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ESARO UGANDA: EMERGENCY SUMMARY

© UNICEF/NYHQ2007-2404/LeMoyne

A woman who was previously abducted by the rebel Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) attends school with her ten-month-old son, in the northern Gulu District. Despite increased stability in the region, urgent humanitarian needs remain.

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN AND WOMEN

Northern Uganda is finally emerging from decades of conflict and instability; yet, urgent humanitarian needs in Acholi, Teso and Karamoja subregions remain. These needs are related to: (1) the persistence of camp-based populations; (2) the rise of an acute child survival crisis in the Karamoja subregion; (3) the extreme vulnerability of all northern Ugandan communities to natural disasters and disease outbreaks; and (4) the need to enhance district and community capacity to deliver basic social services and respond to emergencies independently in a sustainable manner.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN AND RECOVERY ACTIONS FOR 2009

Health and Nutrition: UNICEF will assist some 257,030 children under age five during health emergencies by strengthening national and district capacity to respond to epidemics; and secure access to health services for over 548,590 children under age five and 139,425 pregnant mothers.

Children and AIDS: UNICEF will ensure that children increasingly realize their right to survival scaling up to 80 per cent comprehensive prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) services by reinforcing PMTCT service delivery. UNICEF will also build district capacity; strengthen programme communication; and procure test kits, antiretrovirals (ARVs) and consumables.

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: UNICEF will protect around 250,000 children from incidences of waterborne diseases, by strengthening local-level capacity for water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) emergency preparedness and response; provide safe water and sanitation as per Sphere standards; and ensure adequate hygiene and promote national standards.

Education: UNICEF will ensure that children affected by emergencies realize their right to education by supporting rapid assessments of learning spaces and procuring school supplies and other appropriate support. UNICEF will also provide access to education for 3,000 children through accelerated learning programmes, in preparation for transition to primary schools or livelihoods.

Child Protection: UNICEF will expand and enhance child protection systems to ensure that children benefit from an increasingly protective environment; support the safe return and reintegration in their communities of children formerly associated with the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA); and develop a government-led, inter-agency recovery strategy to guide the transfer of capacities from the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) cluster to the formal sector.

Emergency Preparedness and Response and Non-Food Items: UNICEF will support children affected by rapid population displacement due to conflict and/or natural disaster procuring and prepositioning 35,000 essential/emergency family kits.

Summary of UNICEF Emergency Needs for 2009*
Sector Humanitarian Actions US$ Recovery Actions US$
Health and Nutrition 7,056,650 25,000,000
Children and AIDS 0 4,124,000
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene 4,515,430 15,000,000
Education 2,167,430 12,500,000
Child Protection 2,803,400 6,500,000
Emergency Preparedness and Response and Non-Food Items 1,378,470 0
SubTotal** 17,921,380 63,124,000
GRAND TOTAL 81,045,380

* Funds received against this appeal will be used to respond to both the immediate and medium-term needs of children and women as outlined above. If UNICEF should receive funds in excess of the medium-term funding requirements for this emergency, UNICEF will use those funds to support other, underfunded emergencies.
** The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.