Senior Consultant - Research support for child marriage and protection of adolescent girls
Location: New Delhi
Official Travel: Occasional travel to states, in particular to Maharashtra and West Bengal
Duration: 11 months
Closing Date: 20 February 2014
I. BACKGROUND & PURPOSE OF ASSIGNMENT:
Forty percent of the world’s child brides live in India, where 43% of women aged 20-24 are married before the age of 18. Child marriage is prevalent across the country but is higher in rural (48%) than in urban areas (29%) . Girls from poorer families, scheduled castes and tribes, and with lower education are more likely to marry at a younger age.
Marriage systems and practices vary by region, caste and tribe. Rates of child marriage are higher in the North-West and lower in the South-East of the country. The states with the highest rates of child marriage (50% and above) are Bihar, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. But even in low prevalence states there may be pockets of with high rates of child marriage.
Over the past fifteen years, child marriage has declined by just 11 percent – less than one percent per year. The Annual Healthy Survey carried out in 2011, shows a more rapid decline in nine surveyed states. The reasons for the continued practice of child marriage in India include: social norms, perceived low status of girls, poverty and lack of education opportunities, as well as poor law enforcement.
The current CPAP (2013-17) has adopted a lifecycle approach and focuses one of its four programme components on adolescents. This programme component brings together the contributions of different programme sections to promote the survival, development, protection and participation of adolescent girls and boys. A main focus is to enhance the status of girls in India. The reduction of child marriage is one of the priority results highlighted both in the CPAP and the Adolescent Framework.
The ICO child marriage strategy has mainly focused on community mobilization, girls’ empowerment and the promotion of social norm change. Other areas of intervention have included: law enforcement, strengthening of systems, research and knowledge and policy and advocacy. Child Protection and C4D sections are working in tandem to address child marriage. While Child Protection has been the main hub for programme implementation and research, C4D has been instrumental in designing communication methods and research on child marriage. Advocacy and Communication has also supported awareness raising and media involvement, while the Education section is working in residential and bridge schools to raise awareness to enhance access and quality of education. Closer linkages are being explored with the Health and Nutrition Programme, and specifically with the “Call to Action” (CTA), a partnership to accelerate the improvement and health and nutrition outcomes for children and mothers, including adolescent girls.
ICO has been addressing child marriage and adolescent girls’ issues in select districts of 11 states with different types of interventions and at a different degree of intensity. In 2014, ICO has received an ad-hoc fund from NY headquarters to take stock and reflect upon modalities and possibilities for scaling up of child marriage prevention and reduction strategies. In so doing, it aims to generate solid evidence to develop a strategic set of recommendations for the way forward and particularly for scaling up and acceleration of child marriage prevention. Evidence generation will include: review of data, trends, drivers of change, programmatic, communications and advocacy interventions and models of community mobilization. Partnerships will be established with Government, NGOs, research institutions and experts to promote a through. Overall, ICO will approach it within the framework of a convergent strategy on adolescent empowerment.
To ensure cutting-edge technical support to an extensive set of activities within a reduced time frame, a senior level consultant is required to ensure effective implementation of activities to achieve high quality results, promote a wide engagement of key stakeholders and lead the development a strategy for the way forward by promoting ownership by stakeholders.
To support the Child Protection team in the production of a set of high quality knowledge products on child marriage, adolescent empowerment and child protection overall.
III. MAJOR TASKS TO BE ACCOMPLISHED (PER CENT TIME ON EACH AREA)
Research and knowledge (60%):
• Provide technical assistance in the design of TOR and methodology, monitoring of progress, technical review at different stages and finalization of the following knowledge products:
o District level analysis of secondary data (mainly DLHS and AHS) to identify trends and patterns and co-relation to drivers of change such as education, health, social protection.
o Review of academic literature on patterns of marriage, kinship and women’s autonomy to identify areas where norms are more favorable to a change in trends.
o Small-scale research in two-districts showing a positive trend in reduction of child marriage to identify determinants of positive deviance.
o Completion of a baseline study/bottleneck analysis on child marriage in eight districts of Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and West Bengal. Review of draft and final report.
o Baseline on adolescents in four districts of Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand and West Bengal.
o Review of interventions on child marriage, which will include scoring and identification of good practices.
o Review of community mobilization models(work on child marriage and child labour) and of social movements (e.g. Call to Action, gender movement) to explore modalities and strategies for replication.
o MORES framework for monitoring progress on child marriage.
• Liaise with the partner agency on a regular basis and provide on-going technical support to ensure the knowledge products are of high quality.
• Provide updated reports to the CP team on progress status.
Strategy development (20%):
• Based on research findings, support the CP team in leading the development of a strategic proposal to accelerate reduction of child marriage and bring interventions to scale.
• Liaise with partners and stakeholders, as appropriate and under the guidance of the supervisor, to gather inputs to enrich and validate the draft strategy proposal.
Coordination and Support (20%):
• Provide a work plan and revised versions accordingly on quarterly basis.
• Maintain effective working relationship with
o Partner organizations, MWCD, State offices, experts and other stakeholders.
• In coordination with supervisor, support State offices (Maharashtra and West Bengal) in the implementation of convergent efforts in two districts (one per state), in particular the development of a work plan, round tables at district and/or state level.
• Undertake field visits as required.
• Supervise and guide partners for effective delivery of programme plan and quality.
• Support the development of training packages and training sessions on child marriage and adolescents.
• Support convergent activities for Programme Result on adolescents as a whole.
IV. KEY DELIVERABLES & TIMELINE:
VI. QUALIFICATIONS & EXPERIENCE REQUIRED:
• Advanced university degree in any of the following fields: Education, Social Sciences, Statistics or other related field
• At least seven years of professional experience in research, particularly related to gender and social norms
• Good understanding of child protection issues
• Good knowledge of statistics and sampling methodologies
• Current knowledge of development issues, strategies, as well as programming policies and procedures in development cooperation
• Knowledge of UNICEF programming policies and procedures an advantage
• Demonstrated experience of working with different types of partners
• Excellent analytical, communication and advocacy skills
• Excellent English writing skills, knowledge of Hindi preferable
• Harmonious working relationships
• Ability to manage complex multi-partner work groups and maintain harmonious working relationships
(1) Qualified female/male candidates are requested to please indicate their ability and availability to undertake the terms of reference above.
(2) Your application should be sent to email@example.com by COB 20 February 2014 with subject line "Senior Consultant-Research support for child marriage & protection of adolescent girls, Delhi" in separate files consisting of:
a) An application letter, CV and P11 form (which can be downloaded from our website at http://www.UNICEF.org/india/overview_1440.htm)
b) A financial proposal in PDF format indicating deliverable based fee as per template attached. (Download)
(3) The financial proposals of only those candidates, who are found technically responsive, will be opened.
(4) Only short-listed candidates will be called for test/interview (if applicable). Any attempt to unduly influence UNICEF’s selection process will lead to automatic disqualification of the applicant.
(5) Joint applications of two or more individuals are not accepted.
(6) Please note, UNICEF does not charge any fee during any stage of the process.