Humanitarian Action Report 2007 - Homepage

WCARO LIBERIA

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN

Despite opportunities for positive change, a commitment to the Millennium Development Goals and an improving yet fragile security climate, the capacity of the Government of Liberia after 14 years of war remains extremely limited. Malaria, endemic cholera, and HIV/AIDS threaten the population. Liberia continues to be among the world’s most food-insecure countries, with 35 per cent of its population being undernourished and 39 per cent of children stunted, one of the world’s highest rates. While the gender gap in education has dropped since 1989, there are still approximately three boys to two girls in primary and secondary schools and more than three boys to one girl at tertiary levels. Gender-based violence is a serious problem, with an estimated 75 per cent of women and girls having experienced some form of sexual violence during and after the war.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2007

Health and nutrition: UNICEF will procure and distribute essential emergency drugs and equipment to 27 health centres; train 200 health workers on the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness initiative; launch a measles vaccination campaign targeting 500,000 children; vaccinate 140,000 children under one with DPT3 and maintain DPT3 coverage above 87 per cent; undertake a maternal and neonatal tetanus vaccination campaign targeting 800,000 women of childbearing age; distribute 150,000 impregnated mosquito nets to children under five and pregnant women; support timely supplementary feeding for children suffering from moderate acute malnutrition; continue the integrated management and care of children suffering from severe acute malnutrition through facility- and community-based approaches; procure and administer vitamin A and de-worming tablets to under-five children, directly benefiting 600,000 children; support four newly established centres for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV.

Water and environmental sanitation: UNICEF will construct/rehabilitate wells and adequate sanitary facilities in 300 schools; construct/rehabilitate 250 wells and boreholes and install handpumps for safe drinking water for 85,000 individuals in permanent and return areas; construct/rehabilitate 1,500 household latrines and 50 wells; train 100 local water authority management teams and 15 central teams in county/city water and sanitation assessments, strategic options, rehabilitation planning, leak detection, water testing, and repair and maintenance of mini-water supply systems; promote hygiene education and hygiene-awareness programmes in 1,000 schools and 1,000 local communities.

Education: UNICEF will procure and distribute recreation kits and school supplies for 1,010,829 children and 28,266 teachers; train 500 primary schoolteachers, with special emphasis on life skills; support county and district education officers in seven counties with high levels of destruction in need of urgent humanitarian action.

Child protection: UNICEF will complete the reintegration of 10,000 demobilized children formerly associated with fighting forces through the community education investment programme and the skills training programme; train 500 teachers on sexual exploitation and abuse; train and sensitize 5,000 students in 50 schools on sexual exploitation and abuse; support transit centres for juveniles as an alternative to detention with adults; provide legal protection training to 50 judges, 50 magistrates, 50 social workers, and 30 law school students on juvenile justice and reform; revitalize the juvenile court; train 150 Liberian National Police (LNP) officers serving in the LNP’s Women and Children’s Protection Unit.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2007

Sector

US$

Health and nutrition

7,000,000

Water and environmental sanitation

4,800,000

Education

5,000,000

Child protection

4,000,000

Total*

20,800,000

* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.