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ESARO SOMALIA: EMERGENCY SUMMARY

© UNICEF/HQ06-0152/Kamber

A camp for the displaced in Wajid in southern Somalia. Following drought, floods and escalating conflict, 1.5 million Somalis are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance.

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN

With the escalating conflict, over 1.5 million people are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance as Somalia enters 2008, up from 1 million at the beginning of 2007. Women and children in Central and Southern Somalia are the worst affected, with thousands of families displaced, livelihoods disrupted, and an estimated 83,000 children suffering from severe malnutrition. Countrywide, only an estimated 20 to 25 per cent of the population has access to basic health services and only 29 per cent use a safe water source. Little wonder then that preventable or easily treated diseases remain the main killers of Somali children and women, while insecurity undermines traditional coping mechanisms and has led to an increase in child protection concerns.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2008

UNICEF is the cluster lead for nutrition, water & sanitation and education. UNICEF-supported multisectoral response in 2008 is expected to reach over 1.2 million displaced or vulnerable people, including at least 350,000 under-five children (1.4 million for vaccination), 250,000 women and 120,000 schoolchildren.

Health and nutrition: UNICEF will procure and distribute emergency medicines and basic equipment for health facilities; provide a lifesaving package of interventions for 350,000 children; vaccinate 1.4 million children against polio and 250,000 women against tetanus; and support 137 selective feeding centres to ensure access to treatment for up to 90,000 malnourished children.

Water, sanitation and hygiene: UNICEF will provide 1.2 million displaced or vulnerable persons with access to safe water and sanitation by rehabilitating/constructing wells and sanitary facilities; train 40 local water committees and local authorities to manage and repair facilities; and promote safe hygiene practices distributing soap and home-based water treatment through health, nutrition and education interventions.

Education: UNICEF will provide basic school materials to a total of 120,000 displaced and conflict-affected children and 2,400 teachers; train teachers, with particular emphasis on HIV prevention, mine-risk education and psychosocial care and support; rehabilitate/construct 20 schools and set up 400 tented schools; provide life skills education to 7,000 vulnerable children and youth.

Child protection: UNICEF will support community mobilization on gender-based violence, family separation, child recruitment, HIV prevention and mine-risk education, reaching 20,000 girls and women with information, knowledge and skills to prevent/respond to HIV, sexual violence and abuse; train and deploy psychosocial workers to establish child-friendly spaces; and monitor, report and undertake advocacy on protection violations.

Shelter and non-food items/multisectoral response: UNICEF will maintain stocks of emergency shelter and non-food items for over 40,000 people; build the capacity of 200 communities as well as zonal authorities to develop emergency preparedness and response plans, focusing on the protection of women and children.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2008
Sector US$
Health and nutrition 21,763,100
Water, sanitation and hygiene 9,975,000
Education 9,842,000
Child protection 1,821,400
Shelter and non-food items/multisectoral response 2,452,500
Coordination and support services 1,105,000
Total* 46,959,000

* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.

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