UNICEF urgently requires US$ 67 million to address the immediate needs of children and women affected by the Sahel nutrition crisis in the first half of 2012, which is part of UNICEF’s total 2012 requirements of US$ 120 million
· An emergency response is needed to treat an estimated caseload of over 1 million children who will suffer from severe acute malnutrition in 2012.
· The Sahel nutrition crisis and UNICEF’s emergency response covers the entire territories of Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger and the northern regions of Cameroon, Nigeria and Senegal.
· Over 2012, UNICEF’s response will focus on nutrition together with health, water, sanitation and hygiene, HIV, communication for development, and complementary actions on education, child protection, and social protection.
· UNICEF is also reviewing the needs for the treatment of children who will suffer from moderate acute malnutrition in coordination with WFP. UNICEF plans will be updated once the scale of our role has been determined.
At the bottom of the development scale, children of the Sahel are facing an especially severe nutritional crisis. Over 1 million children will suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in 2012, exacerbated by and complicating further needs in health, water and sanitation, protection, as well as threatening rights to education. Humanitarian needs cut across the Sahel belt, and include the entire countries of Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger and the northern regions of Cameroon, Nigeria and Senegal. The majority of child deaths in the Sahel are due to lack of effective systems to address the nutrition, health and water and sanitation needs of women and children, as well as insufficient access to basic social services such as education, with school dropouts linked to population movements, among other factors.
This Humanitarian Action Update provides an overview of the situation and requirements to respond to the nutrition crisis in the Sahel. It also includes other complementary programme sectors to ensure an integrated response. The total requirements for the full year of 2012, as well as the priority needs are presented below for the first 6 months of UNICEF's humanitarian operations in Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, and the West and Central Africa Regional Office. While the total requirements for 2012 are approximately USD $120 million, the priority needs for the period covering January through June 2012 total approximately USD $67 million. This humanitarian action update considers needs currently outlined in both UNICEF’s Humanitarian Action for Children 2012 (HAC) and in the Consolidated Appeals for Chad and Niger, but also reflects additional requirements to scale-up responses in light of the current deteriorating situation across Sahel belt countries.