TACRO HAITI: EMERGENCY SUMMARY
A malnourished child in a hospital that lacks basic equipment or sanitation, in Port-au-Prince, Haiti’s capital. The country is the poorest in the Americas and 1of 12 of its under-five children die from mostly preventable causes.
CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN
Haiti is the poorest country in the western hemisphere, with more than 50 per cent of its population surviving on less than $1 a day and almost 45 per cent under 18 years of age. One child out of twelve dies before the age of five, primarily due to preventable diseases, water-related illnesses, and malnutrition. In 2007, recurrent natural disasters caused hundreds of deaths and thousands to be displaced, and damaged agriculture, houses, health facilities and schools all over the country.
PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2008
Health and nutrition: UNICEF will address the basic health needs of 20,000 affected people through the prepositioning and distribution of emergency kits; provide nutritional support to 10,000 pregnant and lactating women and nutritional support to 11,500 children suffering moderate and severe malnutrition. Furthermore, UNICEF will distribute 50,000 insecticide-treated mosquito nets to people living in flood-stricken areas; and vaccinate, if necessary, 50,000 under-five children in affected areas.
Water, sanitation and hygiene: UNICEF will oversee the drilling of 60 new boreholes and rehabilitate 100 existing boreholes to provide safe drinking water to some 100,000 people; rehabilitate/construct five water systems, construct 1,000 household latrines and 10 institutional latrines; promote hygiene and environmental education in 200 communities; train 200 local water committees to ensure adequate operation and maintenance of water and sanitation facilities. Up to 200,000 people, focusing particularly on children and women, will be reached through the above activities.
Education: Up to 40,000 vulnerable children attending public schools and 700 teachers will benefit from the following key activities: supply basic scholastic materials, including school bags, notebooks and pencils, for 40,000 primary schoolchildren; train 700 primary schoolteachers, with particular attention to HIV/AIDS and peace education; rehabilitate schools and build latrines in all public schools in identified localities. In the case of emergencies, set up 50 temporary school structures and provide supplies to 15,000 students.
Child protection: UNICEF will promote the extension of protection, care, and support for children affected by violence to zones of the metropolitan area that have become accessible. Furthermore, UNICEF will improve the national response to, and support for, women and children who are victims of sexual violence, through an inter-agency project implemented in collaboration with the UN Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) and the UN Population Fund (UNFPA). Children and families identified as at risk to natural disasters will be the priority for protection activities, such as psychosocial support, establishment of child-friendly spaces, in-school/out-of-school activities, and improvement of water, hygiene and sanitation facilities, to be implemented jointly with other UNICEF programmes. Education on HIV/AIDS prevention will continue among vulnerable children and youth, such as street children and orphans. These children will also benefit from the reinforcement of the referral system in order to guarantee their access to medical and psychosocial care and counselling, especially for those infected or affected by HIV/AIDS.
Emergency preparedness: The main areas of intervention for 2008 will involve training of governmental and non-governmental partners in emergency preparedness and response, with particular attention to adequate response to floods and displaced populations (the most common emergencies in Haiti). UNICEF will also be purchasing and prepositioning emergency stock, including the peripheral warehouses that are managed by our partners; train partners in warehouse management, distribution evaluation, and reporting; and enhance Government’s capacity.
|Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2008|
|Health and nutrition||2,000,000|
|Water, sanitation and hygiene||1,500,000|
*The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.
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