|A girl who is blind reads a text in Braille at a primary school in Moroto District, Uganda.|
By Rudina Vojvoda
NEW YORK, USA, 14 June 2012 –The Day of the African Child commemorates the day in 1976 when hundreds of black schoolchildren were killed in Soweto, South Africa, as they took to the streets to protest against an inferior education system and to advocate for the right to be taught in their own language.
The theme of this year’s Day of the African Child, selected by the African Union, is ‘The Rights of Children with Disabilities: The Duty to Protect, Respect, Promote and Fulfil’. To commemorate the 22nd anniversary of this Day, UNICEF Podcast moderator Femi Oke spoke with Shuaib Chalklen, UN Special Rapporteur on Disability of the Commission for Social Development.
Stronger political will needed for inclusive education
Many children living with disabilities are denied their right to education. They are also more likely to drop out of school and have lower learning achievements than other children. According to Mr. Chalklen, one of the main underlying factors behind this grim situation is lack of political will.
“That was a great failure of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), that it didn’t specify the need to include children with disabilities in education,” he said. He stressed that the only way to move forward is to strengthen the political will and turn it into real, achievable programmes in education, health care and other areas aimed at improving accessibility and the well-being of children living with disabilities.
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) puts governments under the obligation to provide education free from discrimination. Yet many African countries have failed to fulfill this obligation, and children with disabilities are left out of the education system.
Commenting on the cost of inclusive education, Mr. Chalklen said, “I think it’s affordable and there are schools everywhere in Africa. If it is from the start designed to be accessible, it becomes cheaper.” He added that training teachers for inclusive schools and teaching a diversity of learners is a serious challenge that needs to be addressed.
|Denis Komakech, 17, a blind student, uses his laptop at Gulu High School, northern Uganda, an inclusive school with a special needs annex for children who are blind.|
Despite difficulties, the last decades have marked significant progress in advancing the rights of persons with disabilities in Africa. Twenty-nine countries have ratified the CRPD, and Mr. Chalklen believes others will join in the future. “It’s a small jump, but let me add that organizations for disabled persons are growing and strengthening as well. That is progress,” he said.
He called on governments, donors and lawmakers to make a commitment to the disability cause. “Implementing the Convention is not so difficult, and you do have the resources. I don’t believe that any country in Africa can say that they don’t have the resources to spend on inclusive education or health care, to spend on the needs of the population,” Mr. Chalklen said.
A powerful advocate
Baba Diri Margaret was only 15 when she lost sight due to glaucoma. Unable to continue to work, she returned at her home village in Uganda where she joined the disability movement.
Today, Ms. Baba Diri is an Honourable Member of the Ugandan Parliament and a central figure of the disability movement in her country. She told podcast moderator Kathryn Herzog that children with disabilities in Uganda face many challenges such as being neglected by their parents, stigmatized by society, and lacking access to proper medical care, and they are excluded from education.
“But people with disabilities are beautiful,” she said. “We need to give children with disabilities the opportunity to talk about themselves, to talk about their challenges and what can be done.”
'Beyond School Books'
The following stories are part of the 'Beyond School Books' series focusing on education during emergencies.
Segment #75: UN Special Adviser says gender equality and girls' education critical in post-2015 goals
Segment #74: Young people provide strategic advice on education issues
Segment #73: Girls advocate for girls' education and gender equality