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UNICEF in India

Contrasts and challenges

Commitments and responsibilities



History of UNICEF in India


Commitments and responsibilities

© UNICEF India
A boy washes his hands and face.

The 10th Five Year Plan of the Government of India acknowledges the huge challenges before the social sector as well as the existing disparities throughout the country.

Its targets and benchmarks to achieve development are more ambitious than the Millennium Development Goals.

Within its national targets, the government aims to improve the demographic indices of the least developed states.

It acknowledges that the human and economic development of the country will depend on eight states, all with a poor human development record, because they constitute almost half of India’s population.

Constitutionally, states can frame their own policy on certain issues, such as education and health, which is why state and district levels are key focuses for UNICEF action.

India’s ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women, and its signing of the World Fit for Children, all set a powerful framework for committed action by the government and civil society at large.








Commitments made by the Government of India

- by 2007: poverty ratio reduced by 5 percentage points
- by 2012: poverty ratio reduced by 15 percentage points

- by 2003: all children in school
- by 2007: all children to complete 5 years of schooling

- by 2007: at least 50% reduction in gender gap in literacy
- by 2007: 75% increase in literacy rates

Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)
- by 2007: reduction in IMR to 45 per 1,000 live births
- by 2012: reduction in IMR to 28 per 1,000 live births

For every child
Health, Education, Equality, Protection