Results of household survey show progress and disparities alike in Papua and West Papua
Jakarta, 18 Desember 2012 – The Indonesia Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2011 report, was launched today in Jakarta. The survey was carried out in 2011 in cooperation with Statistisc Office (BPS), in six selected districts in Papua and West Papua provinces. It provides a comprehensive, updated picture of the situation of children and women, including the identification of vulnerable groups and disparities, to inform policies and interventions.
MICS provides countries with the opportunity to monitor progress toward national goals and global commitments, including the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), as the target year 2015 approaches. It was designed to provide estimates for a large number of indicators on the situation of children and women at the district level.
Data have been collected from more than 5,913 households. About 5,499 women between the age of 15 and 49 years were interviewed for the survey. In addition, questionnaires were completed for 5,304 eligible men and 1,354 children under five. The six districts included in the survey are Merauke, Jayawijaya, Biak Numfor (Papua), Kaimana, Manokwari and Sorong (Papua Barat).
In the area of child discipline, an alarming 9 out of 10 children in Jayawijaya and more than 8 out of 10 children in Manokwari,reported experiencing severe violent disciplinary methods. A high proportion of women also reported acceptance of domestic violence in these areas. Six out of ten women in Jayawijaya, believed that husbands are justified in beating their wives. This proportion was the lowest in Sorong with three out of ten women.
In the area of immunization, the report shows that the proportion of fully immunized children aged 12 – 23 months is the highest in Merauke, with a little over five out of ten children fully immunized, but there are about one in five fully immunized children in Jayawijaya.
In the field of water and sanitation, the MICS findings reveal, that only three out of ten households in Jayawijaya were using an improved source of drinking water, compared to eight out of ten households in Sorong.
When it comes to breastfeeding rates, the report indicates that about one in five children are breastfed in Manokwari, and Jayawijaya has the highest rate of exclusive breastfeeding with about three out of five children. The survey also provides data on women's reproductive health. For example, the coverage of antenatal care is the lowest in Jayawijaya, just over a third of women reported receiving four or more visits. Whereas the highest coverage was found in Merauke, with nine out of ten women who had four or more antenatal care visits.
A similar pattern as antenatal care is seen in the case of delivery by skilled health personnel. Only one third of births occurring in the two years preceding the survey, were delivered by skilled health personnel in Jayawijaya. This proportion is higher in Merauke, with over eight out of ten births delivered by skilled health personnel.
“With data on more than 22 indicators from the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) collected and a total of around 90 indicators relating to women and children incorporated in the survey, the Indonesia 2011 MICS provides important quantitative data that reflect the achievements of the implementation of women and children related programmes in Indonesia,” said Dr. Nina Sardjunani, Deputy Minister of Bappenas.
“The data generated by the MICS 2011, will allow policymakers to identify and target their resources to those population groups that are in most need of attention and should be the focus of collective development efforts. This would allow the benefits of Indonesia’s economic growth to reach women and children in all economic and social groups,” she added.
MICS is an international household survey initiative, which UNICEF has used since the mid-1990s to assist countries in collecting and analysing data, in order to monitor the situation of children and women. This is the third round of MICS in Indonesia, following those in 1995 and 2000.
MICS findings have been used extensively as a basis for policy decisions and programme interventions, and for the purpose of stimulating public discussion on the living conditions of children and women. Results from the MICS will allow Indonesia to better monitor progress toward national goals and global commitments, including the Millennium Development Goals, in Papua and West Papua, as the 2015 target year approaches.
"In-depth analysis of the MICS data will provide scientific evidence for the formulation of policies and programmes across a wide range of human development programs. This will work hand-in hand with data and analysis from other major sources of information such as the Population Census, and SUSENAS, and RISKESDAS, It is critical to utilise data from these sources to establish sound baselines against which development progress can be measured, and results demonstrated,” said Angela Kearney, UNICEF Indonesia Representative.
“Not only do we now know that there are women and children deprived of many services but we know exactly which services they are. UNICEF looks forward to supporting the Government to develop national social policies, plans and interventions that concretely meet the needs of children, especially the most vulnerable and marginalized,” she added.
Across all sectors in the report, major disparities exist due to the demographic and geographic characteristics of respondents. There are often dramatic differences found between urban and rural areas, by the socio-economic status of households, and by district.
The full MICS report will be available at the Badan Pusat Statistics website (www.bps.go.id).
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