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ASIA AND THE PACIFIC PAKISTAN: EMERGENCY SUMMARY

© UNICEF/HQ06-1242/Jahangir

Temporary tent-homes for victims of the 2006 earthquake were photographed by 14-year-old Saad, in Pakistan-administered Kashmir. Saad participated in a UNICEF photography workshop for quake-affected children.

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN

The earthquake that hit Pakistan on 8 October 2005 caused enormous damage both to people and infrastructure. Two years thereafter, and the emphasis is on rebuilding in the affected areas aiming to make the quake a source of renewal and improvement – and not only a terrible disaster. As we enter 2008 the vast majority of children in the affected areas are not yet served by permanent health structures, though, and some 90 per cent of all schools are housed in tents or temporary shelters. The water systems are only partially restored or rebuilt, and limited access to water puts undue strain on women’s workloads. Protective systems and networks that are meant to serve particularly vulnerable children are still not in place. 

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2008

UNICEF remains committed to participate in the post-earthquake rebuilding effort. UNICEF and the Pakistani authorities have agreed on a joint strategy for UNICEF to support the recovery and rehabilitation of basic social services for the earthquake-affected populations, and this programme will run through 2008 and support a wide range of interventions:

Health and nutrition: UNICEF will construct and equip 55 health centres and simultaneously ensure that the vaccination programmes continue. UNICEF will identify, train and employ 4,000 female health workers to run a primary health-care programme for women and children in the affected areas. Government will later take over this effort and make it part of its national health services delivery programme.

Water, sanitation and hygiene: UNICEF, in close collaboration with partner agencies and communities, will provide water systems to some 500 communities with more than half a million people. UNICEF will also provide piped water to more than 1,000 permanent and tented schools and run extensive training programmes on hygiene-related matters.  

Education: UNICEF will rebuild 500 elementary schools and re-equip and refurnish these. UNICEF will also provide temporary classrooms, both tented and constructed, to communities that do not yet have their permanent schools rebuilt. And, UNICEF will continue to support training initiatives for a wide range of groups involved in the extended education community.

Child protection: UNICEF will establish a comprehensive and integrated protective environment for 42,000 children who lost one or both parents and 23,000 children who were disabled during the earthquake. Efforts will include works both with parents and direct caregivers and with government agencies and officials to strengthen the legal and enforcement systems in place to support vulnerable children.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2008
Sector US$
Health and nutrition 34,571,000
Water, sanitation and hygiene 8,203,000
Education 26,202,000
Child protection 5,277,000
Total* 74,253,000

* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.