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ESARO ANGOLA: EMERGENCY SUMMARY

© UNICEF/NYHQ2007-1776/Nesbitt

A woman cradles her malnourished three-year-old son in David Bernardino Paediatric Hospital in Luanda, the capital. More than one-third of all Angolan children are chronically malnourished.

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN AND WOMEN

The enormous war damage has resulted in extremely poor social infrastructure, which severely aggravates the impact of natural disasters and epidemics on vulnerable children and women. Angola’s under-five mortality rate stands at 158 per 1,000 live births. Malnutrition is alarmingly high, with almost one third of children underweight and almost one in two children under age five stunted. In water and sanitation, 8.7 million people are estimated not to have access to potable water and 8.5 million not to have access to sanitation. The ongoing cholera outbreak has resulted in 9,397 cases and 222 deaths in 2008 as of 5 October. This is aggravated by seasonal flooding, which has affected Angola in 2007 and 2008. Cases of polio persist in Angola necessitating emergency campaigns to control the spread of the disease.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2009

UNICEF is the UN humanitarian sector lead for nutrition and programme communication, and the joint sector lead for water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), and for health with WHO. UNICEF-supported programmes are expected to reach at least 7.4 million children and women in 2009 (41 per cent of total population).

Health and Nutrition: UNICEF will procure and distribute essential emergency drugs and equipment to treat up to 10,000 cholera patients; vaccinate up to 500,000 children under age five against polio in provinces with identified cases of polio; distribute 15,000 impregnated mosquito nets in flood-affected areas; and support the therapeutic feeding of 100,000 children with severe acute malnutrition (67 per cent of total need).

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: UNICEF will provide all 42,000 displaced children and women with safe water and sanitation by constructing/rehabilitating wells and sanitary facilities. UNICEF will ensure that 7.4 million people nationwide know effective behaviours to prevent cholera, and that 450,000 of the most vulnerable people have home-level supplies to practise those behaviours. UNICEF will ensure that 20,000 people attending health facilities in the event of an outbreak of haemorrhagic fever have access to safe water.

Education: UNICEF will provide 5,000 children displaced by floods (15 per cent of the total) with basic school materials and recreational kits and construct child-friendly spaces. School-based disaster risk reduction activities will reach 1,000 pupils and 20 teachers with strategies on how to prevent and effectively respond to disasters, and with the tools to capacitate their friends and families on how to implement these strategies.

Child Protection: UNICEF will ensure that all 42,000 children and women displaced by floods are temporarily housed in an environment that will protect them from the threat to their basic rights, including gender-based violence. UNICEF will also ensure that displaced children have access to free birth registration to replace documents lost in floods. Child Protection Networks will support 2,000 children affected by a possible outbreak of haemorrhagic fever to restart their lives.

Summary of UNICEF Emergency Needs for 2009*
Sector US$
Health and Nutrition 1,950,000
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene 2,000,000
Education 200,000
Child Protection 350,000
Total** 4,500,000

* Funds received against this appeal will be used to respond to both the immediate and medium-term needs of children and women as outlined above. If UNICEF should receive funds in excess of the medium-term funding requirements for this emergency, UNICEF will use those funds to support other, underfunded emergencies.
** The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.