The 'Water in India: Situation and Prospects' report presents information on the water sector in an integrated, holistic manner. The report compiles data on the full range of water issues from water hydrogeology to resource use, water quality, health impact, agricultural productivity, livelihoods, governance and gender.
In producing this report, the UN in India hopes to contribute to efforts by the Government of India and partners to manage water resources more effectively during implementation of the Twelfth Five Year Plan.
Improved management of water resources will have a major impact on India's social and productive progress. Nowhere is this more important than in the area of child health. Studies show that forty-five percent of India's children are stunted and 600,000 children under five die each year, largely because of inadequate water supply and poor sanitation.
Improving water supply, for example by reducing, and eventually eradication open defecation, would contribute majorly to reducing child morbidity and mortality and improving nutrition.
Photo Essay- 'Water in India – Situation and Prospects'
Despite India’s booming economy, water insecurity and poor water quality remains a major cause of child mortality and morbidity, especially among the poor. India lost more than 600,000 children under 5 in 2010 due to WASH ( Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) related diseases like diarrhoea and pneumonia.
The ‘Water in India – Situation and Prospects’ report by UNICEF and FAO takes a deeper look at the state of the water sector in India