hr_top_title_2008

MENA LEBANON: EMERGENCY SUMMARY

© UNICEF/HQ06-1173/Debbas

A father and child stand amidst rubble left from bombing in Bint Jbeil Village in southern Lebanon. Political instability continues to impede recovery from the 2006 conflict between Israel and Hezbollah, a Lebanese political faction.

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN

The main challenge facing the 2008 UNICEF programme will be to continue addressing the impact of the July 2006 war combined with decreasing socio-economic indicators due to political instability in the aftermath of the conflict that negatively affect underserved areas within the country. The programme will strengthen and increase the scope of multidisciplinary programmatic interventions in six Governorates with emphasis on improving the conditions of at least 600,000 children in targeted districts and supporting a nationwide measles campaign seeking to vaccinate more than 1 million children.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2008

In partnership with the Government and NGOs, UNICEF will continue to respond to the needs of women and children in the aftermath of the July 2006 war in the priority areas of health, water, hygiene and sanitation, education and child protection, including mine-risk education. Given the country’s ongoing political instability and the potential risk of a deterioration of the situation, UNICEF will work with all stakeholders to ensure emergency preparedness and response through standby agreements and limited prepositioning of supplies.

Health and nutrition: UNICEF will secure regional and local coverage of the appropriate cold-chain equipment and train health personnel for 300 health centres. The new government expanded programme on immunization (EPI) policy will be implemented to ensure improved EPI coverage throughout the country. In partnership with the Ministry of Public Health, a massive measles campaign will be organized to vaccinate more than 1 million children in 2008.
 
Water, sanitation and hygiene: UNICEF will provide some 600,000 beneficiaries with access to safe water through the construction/rehabilitation of water tanks/water supply networks, while improving sanitation facilities in schools and health centres for 100,000 beneficiaries. In partnership with NGOs, UNICEF will distribute essential hygiene kits and spread hygiene messages on behaviour change, with emphasis on public schools, for 200,000 beneficiaries.

Education: UNICEF will promote the ‘child-friendly school’ initiative and add 55 new schools to the existing network reaching some 30,000 primary and intermediate schoolchildren. In partnership with the Ministry of Education, UNICEF will produce and disseminate new subject teaching materials for children with special needs and design/implement an early childhood development policy.

Child protection: UNICEF will develop five regional child protection networks to identify needs and address issues related to disability, marginalization, psychosocial support, residential care, juvenile justice, etc., thereby reaching some 250,000 children and youth. UNICEF will also establish a national network of youth centres and groups to encourage the active participation of young people in the recovery of their communities through community mobilization, conflict resolution and tolerance networks.

Mine action: UNICEF will elaborate and distribute mine-risk education (MRE) materials in 150 affected villages and work with the national steering committee on the introduction of MRE into the teaching curriculum; train 250 stakeholders on MRE; provide vocational training and economic empowerment to 100 mine/unexploded ordnance survivors.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2008
Sector US$
Health and nutrition 2,000,000
Water, sanitation and hygiene 2,500,000
Education 700,000
Child protection 600,000
Mine action 150,000
Total* 5,950,000

* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.