hr_top_title_2008

ASIA AND THE PACIFIC NEPAL: EMERGENCY SUMMARY

© UNICEF/HQ06-0195/Van Houtrye

Women in Kathmandu, Nepal, waited in the rain for vitamin A supplements during a UNICEF-supported nationwide campaign. The vitamin, which boosts immunity, is credited with saving some 12,000 Nepalese lives each year.

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN

The 10-year Maoist insurgency in Nepal has affected the lives of millions of women and children in remote and poorly resourced districts, especially in already vulnerable households. The effects of the conflict have been compounded by natural disasters, particularly flooding, in many parts of the country. It is estimated that over 3 million people will be assisted in these areas with the funds raised by the Humanitarian Action Report.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2008

Health and nutrition: UNICEF will introduce neonatal health interventions into community-based health activities; promote breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices; map hard-to-reach areas and support the establishment of additionally needed vaccination centres; support the scale-up of community-based therapeutic care for children suffering severe acute malnutrition; procure ready-to-use therapeutic food for the rehabilitation of severely malnourished children; introduce emergency nutrition surveillance to monitor increased risk of malnutrition in emergencies; procure post-exposure prophylaxis kits for women and girls to reduce the risk of HIV transmission; procure paediatric antiretroviral drugs to ensure continued supply during emergencies.

Water, sanitation and hygiene: UNICEF will train female community health volunteers, Nepal Red Cross volunteers and health workers to promote handwashing with soap and promote/demonstrate options for household treatment of drinking water; distribute samples of soap and sodium hypochlorite (disinfection) solution; promote a campaign on household treatment of drinking water and handwashing with soap; rehabilitate water supply schemes damaged by floods and landslides; preposition relief items for shelter, hygiene, sanitation and drinking water purification.

Education: UNICEF will implement the schools as ‘zones of peace’ programme in seven districts with continued unrest; develop, pre-test and print peace education modules, including psychosocial training modules; preposition stocks of basic emergency educational supplies and equipment for 6,000 children; strengthen UNICEF’s cluster leadership for emergency education response.

Child protection: UNICEF will enhance the capacity of the Nepal Task Force on the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism on children affected by armed conflict to report on grave violations, as specified in Security Council Resolution 1612, and identify other critical rights’ violations that can be monitored; implement the national strategy for the reintegration of children associated with armed forces and armed groups (CAAFAG) and other children affected by conflict; design a strategy to mainstream and address issues related to children affected by armed conflict within a national child protection framework; strengthen the capacity of community-based organizations, including paralegal committees, to support the reintegration of children affected by armed conflict, including CAAFAG, into communities.

Mine-risk education: UNICEF will support the National Mine Action Authority (NMAA) in designing a national strategy, and provide effective coordination of activities in collaboration with the UN Mission in Nepal (UNMIN) and the UN Country Team (UNCT); develop new communication approaches, training methods and tools for risk education, in conjunction with the national technical committee and the joint working group; assist NMAA, UN agencies and NGOs in the development and consolidation of national systems to assess explosive device risks and needs; undertake advocacy for compliance with legal instruments in relation to the protection of civilians from explosive devices that have indiscriminate effects; support the development and implementation of a national strategy for victim assistance; enhance the capacity of the Government, UN agencies, NGOs, and the Red Cross to meet emergency risk reduction needs in an appropriate, effective, and timely fashion.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2008
Sector US$
Health and nutrition 1,620,000
Water, sanitation and hygiene 450,000
Education 400,000
Child protection 3,500,000
Mine-risk education 100,000
Total* 6,070,000

* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.