ESARO ANGOLA: EMERGENCY SUMMARY
A class in Luanda, capital of Angola. UNICEF supports child-friendly programmes at the school, including through projects to improve water and sanitation.
CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN
Angola is living a transitional period where programming increasingly focuses on transition and development, despite the relatively recent end of the conflict in 2002. The war has had a profound impact on all aspects of social and economic life in Angola, with the destruction of basic infrastructure and the disruption of educational provision leading to continuing poor service delivery. Ongoing mass migration from urban to rural areas has resulted in large slums in and around urban centres, exerting considerable pressure on housing and access to basic services. Only 53 per cent of the population uses improved drinking water sources and 31 per cent adequate sanitation facilities nationally. With 260 deaths per 1,000 live births, Angola has one of the highest under-five mortality rates. To avoid further emergencies Angola must focus on improving water, nutrition and health services (especially cholera). Unless needs are addressed it is likely that illnesses will increase, mainly cholera, malaria and diarrhoea, as well as mortality rates.
PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2008
UNICEF assists the Government, UN agencies and other actors in fighting cholera and in responding to emergencies nationwide. UNICEF-supported programmes are expected to reach at least 1.5 million children and 3 million women in 2008.
Health and nutrition: UNICEF will procure and distribute essential emergency drugs and equipment for an estimated 33,650 cholera patients; distribute 15,000 long-lasting insecticidal nets to flood-affected families; and provide health supplies and bioprotective materials for the 600,000 users of health services in areas affected by haemorrhagic fever.
Water, sanitation and hygiene: UNICEF will produce mass media materials to reach 7.4 million people with messages on the importance of cholera and/or haemorrhagic fever prevention and early treatment. UNICEF will provide home-level water treatment, storage and hygiene kits for the 464,000 most vulnerable families; supply collapsible water tanks to 10,000 people in their communities; and provide safe water and sanitation to 20,000 people by improving the water and sanitation systems of their local health centres.
Education: A total of 3,000 displaced children and 80 teachers will benefit from basic school materials, recreational kits and the construction of 20 child-friendly temporary school/classroom structures.
Child protection: In the event of flooding, UNICEF will reunite 5,000 separated children with their families; ensure free birth registration for 10,000 children without documentation; procure essential non-food items, such as clothes and bottles, for 4,000 most vulnerable babies. In the event of an outbreak of haemorrhagic fever, UNICEF will provide non-food items for 2,000 babies, back-to-school materials to 1,500 children and psychosocial support to 1,000 children.
|Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2008|
|Health and nutrition||2,041,982|
|Water, sanitation and hygiene||2,723,262|
* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.
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