By Kristin Taylor
During the past school year, almost two million Syrian children aged 6–15 dropped out of school because of conflict and displacement. Despite efforts to provide Syrian children with uninterrupted learning, education remains the most underfunded sector of the response.
NEW YORK, United States of America, 24 September 2013 – A roundtable discussion on the educational needs of Syrian refugee children in Lebanon is among events on the agenda of United Nations Special Envoy for Global Education, and former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Gordon Brown, during the 68th session of the United Nations General Assembly. Mr. Brown’s role as Special Envoy includes garnering support for Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon’s Global Education First Initiative, which strives to achieve quality education for all children.
|Syrian children discuss escaping violence in the Syrian Arab Republic and their situation in Lebanon as refugees. Watch in RealPlayer|
That goal is in jeopardy in Lebanon, where, despite a lack of formal refugee camps, more than 756,630 Syrians are now staying – in rented accommodations, in the homes of Lebanese families, in informal tent settlements. Far flung across the country, these refugees are proving difficult to reach with humanitarian assistance, including education services.
Syrian conflict – an education crisis
Now in its third year, the Syrian conflict continues to escalate with no end in sight. More than 4.25 million people have been displaced internally, and of the many who have been faced with the choice between remaining in the country or fleeing, indefinitely, to safety, more than 2.1 million have chosen the latter. Now living in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan and Turkey, as well as in Lebanon, more than half of these refugees are children.
|Syrian child refugees attend school in Lebanon's Bekaa Valley. Because of a lack of formal refugee camps in the country, Syrians are proving difficult to reach with humanitarian assistance, including education.|
Before the crisis, the rate of primary school enrolment in the Syrian Arab Republic had surpassed 90 per cent. But, education has not been spared, amid the disintegration of other vital infrastructure. During the past school year, almost two million Syrian children aged 6–15 dropped out of school because of conflict and displacement. While many have become refugees, more than half – one million children – remain out of school inside the Syrian Arab Republic.
In areas with educational facilities, security concerns often leave parents reluctant to send their children to school. And still other children arrive in the classroom to find that psychological stressors have compromised their potential to thrive there.
Many Syrians abroad fled with little or nothing more than the clothes on their backs, school supplies left among the rubble. They arrive in overcrowded camps and host communities, where school systems have been stretched to capacity as they work to accommodate the influx of children.
UNICEF in action
UNICEF has long been at the forefront of efforts to ensure that Syrian children remain in school. Even in sites of protracted violence, remedial classes are helping children bridge the gaps caused by interrupted school attendance. School clubs throughout the country are providing education and psychosocial support.
|Fleeing violence, Syrians journey toward the border with neighbouring Turkey, where they are planning to take refuge. More than 2.1 million Syrian refugees are now living in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey.|
Summer camps in Lebanon have helped Syrian children overcome the language barriers they face in Lebanese classrooms, where mathematics and science are taught in English or French.
In Turkey, UNICEF has supported training for educators, who are themselves struggling to meet the unique needs of refugee children.
Earlier this month, as the start of a new academic year approached in the Syrian Arabic Republic and neighbouring countries, UNICEF boosted efforts to ensure children return safely to learning. In Jordan, a Back to School campaign called on peer educators as well as community and religious leaders to promote school enrolment.
Amid UNICEF’s ongoing emergency response in Iraq, local children have also pitched in, raising enough money to buy school supplies for their Syrian peers in the new Arbat refugee camp.
Needs still urgent
Despite these and other efforts, needs are increasingly critical. Of the US$470.65 million UNICEF requires for response in the Syrian Arabic Republic and neighbouring countries, education remains the most underfunded sector, with over 63 per cent of needs unmet.
|A Syrian girl attends a UNICEF-supported school in Jordan. Of the US$470.65 million UNICEF requires for response in the Syrian Arabic Republic and neighbouring countries, education remains the most underfunded sector.|
As the conflict rages on, denying more children their right to education, it is hampering not only their intellectual growth, but also their future opportunities. When it begins, someday, the Syrian Arab Republic’s road to recovery will be long – and an educated citizenry is what the country will most require as it finds its way.
Millennium Development Goal 2 is Achieve universal primary education. Among the key interventions necessary to ensuring that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling, is to ensure safe and protective access to quality education in humanitarian emergencies.
More information on progress towards achieving the Millennium Development Goal targets and remaining challenges
UNICEF priorities during the UN General Assembly
Progress towards ending preventable child deaths (press release)