hr_top_title_2008

ESARO ZIMBABWE: EMERGENCY SUMMARY

© UNICEF/HQ06-0443/Pirozzi

Children in a makeshift class in a remote settlement in Nyamukwara Village, Zimbabwe. They are among some 700,000 people who were forcibly cleared from urban slum areas in 2006, losing their possessions and livelihoods.

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN

The humanitarian situation in Zimbabwe continues to evolve along with a complex, overlapping and often worsening set of economic and social factors that result in poor health and social outcomes for women and children. Spiralling inflation, deteriorating physical infrastructure, the inability of the public sector to deliver basic social services, and the severe impact of the HIV/AIDS pandemic have led to a decline in the overall health and well-being of the population. In addition, there are growing concerns about the possibility of widespread disease outbreaks, and of rising malnutrition. An increasingly uncertain pattern of weather, characterized by poor rains and droughts, combined with policy constraints (including land reform), is making farming difficult and unpredictable, resulting in 4.1 million food insecure people in both urban and rural areas during the peak of the ‘hungry season’ in 2008.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2008

Health and nutrition: UNICEF will reach 2 million people through the following activities: support immunization; distribute 100,000 insecticide-treated mosquito nets in 17 districts; support prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) services and provide paediatric HIV/AIDS care and treatment to 5,000 children; integrate neonatal health care into community-based maternal and child health care services; support the implementation of hospital and community-based management of acute malnutrition reaching 5,000 under-five children; enhance community-level nutrition education linked to HIV/OVC/garden programmes; strengthen nutrition aspects of HIV programming; monitor the health and nutritional status of children; and reinforce the nutrition coordination response in order to reach the most vulnerable populations across the country.

Water, sanitation and hygiene: UNICEF will reach 3 million people through the following key activities: strengthen the coordination of water and sanitation response and improve sectoral information management and sharing; prevent and control water and sanitation-related epidemics and provide essential emergency supplies; promote health and hygiene practices; procure water treatment chemicals for urban areas and treat water in communities without access to safe water supply; construct 900 latrines; drill 20 new water points and rehabilitate 600 broken ones in priority districts; support institutional capacity development for effective response to emergency situations.

Education: UNICEF will reach approximately 50,000 children through the following key activities: provide quality education for 5,000 orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) at satellite schools in farm communities; provide access to school to children in disaster-prone areas and potentially mitigate the impact of disasters in affected areas; support the printing and distribution of Teacher’s Emergency Manuals amongst 8,000 schools and train 16,000 teachers on emergency preparedness.

Child protection: UNICEF is targeting approximately 600,000 people through the following interventions: strengthen the capacity of the community and public services to respond to sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV); advocate with parliamentarians for the protection against SGBV and child abuse; mobilize and train duty bearers on the effects of violence, and their roles and responsibilities in prevention, control and care; mobilize youths and children to participate in prevention, control and care activities; identify, share and replicate best practices in prevention, control of SGBV and child abuse; strengthen survivors’ access to legal services.

HIV/AIDS: UNICEF will reach approximately 90,000 children and youth through the following activities: provide vulnerable girls with HIV-related information materials and access to HIV prevention services and supplies; increase availability of quality community home-based care and counselling for people living with HIV/AIDS; distribute 2,000 home-based care (HBC) kits and replenishment materials; sustain resource centres and support groups for adolescents living with HIV/AIDS.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2008
Sector US$
Health and nutrition 8,021,310
Water, sanitation and hygiene 3,000,000
Education 2,615,000
Child protection 1,250,000
HIV/AIDS 900,000
Total* 15,786,310

* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.