Water, sanitation and hygiene
Tackling poor quality of water, the low coverage of adequate sanitation and poor hygiene practices are key parts of UNICEF's work in Indonesia, as these challenges have an impact on child and family health, nutrition and educational attainment.
We support initiatives that enable communities to play a leading role in developing and managing “community-based total sanitation”; that is where five main pillars of sanitation are properly addressed – stopping open defecation, promoting washing hands with soap, improving household water treatment, proper management of solid waste and proper handling of liquid waste and drainage. Tackling the low coverage of adequate sanitation and poor hygiene practices are key parts of UNICEF’s work in Indonesia
UNICEF works with local governments and communities to develop models of good practice for community sanitation programmes, sharing expertise and building capacities toimplement the five pillars, and then helping communities to capture their experiences and share these with others to replicate.
UNICEF also provides technical support to the government to develop better policies for water and sanitation in urban areas, where increased population sizes and over-stretched public resources are placing increasing pressure on facilities.
Knowing that children can be very effective in changing behaviours within their broader communities, we also support school-based sanitation and hygiene initiatives through the provision of guidance on how to improve sanitation facilities in schools and to develop and implement effective hygiene promotion in classes. This not only helps to promote good hygiene and the importance of proper sanitation throughout a community, but improves the physical learning environment so that children are encouraged to attend, and then perform better, at school.