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CEE/CIS TAJIKISTAN: EMERGENCY SUMMARY

© UNICEF Tajikistan/2008/Muhammedkhajaeva

Children wear heavy coats and gloves in their classroom at Secondary School # 4 in Rudaki District. Power shortages and disruptions in the delivery of other essential services are common in the country.

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN AND CHILDREN

Aside from the ravages of the civil war, Tajikistan has experienced a number of major disasters over the last 10 years, including earthquakes, floods, landslides, droughts and, more recently, a severe winter emergency. Severe cold winters with heavy snowfall often disrupt the functioning of essential public services. In addition, 70 per cent of the population lives in rural areas, many of which are very remote, hampering the delivery of basic services. Losses of crops and seeds and losses of livestock have negatively impacted the livelihood of marginal population, in a country where 1.68 million are considered food insecure.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2009

The humanitarian community in Tajikistan is organized under the Rapid Emergency Assessment and Coordination Team (REACT), which includes UN agencies, NGOs and the Government. UNICEF-assisted programmes will target about 1 million children under age five, particularly vulnerable groups of children and their families in rural areas. In addition, about 80,000 pregnant women in remote and hard-to-reach areas of Khatlon oblast will be reached.

Health and Nutrition: UNICEF will supply 600 health kits to primary health-care centres, benefiting about 1.8 million residents; promote exclusive breastfeeding practices and complementary feeding, reaching 90,000 pregnant/lactating women; distribute lifesaving and critical relief supplies such as baby warmers, baby blankets and primary health kits for about 85,000 newborn babies. UNICEF will also distribute the new formula of oral rehydration salts to almost 1 million children under age five.

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: UNICEF will maintain the steady and quality supply of water and storage for 10,000 households in urban and rural areas with special attention to hospitals, schools and mass care facilities; where possible, rehabilitate existing water supply and sanitation facilities; organize a communication campaign for hygiene promotion reaching about 500,000 people; and distribute hygiene materials, including soap, buckets and educational materials.

Education: UNICEF will support the insulation of doors and windows and provide heating stoves to about 50 schools affected by a potential winter emergency; support the temporary suspension of classes during severe winter days and undertake catch-up programmes.

Child Protection: UNICEF will provide psychosocial support to about 500 children in closed type institutions and support 9,341 particularly vulnerable children without family or institutional care in receiving basic survival and developmental assistance. Monitoring will be carried out by UNICEF and the National Commission on Child Rights on the appropriate distribution and use of supplies.

Summary of UNICEF Emergency Needs for 2009*
Sector US$
Health and Nutrition 800,000
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene 500,000
Education 500,000
Child Protection 200,000
Total** 2,000,000

* Funds received against this appeal will be used to respond to both the immediate and medium-term needs of children and women as outlined above. If UNICEF should receive funds in excess of the medium-term funding requirements for this emergency, UNICEF will use those funds to support other, underfunded emergencies.
** The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.