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ESARO UGANDA: EMERGENCY SUMMARY

© UNICEF/HQ04-1176/LeMoyne

A girl plays a skipping game in the town of Kitgum, Uganda. She lost a leg during an attack by the rebel Lord’s Resistance Army. Northern Uganda continues to experience endemic conflict.

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN

More than two decades of armed conflict between the Government and rebel Lord’s Resistance Army have perpetuated a complex humanitarian situation in northern Uganda. The right of access to health, nutrition, safe water, education, protection and shelter by children and women, who represent 80 per cent of the 1.5 million internally displaced persons (IDPs), remains largely unfulfilled. Humanitarian indicators in the north-eastern Karamoja subregion are persistently lower than national averages as the subregion continues to experience an endemic conflict involving the agro-pastoralist Karamajong population.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2008

UNICEF in Uganda is the cluster lead for water and sanitation; subcluster lead for child protection; and chair of the Working Group on Education in Emergencies. UNICEF-supported programmes are expected to reach at least 3.6 million children and 3.6 million women in 2008.

Health and nutrition: UNICEF will support 1.5 million children and 200,000 women of childbearing age, as well as 50,000 acutely malnourished children, providing basic, accessible quality health and nutritional services, both preventative and curative, at the institutional and community levels.

Water, sanitation and hygiene: UNICEF will support 1 million vulnerable persons in IDP camps as well as return communities, and an additional 300,000 persons affected by natural disaster, providing appropriate water and sanitary facilities and accompanying hygiene and sanitation education; coordinate all water and sanitation activities as Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) cluster lead.

Education: UNICEF will support 250,000 primary school-aged children and 2,000 teachers with activities aimed at creating safe and appropriate learning spaces and conditions throughout the conflict-affected regions, as well as supporting initiatives, such as the Girls’ Education Movement (GEM) and ‘Back to School’ campaigns. UNICEF will support an additional 50,000 primary schoolchildren affected by natural disaster.

Child protection: UNICEF will support activities for 8,000 children and women associated with armed groups, 400,000 women and children at risk of gender-based violence as well as an additional 300,000 children in conflicted-affected communities through the creation, expansion, and streamlining of appropriate child-friendly systems and services at district, institutional and community-based levels.

HIV/AIDS: UNICEF will support 1.2 million pregnant women and women of childbearing age, as well as 35,000 persons with advanced HIV status, expanding comprehensive prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) services, ensuring better access to health and HIV services and improving the quality of care and treatment for persons living with HIV.

Family shelter and non-food items: UNICEF will support 590,000 vulnerable persons in the conflict-affected areas, as well those affected by natural disaster, procuring and distributing essential non-food items.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2008
Sector US$
Health and nutrition 8,191,920
Water, sanitation and hygiene 17,619,593
Education 13,717,400
Child protection 9,784,755
HIV/AIDS 3,439,900
Family shelter and non-food items 5,298,426
Total* 58,051,994

* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.

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