UNICEF Resource Centre

Fact Sheets



Papers on Equity and Inclusiveness

Inclusion by Design -UNICEF India’s Approach to Equity

UNICEF India Country Office’s current Country Programme recognises social exclusion as a denial of the right to full participation in one’s society, which in turn has adverse instrumental and intrinsic effects on the quality of an individual’s life. Though the end UNICEF India’s Concern with Social Exclusion outcomes may be similar, the underlying causes for the exclusion of different groups are likely to be different, based on a combination of historical and sociological factors.

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Understanding Capacity-Building Needs: Current Models for Excluded Communities

This paper is based on a recently initiated analytical assessment of ‘capacity building’ of excluded communities. Its purpose is to elucidate the specific capacity needs of individuals and collectives from vulnerable or excluded groups and present the models used for addressing these needs. The paper first defines capacity building as being a conceptual approach to development that enhances the abilities of individuals and organizations.

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Cash Transfers: A Review of the Issues in India

This paper provides a review of the arguments for and against ‘cash transfers’in India. It begins by identifying changes in the Indian family and household as providing the context for a discussion on increased economic vulnerability, inequality and social protection reforms in the country. It then considers the principles by which any social policy should be judged and briefly reviews the arguments on the two main types of policy on poverty in India.

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Promoting ‘Inclusiveness’: A Framework for Assessing India’s Flagship Social Welfare Programmes

This paper seeks to develop a conceptual understanding and analytical framework for assessing social exclusion, which is then applied to the central government’s flagship programmes on sanitation, health and child welfare. It begins by contextualizing the current emphasis on inclusiveness in the policy sphere against the broad mandate of the Eleventh Plan.

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Learning From Practice - Strategies for Promoting Equity and Inclusion

Social Inclusion is a central pillar of UNICEF India’s current Country Programme (2008-2012). This focus is consistent with the thrust of the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF, 2008-2012) and the theme of ‘inclusive growth’ articulated in India’s 11th Five Year Plan (2008-2012). These frameworks reflect a shared perception of a central challenge of India’s economic and social development: ensuring that high growth rates contribute to the reduction of disparities.

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