hr_top_title_2008

WCARO CHAD: EMERGENCY SUMMARY

© UNICEF/HQ07-0261/Pirozzi

Gouroukoun is a settlement for some of the 100,000 people displaced by war in eastern Chad. They are joined by 230,000 refugees from Sudan’s Darfur Region and 46,000 refugees from neighbouring Central African Republic.

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN

The nutritional situation in Chad remains extremely precarious, with levels of global acute malnutrition reaching 20 per cent among IDPs and 18 per cent in host communities, in addition to the challenges in the areas of education, water supply and HIV/AIDS. The already precarious humanitarian situation in Eastern Chad has significantly worsened in 2007. Increasing attacks by rebels and Janjawids and counter-attacks by the Chadian Army have led to large-scale displacements. The influx of IDPs has exerted enormous pressure on existing services and aggravates vulnerabilities.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2008

Nutrition: Some 200,000 displaced persons, 78,890 Sudanese refugees, host populations, and pregnant and lactating women will benefit from treatment and prevention of acute malnutrition including: support for community-based treatment and development of monitoring tools; supply of therapeutic food, micronutrients, essential medicines and anthropometric equipment; training of partners on prevention/treatment of acute malnutrition; implementation of a nutritional surveillance system; organization of two rounds of vitamin A supplementation and deworming for under-five children, rehydration and zinc supplementation for children suffering from diarrhoea; and promotion of exclusive breastfeeding up to 6 months and appropriate feeding practices for children aged 6-24 months.

Health: Some 48,000 children aged 0-11 months, 239,000 under-five children, 5.4 million adults, including pregnant and lactating women, will benefit from the following key activities: provide health services with vaccines, vaccination and cold-chain consumables, input for community-based integrated management of childhood illnesses (IMCI) and protection against malaria, respiratory infections, and waterborne diseases; support services/partners for the organization of immunization activities; monitor vaccination coverage and IMCI activities; train health workers in EPI management; support social mobilization campaigns to raise awareness on health programmes; and support malaria control.

HIV/AIDS: Some 154,000 youths aged 10-24 years and 200,000 adult women from displaced populations and host communities, and some 10,000 Central African refugees aged 10-24 years, pregnant and lactating women, and people living with HIV/AIDS will benefit from the following key activities: provide life skills education in sex education/prevention of STI/HIV/AIDS among adolescents; develop strategies/produce didactic material for behavioural change with regards to HIV/AIDS; train 200 peer educators, psychosocial counsellors in prescription of antiretrovirals, health personnel in prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) and paediatric AIDS, as well as community members on home-based care; set up child-friendly centres in Abéché and Biltine; support mass advocacy/social mobilization campaigns; set up PMTCT services in eight hospitals; voluntary counselling and testing centres in eight districts and open a youth centre in Goz-Beida; and a referral system for HIV-infected people.

Education: Some 30,000 primary school-aged children from displaced and host communities, plus some 76,500 school-aged and 42,000 preschool-aged Sudanese children and 32,000 primary school-aged Central African children will benefit from the following activities: promote awareness on the importance of supporting girls’ education and teachers/primary schools through parents’ associations; construct/rehabilitate classrooms (semi-permanent structures); ensure water supply and sanitation; recruit and build community teachers’ capacity in appropriate teaching methodologies; train school leaders/teachers on HIV/AIDS and gender equity; supply textbooks, teaching materials and recreational kits; provide life skills training; develop/strengthen the capacity of education partners; monitor and evaluate educational activities and standards.

Child protection: Some 150,000 children from displaced and host communities, around 165,000 Sudanese refugee children, 15,000 Central African children and 8,000 women, some 10,000 children associated with armed groups and 5,000 other vulnerable children will benefit from the following key activities: prevent and provide holistic care for victims of sexual and gender-based violence; monitor and report on the recruitment of minors by armed groups forces; support the release, reception, documentation and reintegration of children associated with armed forces; support management of child-friendly spaces in refugee camps and neighbouring host communities; provide children with recreational kits; train on children’s rights, prevent and respond to abuse; provide life skills training and supply relevant materials.

Water, sanitation and hygiene: Some 120,000 displaced persons and people from host communities, and 55,000 Central African refugee children will benefit from the following activities: ensure management and maintenance of water supply systems; drill 150 bore wells and 20 boreholes equipped with handpumps; construct latrines, handwashing facilities and washing areas; promote hygiene and train on the proper use and maintenance of latrines and water points; supply water, sanitation and hygiene kits to 31,000 households; monitor and control water quality at community, family and school level; and ensure community-based monitoring and prevention of vector-borne diseases.

Mine-risk education: Some 10,000 children in Chad will benefit from the elaboration of new tools for mine-risk education (MRE) in schools, such as teacher’s guide and pupil’s book; the production of picture boxes for the network of UNICEF-supported primary schools. MRE sessions for teachers’ ongoing training will be organized.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2008
Sector US$
Nutrition 5,787,202
Health 6,976,400
HIV/AIDS 2,311,200
Education 11,062,088
Child protection 7,074,840
Water, sanitation and hygiene 11,290,640
Mine-risk education 139,100
Total* 44,641,470

* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.