hr_top_title_2008

WCARO CONGO: EMERGENCY SUMMARY

© AP/2005/Haviv/VII

A boy is treated for malaria at a clinic run by the NGO Medécins sans Frontières in an eastern town in Republic of Congo. A ten-year conflict (1993-2003) has devastated the country’s infrastructure.

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN AND WOMEN

The Republic of the Congo is still suffering the consequences of 10 years of armed conflict (1993-2003) that have devastated its infrastructure, ruined its economy and brought about massive suffering and population displacement. Compared to 1990, important basic indicators related to children and women have deteriorated. Under-five mortality rate is 117 per 1,000 live births and the infant mortality rate 75 per 1,000 live births. The moderate and severe malnutrition rate stands at 14 per cent. Full immunization coverage remains low, at 52.1 per cent. Access to water of acceptable quality is 58 per cent. Net primary school enrolment ratio is estimated at 54 per cent. Especially worrying is the situation of the people living in Pool department, where the security situation has not yet improved, and of the indigenous population (Pygmies) living in the forested areas of the North-West, almost completely deprived of any human rights and access to basic social services.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2008

UNICEF-funded activities will be located mainly in the war-affected Pool department.

Health and nutrition: Some 40,000 under-five children, 8,000 pregnant women and 7,800 women in post-partum will benefit from the following UNICEF interventions: essential drugs; emergency immunization in hard-to-reach areas in Pool department in complement to routine immunization, and emergency polio campaigns in departments bordering Angola and DRC; deworming of children and pregnant women; vitamin A supplementation for children aged 6-59 months and for post-partum women; prevention and treatment of malaria cases; identification and treatment of malnourished children.

Water, sanitation and hygiene: Some 75,000 vulnerable persons will benefit from the construction or rehabilitation of 50 wells, 10 water tanks and 50 ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrines with handwashing points; hygiene promotion; and training of 50 local artisans in pump maintenance and well chlorination.

Education: In the three districts of Goma Tsé Tsé, Loumo and Mindouli, UNICEF will rehabilitate 10 schools, including water and sanitation facilities; provide school materials for approximately 10,000 primary schoolchildren; train 150 teachers.

Child protection: UNICEF will provide integrated interventions for the care, treatment and psychosocial rehabilitation at selected health facilities of 500 children and women victims of sexual violence and 50 children born out of rape; train 20 social/health workers in appropriate and quality medical and psychosocial care of sexual violence survivors; promote the rights of 7,000 very vulnerable children from ethnic minorities to quality basic social services (water, sanitation, vaccination, basic health services, primary education and birth registration).

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2008
Sector US$
Health and nutrition 1,650,000
Water, sanitation and hygiene 1,000,000
Education 350,000
Child protection 500,000
Total* 3,500,000

* The total includes the UNICEF recovery rate. The actual recovery rate on individual contributions is calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decisions and was amended on 9 June 2006.