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ESARO ZAMBIA: EMERGENCY SUMMARY

© UNICEF Zambia/2008/Shaw

Children stand in a camp for internally displaced people. Recurring droughts and flooding have displaced thousands of families who are vulnerable to malnutrition and water-borne diseases.

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN AND WOMEN

UNICEF in Zambia endeavours to support children and their families in a situation of acute and chronic vulnerability. Poverty levels are high and exacerbated by escalating costs. Deep impacts from the HIV and AIDS emergency leave families with little or no capacity to deal with additional external shocks. Already hard pressed to meet basic survival, education and development needs, when faced with further crises, often due to natural disasters such as drought or flooding, families are unable to cope. As such, UNICEF in Zambia proposes ongoing emergency preparedness and response actions, in support of its wider Country Programme that aims at reducing child vulnerabilities over the long term.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2009

UNICEF is the cluster lead for water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and co-chairs consultative groups on health, nutrition and education. UNICEF-supported programmes are expected to reach at least 6 million children and 4 million women in 2009.

Health and Nutrition: UNICEF’s overall goal is to minimize the impact of the high food and fuel prices and of epidemics/floods on the health and nutritional status of children under age five and to ensure that pregnant women in affected areas are identified and provided with micronutrient supplementation. UNICEF will support some 100,000 displaced persons, host communities and impoverished persons with essential health and nutritional supplies; and strengthen nutritional response capacity in targeted communities.

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: UNICEF will support the rehabilitation of emergency-affected water and sanitary facilities in 100 schools, benefiting 56,000 children, while building capacities and prepositioning stocks for immediate intervention should an acute crisis strike once again. 

Education: UNICEF will supply basic school materials and recreational kits to a total of 56,000 schoolchildren and 1,400 teachers; train 200 primary schoolteachers; and provide 200 temporary school/classroom structures for about 100 primary schools.

Child Protection: UNICEF has developed a multi-actor, comprehensive response to strengthen community level capacities for vulnerability reduction and emergency need, strengthening responses to mitigate the impact of rising prices (school feeding, addressing child labour), or helping vulnerable households to cope with the impact of increasing prices (nutrition support, strengthened community care-giving and cash transfers). 

Mine Action: UNICEF will establish eight mine-risk education (MRE) working groups; support the MRE basic school course (targeting 180,000 students); train 250 teachers from secondary schools; and provide psychosocial support and vocational training to over 200 mine/unexploded ordnance (UXO) survivors and other children with disabilities.

Summary of UNICEF Emergency Needs for 2009*
Sector US$
Health and Nutrition 729,638
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene 2,400,000
Education 516,800
Child Protection 1,100,000
Mine Action 150,000
Total** 4,896,438

* Funds received against this appeal will be used to respond to both the immediate and medium-term needs of children and women as outlined above. If UNICEF should receive funds in excess of the medium-term funding requirements for this emergency, UNICEF will use those funds to support other, underfunded emergencies.
** The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.