal mortality rate 2012

3

Total population (thousands) 2012

4307.4

Annual no. of births (thousands) 2012

41

Annual no. of under-5 deaths (thousands) 2012

0

GNI per capita (US$) 2012

13290

Life expectancy at birth (years) 2012

76.9

Total adult literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*

98.9

Primary school net enrolment ratio (%) 2008-2011*

95.9

Definitions and data sources [popup]

Source: The State of the World's Children

New enhanced search