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TACRO HAITI: EMERGENCY SUMMARY

© UNICEF/NYHQ2008-0741/LeMoyne

A girl clears mud from her house, in the flood-damaged city of Gonaïves. Weeks after successive hurricanes and tropical storms hit the country in September 2008, much of the city remained covered in water and mud.

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN AND WOMEN

During 2008, high food and fuel prices along with the four consecutive hurricanes that hit Haiti have worsened the well-being and livelihood of children and women throughout the country. Some 2.66 million children suffer from at least one form of deprivation (food, health, education, water, sanitation, shelter, information). Despite significant progress towards the reduction in under-five mortality rates (from 118 to 76 per 1,000 live births between 2000 and 2007) it is still very high. Maternal mortality has risen to 630 per 100,000 live births over 1999–2007, from 523 per 100,000 over 1993–2000. Twenty-four per cent of children under age five suffer from chronic malnutrition, and 9 per cent from acute malnutrition. Only 3 per cent of children under age five live in a household consuming iodized salt. Forty-two per cent of the population have no access to improved water-drinking sources.  

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2009

UNICEF leads four clusters: nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), education and child protection. UNICEF-supported programmes are expected to reach at least 200,000 children and women in 2009.

Emergency Preparedness: UNICEF will procure and preposition emergency supplies to ensure response in the first 72 hours for an estimated 2,000 families; reinforce the capacity of Government, UN agencies and partner NGOs in emergency preparedness and response.

Health and Nutrition: UNICEF will continue supporting the immunization campaign with the Ministry of Health; procure and distribute essential emergency drugs and equipment to 20 mobile clinics and temporary health centres; support 30 therapeutic feeding centres; and train 200 health personnel in treating severe malnutrition.

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: UNICEF will provide 10,000 displaced persons with safe water and sanitation facilities by constructing/rehabilitating 10 existing water systems, 90 boreholes, sanitary facilities of 50 schools and 2 health centres; and promote hygiene education and hygiene awareness programmes for 200,000 people.

Education: UNICEF will provide a total of 40,000 schoolchildren and 125 schools with student kits, school materials and furniture; train 750 primary schoolteachers; and rehabilitate schools and construct 50 schools and classroom structures to accommodate 20,000 primary schoolchildren.

Child Protection: UNICEF will support 3,000 children by training parents, peers and public institutions’ personnel on prevention and response to violence/abuse, identification, birth registration documentation, tracing, psychosocial care and family separation.

Summary of UNICEF Emergency Needs for 2009*
Sector US$
Emergency Preparedness 500,000
Health and Nutrition 5,000,000
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene 2,500,000
Education 2,900,000
Child Protection 600,000
Total** 11,500,000

* Funds received against this appeal will be used to respond to both the immediate and medium-term needs of children and women as outlined above. If UNICEF should receive funds in excess of the medium-term funding requirements for this emergency, UNICEF will use those funds to support other, underfunded emergencies.
** The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.