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WCARO GUINEA: EMERGENCY SUMMARY

© UNICEF Guinea/Pirozzi

A child is immunized at a health centre in Guinea. One of the least developed countries in the world, Guinea faces a growing political crisis as living conditions deteriorate further.

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN

With a population of 9.8 million people, the Republic of Guinea ranks 160th out of 177 countries in the 2006 Human Development Index and is classified as a least developed country (LDC). Basic services and the infrastructure, including roads, are in deplorable conditions in most parts of the country, particularly in the almost isolated Forest Guinea region in the south-east. At the beginning of 2007, Trade Union-led mass protests against deteriorating living conditions and the ensuing confrontations between security forces and civilian protestors highlighted the extreme fragility of the situation in Guinea. The crisis contributed to worsen the already weak health facilities, affected most of the water and sanitation systems, paralysed schools and, caused a spread of human rights violations, affecting mainly children and women. Guinea remains extremely fragile due to the fundamental unresolved issues politically and with the military. The clamour for change and immediate results by the population is even more worrisome.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2008

Health and nutrition: Some 932,000 persons in Forest Guinea, as well as 10,000 children throughout the country, will benefit from the following key activities: improved rapid response to potential epidemics; provision of essential drugs, basic medical kits and vaccines for district health facilities; disinfection and protection of water sources; rehabilitation care for severely malnourished children and support to the implementation of national policies and guidelines for the management of acute malnutrition; strengthened information and early warning mechanisms; improved programme monitoring and evaluation systems; protection, promotion and support of early initiation of exclusive breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding in the first six months of life, and age-appropriate complementary foods and feeding practices from 6 to 24 months; vitamin A supplementation, deworming, measles vaccination, and insecticide-treated nets for all under-five children; the prevention and control of diarrhoeal diseases through the intense promotion of handwashing with soap and oral rehydration therapy with zinc supplements; and maternal anaemia control.

Water, sanitation and hygiene: An estimated 975,000 displaced persons will be reached through the following key activities: construction/rehabilitation of wells and adequate sanitary facilities in 50 schools; construction/rehabilitation of 300 wells and boreholes and installation of handpumps to provide safe drinking water; household water treatment and household disinfection; and information education and communication (IEC) campaigns to promote safe drinking water, basic hygiene and sanitation.

Child protection: UNICEF will target some 120 children associated with armed groups as well as those at risk of recruitment to prevent all forms of physical and psychological violence; reinforce early identification and intervention and provide support services; accelerate family tracing and durable solutions process for separated and unaccompanied children. UNICEF will also provide legal clinic services, psychosocial support and access to basic services (shelter, food, education and health) to survivors of sexual abuse and exploitation.

HIV/AIDS: Some 10,000 children and women will be reached through the following key activities: preventive care for identified HIV+ pregnant women and their infants and for sexual violence survivors; and support to health structures to provide voluntary counselling and testing, PMTCT services and care for persons living with HIV/AIDS and for sexual violence survivors.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2008
Sector US$
Health and nutrition 2,028,514
Water, sanitation and hygiene 1,078,514
Education 500,000
Child protection 250,000
Total* 3,857,028

* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.

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