Brazil

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© UNICEF/Brazil/João Ripper
In Brazil, more than 84% of the population lives in urban areas. UNICEF and its partners works in the Brazilian major cities to reduce the inequalities that affect the lives of their children and adolescents.

Brazil is the fifth most populous country in the world, with more than 195 million people, of which approximately 30 per cent are under 18 years of age.

Since 1950, UNICEF has participated in important children’s rights achievements in the country, including having had active roles in advocating for the approval of the Brazilian Statute of the Child and Adolescent; designing strategies that have eradicated polio and reduced child mortality; promoting school feeding programs; and successfully advocating for the extension of the compulsory education age range of 4–17 years of age (previously 6–14).

Even though the country is 1 of the 10 largest economies in the world, Brazil faces major challenges to reduce social inequalities. UNICEF works to make equal rights a reality for all children and adolescents, regardless of gender, race or ethnicity, socioeconomic status, place of birth or personal condition, with focus on those most vulnerable.

Currently, much of UNICEF’s programming in Brazil focuses on reducing inequalities in three large territories: the semi-arid region, the Brazilian Amazon and the poorest areas within large urban centres such as Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. Through the Municipal Seal of Approval, UNICEF works directly with more than 1,700 small- to medium-sized municipalities in the semi-arid region and the Brazilian Amazon to guarantee the rights of every girl and boy living there. With the Urban Centers Platform strategy, UNICEF works to reduce the inequalities that persist within larger cities.

The work of UNICEF in Brazil relies on important partnerships with the Government, the private sector and civil society. At its core, UNICEF advocates for the rights that all children and adolescents have to survive and develop, to learn, to play and practise sports, to grow up without violence, to be protected from HIV/AIDS and to be a top priority in public policies.


 

 

 

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