THE AMERICAS AND CARIBBEAN
A boy clings to a ledge outside his flooded home in San Julian District, Bolivia, in March 2008. Seventy-five people were killed and an estimated 60,000 of the country’s poorest and most vulnerable families were displaced by the floods.
CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN AND WOMEN
The Americas and Caribbean region has been hit hard by natural disasters in 2008, ranging from hurricanes, tropical storms and flooding across the Caribbean to a drought in Paraguay and severely cold temperatures in Peru. Hurricanes Fay, Gustav, Hanna, Ike and Norbert have dramatically affected large swathes of the Caribbean in the second part of 2008. Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Haiti, Mexico, and Turks and Caicos have all been affected by the storms mentioned above, while earlier in the year Bolivia and Ecuador have suffered from the impact of heavy rains. In the latest part of the year, Central American countries such as Belize, Guatemala and Honduras have been affected by heavy rains as well. All the countries have experienced varying degrees of loss of life and infrastructure. All these countries have in common that the storms have left the poorest and most marginalized children and women in a still more precarious state.
PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2009
Strengthen the Americas and Caribbean Country Offices and National Counterparts’ Capacity-Building on Issues Pertaining to the Humanitarian Reform, Including Clusters where UNICEF is Leader: The UNICEF Americas and Caribbean Regional Office (TACRO) will provide technical assistance and train government counterparts, Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) partners and UNICEF Country Office staff on the approach to be adopted concerning children’s rights and other specific issues. TACRO in cooperation with partners will work to develop a strategy on how to link middle-income countries’ social/public policies to emergency preparedness, response and disaster risk reduction.
Strengthen the Americas and Caribbean Region to Respond to Emergency Natural Disasters and Other Rapid Onset Emergencies: TACRO will increase its capacity to support Country Offices with rapid delivery of essential supplies and the deployment of trained human resources, and improve the regional early alert system. The Regional Office Emergency Unit will guarantee constant support.
Support Disaster Risk Reduction Initiatives, with Focus on Education and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Sectors: TACRO will boost its capacity to mobilize and organize government players and international cooperation of NGOs at regional, subregional, national and local levels in order to carry out risk reduction actions in the education and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sectors where UNICEF will also have cluster responsibility.
|The Americas and Caribbean Region (TACR) Emergency Needs for 2009*|
|Strengthen the Americas and Caribbean Country Offices and National Counterparts’ Capacity-Building on Issues Pertaining to the Humanitarian Reform, Including Clusters where UNICEF is Leader||1,100,000|
|Strengthen the Americas and Caribbean Region to Respond to Emergency Natural Disasters and Other Rapid Onset Emergencies||500,000|
|Support Disaster Risk Reduction Initiatives, with Focus on Education and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Sectors||1,200,000|
* Funds received against this appeal will be used to respond to both the immediate and medium-term needs of children and women as outlined above. If UNICEF should receive funds in excess of the medium-term funding requirements for this emergency, UNICEF will use those funds to support other, underfunded emergencies.
** The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.