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Important Health Reports and Surveys

Recommendations for Strengthening Skills and Competencies of ASHAs – Consultation Report

UNICEF had organized a two day consultation on Strengthening Skills and Competencies of ASHAs, in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and National Health Systems Resource Center in January 2013. This report captures the consultation proceedings and recommendations for identifying needs and to strengthen the skills and competencies of ASHAs with emphasis on interpersonal communication and community mobilization.

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Supportive Supervision of Frontline Workers and Service Providers: Consultation ReportUNICEF had organized a two day consultation on Supportive Supervision, in collaboration with the ministries of Health and Family Welfare and Women and Child Development in November, 2012. This report captures the consultation proceedings and recommendations for effectively using supportive supervision as a mechanism to enhance skills and competencies of frontline workers, such as Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHAs), Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM) and Anganwadi Worker (AWW) and service providers.

Download the complete report

Infant and Child Mortality in India
Levels, Trends and Determinants

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Cooking with cleaner fuels in India: a strategic analysis and assessment

This “Policy Briefs Series” is the culmination of a joint research on healthy cooking fuel options for India, carried out by TERI and AIIMS during  2009–10 with funding support from UNICEF. The findings are based on extensive primary and secondary research that included literature reviews, interviews, focus groups, and field studies in select villages of Haryana state. To download clock on links below

Indoor Air Pollution: A Case for Change

Cooking Fuels in India: Trends and Patterns

Choices for Change: Evaluating Cooking Fuels

Call for Change: Catalysing a Cleaner Future!

Coverage Evaluation Survey Report 2009

The Coverage Evaluation Survey 2009 (CES-2009), a nationwide survey covering all States and Union Territories of India, was conducted during November 2009 to January 2010. The survey was commissioned by United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) with the funding from IKEA Social Initiative. ORG – Centre for Social Research was entrusted to carry out the survey.

Download Reports and Fact Sheets

Assessment of Alternate Vaccine Delivery System In Orissa

Orissa Alternate Vaccine Delivery System Assessment ((AVDS) is probably the first AVDS study of India after the launch of NRHM in 2005.

Download the AVDS Assessment

Vaccine Wastage Assessment- India

Vaccine wastage assessment was carried out in India in collaboration with Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, State governments and partners. Field assessment was carried out in national stores and state of Assam, HP, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and UP.

Download Key Findings and Recommendations of Assessment

Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness

The Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness (IMNCI) is the Indian adaptation of the WHO-UNICEF generic Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) strategy and is the centrepiece of newborn and child health strategy under Reproductive Child Health II and National Rural Health Mission.

Download the IMNCI and Facility Based Care Package

Improving Newborn Survival in India: Status of Newborns

India carries the highest single share of neonatal deaths in the world – around 24% of the worldwide total. Neonatal deaths continue to remain unacceptably high even after the earlier declines in the infant mortality rate (IMR) seen in 1980-90s due to minimal reduction in neonatal deaths compared to achievements in post-neonatal mortality.
As per the Report on Causes of Death in India (2001-03), neonatal (first month) deaths constitutes about two-third of total infant deaths.

Read the Full Report

Human Resources for Facility-based Newborn Care in India

Facility-based newborn care has a significant potential for improving newborn survival in India. It has been estimated that health-facility based interventions can reduce the neonatal mortality by as much as 23-50% in different settings. While availability of human resources is essential for providing quality care for in-patient in general, it is extremely critical for providing special care for newborns.

Download Full Policy Brief

Operating Perinatal Referral Transport Services in Rural India: A Toolkit

An effective perinatal referral transport service in rural India can help prevent maternal deaths. Referral trasnport enables a pregnant woman needing critical care to reach a health facility quickly, which can save her and her newborn’s life.

People engaged in emergency referral transport services expressed an urgent need for identifying an appropriate context-specific model, and operational guidelines for establishing and operating such a service. This toolkit was developed as a response to this need.

Download the Tool Kit

Optimal Utilization of Equipment at Special Care Newborn Units: Policy Brief

Special Care Newborn Units (SCNUs) require a complex set of clinical and managerial functions to be executed in a conducive environment. Availability of adequate and functional equipment and commodities such as drugs and consumables is crucial for the effective functioning SCNUs. A large proportion of the investments in SCNUs goes towards this.

Download the Policy Brief

Handbook forVaccine & Cold Chain Handlers

The handbook for vaccine and cold chain handlers has been prepared with technical contributions from Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India,
UNICEF, WHO/NPSP, MCHIP, State Immunization officers, State Cold Chain Officers and other development partners.

Download Handbook Here

Management Practices for Childhood Diarrhoea in India, 2009

Diarrhoea continues to be an important contributor to childhood deaths in India. About 10 per cent of infants and 14 per cent of 0-4-year children die due to diarrhoea in India. In the last decade, two technical advances have further improved the survival of children suffering from diarrhoea: 1) introduction of low osmolarity oral rehydration salt (ORS) and 2) zinc therapy.

Only about 43 per cent children suffering from diarrhoea in India receive any oral rehydration therapy (ORT). UNICEF conducted a study in 10 districts of India to understand the current practices by caregivers and health service providers related to the management of childhood diarrhoea particularly on use of ORS and zinc.

The report presents the findings of this study.

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Coverage Evaluation Survey 2005, 2006

Immunization is one of the most cost effective intervention know to decrease disease morbidity and mortality. Availability of appropriate and accurate information about immunization coverage levels among all children and selected group, status and quality of immunization services, and bottlenecks to improving coverage levels are crucial to developing and implementing effective strategies for improving immunization coverage.

Download Full Report for 2005
Download Full Report for 2006 

Japanese encephalitis Coverage Evaluation Survey 2008

Japanese Encephalitis (JE) is the leading viral cause of Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) in India. Large scale periodic outbreaks have been reported in epidemic forms in India since the past four decades.
UNICEF conducted Coverage evaluation survey of JE vaccination campaign and documented program success and bottlenecks. The findings of this report can also be used while planning for large injectable vaccination campaigns like measles or rubella. The report can be downloaded in PDF format.

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Measles Morality Reduction Plan 2005-10

High measles mortality occurs every year in India particularly in states with poor routine immunization coverage. Government of India has developed a measles mortality reduction plan with the aim to reduce measles mortality by 2/3rd from the baseline by 2010. The GOI document can be downloaded in PDF format

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National Cold Chain Assessment 2008

National cold chain assessment was carried out in India in July 2008. The report reflected the cold chain infrastructure of the country and gaps in terms of infrastructure and human resources with net requirements to adequately support the routine immunization program. The report can be downloaded in PDF format.

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Vaccine Management Assessment Tool 2007

Orissa State in India conducted Vaccine Management Assessment and Training of 26 health department staff in December 2007. The assessment and training covered state vaccine store, 6 regions, 12 districts and 30 blocks. The assessment was done using the tool called VMAT (Vaccine Management Assessment Training tool) jointly developed by WHO-UNICEF. The report reflecting the assessment result can be downloaded in PDF format. 

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Setting up of Special Newborn Care Unit, Stabilization Units and Newborn Care Units.

The purpose of this downloadable toolkit is to support the efforts of state and district health administrators, health care entrepreneurs and others involved in planning and managing Facility Based Care for Newborns at various levels.

Download the Full Tool Kit


Effective Vaccine Management Assessment
WHO-UNICEF have designed the Global Effective Vaccine Management (EVM) initiative to help countries to improve the quality of their vaccine and cold chain management from the time the vaccine arrives in their country down to the service delivery point

Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness
WHO-UNICEF have designed the Global Effective Vaccine Management (EVM) initiative to help countries to improve the quality of their vaccine and cold chain management from the time the vaccine arrives in their country down to the service delivery point

Coverage Evaluation Survey Report 2009- State Fact Sheets
WHO-UNICEF have designed the Global Effective Vaccine Management (EVM) initiative to help countries to improve the quality of their vaccine and cold chain management from the time the vaccine arrives in their country down to the service delivery point

 

 

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