Careers at UNICEF

Careers at UNICEF


Consultant – Development of Tracking Tool To Measure Progress Related To Child Marriage Interventions

Location: New Delhi. The consultant will be required to conduct three field visits to states to test tools with partners.

Official Travel:  Travel to Delhi if consultant is located elsewhere for discussions and training of partners. Two trips (places to be determined) to states.

Duration: 6 months – number of working days 72 in total

Closing Date: 5 March 2014

I.          BACKGROUND:

Forty percent of the world’s child brides live in India, where 43% of women aged 20-24 are married before the age of 18.  Child marriage is prevalent across the country but is higher in rural (48%) than in urban areas (29%). Girls from poorer families, scheduled castes and tribes, and with lower education are more likely to marry at a younger age.

Marriage systems and practices vary by region, caste and tribe. Rates of child marriage are higher in the North-West and lower in the South-East of the country. The states with the highest rates of child marriage (50% and above) are Bihar, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. But even in low prevalence states there may be pockets of with high rates of child marriage.

Over the past fifteen years, child marriage has declined by just 11 percent – less than one percent per year. The Annual Healthy Survey carried out in 2011, shows a more rapid decline in nine surveyed states. The reasons for the continued practice of child marriage in India include: social norms, perceived low status of girls, poverty and lack of education opportunities, as well as poor law enforcement.

The current CPAP (2013-17) has adopted a lifecycle approach and focuses one of its four programme components on adolescents. This programme component brings together the contributions of different programme sections to promote the survival, development, protection and participation of adolescent girls and boys. A main focus is to enhance the status of girls in India. The reduction of child marriage is one of the priority results highlighted both in the CPAP and the Adolescent Framework.

The ICO child marriage strategy has mainly focused on community mobilization, girls’ empowerment and the promotion of social norm change. Other areas of intervention have included: law enforcement, strengthening of systems, research and knowledge and policy and advocacy. Child Protection and C4D sections are working in tandem to address child marriage. While Child Protection has been the main hub for programme implementation and research, C4D has been instrumental in designing communication methods and research on child marriage. Advocacy and Communication has also supported awareness raising and media involvement, while the Education section is working in residential and bridge schools to raise awareness to enhance access and quality of education.

UNICEF India aims to improve its capacity to measure progress towards outcomes on child marriage and ensure that an efficient result measurement system is in place. So far, the India office has taken some initial steps. First of all, a framework of indicators was designed to track progress related to interventions to address child marriage. As the framework was based on UNICEF India’s current work, it was mainly limited to measuring change in social norms, in particular, knowledge, attitudes, behaviours and practices.

The framework was developed through the following steps:

a)         UNICEF commissioned a literature review and the design of a framework of indicators.  A theory of social norms and behaviour change supported the analysis and the identification of specific indicators related to behavioural and social norms change;

b)         UNICEF attempted to adapt the MORES framework to the Indian child marriage context and identify key indicators (annex 2);

c)         the two frameworks were merged into one, which included both sets of indicators (annex 1);

d)         the framework is currently being used as a basis for a baseline study and bottleneck analysis in eight districts of eight states. The implementation of the baseline/bottleneck study is defined as “Level 1 monitoring” in the MoRES framework.

The next step is the development of a set of tools and methods to periodically measure changes in reducing child marriage. These tools will enable partners and UNICEF India to rapidly track progress at the outcome level and assess bottlenecks on a regular basis (MORES Level 3). The development of the tools has to start from an analysis of the theory of change and of key drivers in reducing child marriage. The assignment will lead to tools that can be administered easily and cost-effectively. UNICEF India is seeking technical support to develop tools and methodologies for rapid data gathering (mixed methods) and analysis (triangulation) of regular “Level 3 monitoring”. The implementation of the tracking tools should be done through UNICEF partners. Accordingly, the data collection and analysis instruments have to be fairly simple, while being accurate and rapid.


To improve the capacity of the UNICEF India Country Office and partners to track progress and assess bottlenecks in relation to the prevention and reduction of child marriage; in particular, develop and implement tools to regularly assess progress towards outcomes (reduction of child marriage) and identify bottlenecks in achieving progress related to different drivers of change (e.g. behaviour change, empowerment of adolescent girls, law enforcement, access to social protection, access to and completion of education, etc.).






Number of days



31 March 2014


·    Review documentation on child marriage interventions implemented by ICO and other relevant documentation on MORES.

·    Review the theory of change and current measurement framework on child marriage developed by ICO

·    Review of documents

·    Inception report

15 May 2014


Conduct fieldwork in three sites to develop and test tools and methods to assess progress and bottlenecks in preventing child marriage:

1st site:

·    Develop tools to measure progress and bottlenecks in preventing child marriage

·    Train NGO/Government partner staff in the use of the data gathering tools

·    Test data gathering tools

·    Analysis workshop with NGO and Government partners to review data collection tools, analyse data and develop tools to analyse data


2nd and 3rd site:

·    Train NGO/Government partner staff in the use of the data gathering tools

·    Revise and test revised data gathering tools

·    Analysis workshop to analyse data and revise tools to analyse data

·    Field work report and  Draft tools

31 May 2014


Workshop in Delhi to present results of field work and the tools and methods developed for data gathering and analysis


·    Completed workshop

30 June 2014


Develop comprehensive document for Level 3 monitoring of prevention of child marriage:

·    Revise ICO theory of change and its drivers

·    Finalise key indicators for each driver to measure progress towards prevention of child marriage. The key criteria will be: relevance to interventions, relevance in terms of key outcomes measurement, simplicity for administration and data collection by NGOs partners, cost-effectiveness and time required for administration. The complete list of indicators should be less than twenty.

·    Document with key indicators, theory of change and methodology for replication and analysis

31 July 2014


·    Train researchers/partners in the use of the measuring tools –

·    Training report

31 August 2014


·    Develop a training manual

·    Manual











31 March 2014

  • Review of documents
  • Inception report


15 May 2014

·          Field work report and  Draft tools


31 May 2014

  • Completed workshop


30 June 2014

  • Document with key indicators, theory of change and methodology for replication and analysis


31 July 2014

  • Training report


31 August 2014

  • Training Manual



•           Advanced university degree in communication, social sciences or relevant discipline.

•           Extensive knowledge in communication for development and social norms theories.

•           Extensive experience in developing quantitative, qualitative and participatory tools to measure and analyse social norms and behavioural change.

•           Familiarity with the MORES framework.

•           Knowledge of child marriage and other child protection issues.

•           Knowledge of UNICEF programming an advantage.

•           Good record of publications.



(1)        Qualified female/male candidates are requested to please indicate their ability and availability to undertake the terms of reference above.


(2)        We request you to please inform us where you have seen this advertisement.


(3)        Your application should be sent to by COB 5 March 2014 with subject line "Consultant for Dev. Of tracking tool on CM interventions" in separate files consisting of:


a)         An application letter, CV and P11 form (which can be downloaded from our website at


b)         A financial proposal in PDF format indicating deliverable based fee as per template attached.  Please mention your name in the file name while saving. (download)


 (4)       The selection will be on the basis of technical evaluation & financial proposal in the ratio of 70:30. 


 (5)       Only short-listed candidates will be called for written test/interview (if applicable). 


(6)        The financial proposals of only those candidates, who are found technically responsive, will be opened.


(7)        Any attempt to unduly influence UNICEF’s selection process will lead to automatic disqualification of the applicant.

(8)        Joint applications of two or more individuals are not accepted.

(9)        Please note, UNICEF does not charge any fee during any stage of the process.



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