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UNICEF in India

Contrasts and challenges

Commitments and responsibilities



History of UNICEF in India


Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

Current levels of programming and resources will not result in reaching this MDG’s targets. However, there is total commitment at the highest levels in tackling the HIV/AIDS challenge.


  • The 2006 estimates suggest that approximately 2.5 million people are living with HIV and AIDS in the country.

  • More men are HIV positive than women. Nationally, the prevalence rate for adult females is 0.29 percent while for males it is 0.43 percent. This means that for every 100 people living with HIV and AIDS (PLHAs) 61 are men and 39 women.

  • Prevalence is also high in the 15-49 age group (88.7 percent of all infections) indicating that HIV/AIDS still threatens the cream of society, those in the prime of their working lives.

  • The 2006 estimates indicate that the epidemic has stablised or seen a drop in Tamil Nadu and other southern states with a high HIV burden. At the same time, new areas have seen a rise in HIV prevalence, particularly in the northern and eastern regions.

  • In terms of geographical break-up, 118 districts have HIV prevalence more than 1 percent among mothers attending anti-natal clinics. Amongst these, 26 districts have been identified with high prevalence, largely in the states of Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Orissa, Rajasthan and Bihar.

  • The Government has increasingly recognized the long-term impact of HIV/AIDS on children, and has begun programming in this area.


Source of data: NACO



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