Education and youth
Indonesia has made tremendous progress in ensuring primary school children get an education - some 97 per cent of children aged between 7 and 12 years old are attending classes across the country.
However, 2.5 million Indonesian children who should be in school are not - 600,000 of primary school age and 1.9 million of junior secondary school age (13-15 years).
Looking at statistics from the provincial and district levels shows that certain groups of children are worst affectedNearly half of all children from poor families do not move too junior secondary school - children from the poorest households are 4 times more likely to be out of school than those in the richest. Nearly 3 per cent of primary aged children in rural areas do not attend school compared to just over 1 per cent in urban areas.
Of those who do go to primary school, nearly 1 in 5 rural children do not move on from primary to junior secondary, compared to 1 in 10 urban children.
The probability of being out of school is 20 times higher for children whose mother has no education than for those whose mother has tertiary education; if this is proven to be a ongoing phenomena then there are major implications for Indonesia’s long-term growth, if lack of education moves from one generation to another.
Understanding and responding to these inequities is central to UNICEF’s work in education, including: