Humanitarian Action Report 2007 - Homepage

WCARO COTE D'IVOIRE

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN

Ongoing politico-military crisis, weak public administration and lack of basic social services, especially in the North, continue to impact the vulnerability of Côte d’Ivoire’s children. Access to, and quality of, health care is very low: 50 per cent of infants and 67 per cent of pregnant women are not immunized against vaccine-preventable diseases; malaria remains the principal cause of mortality in under-five children; and 7.3 per cent of children suffer from acute malnutrition. The national HIV prevalence rate is 4.7 per cent and, countrywide, some 450,000 children have been orphaned by HIV/AIDS. Weakened traditional protection structures and increased poverty have left children more at risk to sexual exploitation and violence. In the cities that have received the most significant number of internally displaced persons, 68 per cent of hydraulic infrastructures and sanitary installations have broken down. In the North, West and Central regions 50 per cent of rural populations have no access to drinking water and 40 per cent of rural pumps are out of order. The education sector is being impaired by excess demands for enrolment, shortage of teachers and the deterioration of school infrastructures.  

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2007

Health and nutrition: Benefiting 500,000 pregnant women, 800,000 women of childbearing age and 1,740,000 under-five children, UNICEF will supply essential drugs and equipment for malnutrition treatment, obstetric care, routine vaccination, tetanus vaccination of pregnant women and malaria case management; train health workers; undertake decentralized planning of preventive and curative care activities in health centres; support outreach activities and promote social mobilization and communication for behaviour change. Benefiting 20,000 young people and children formerly associated with armed groups, UNICEF will train peer educators in life skills and HIV/AIDS; train health staff for STD syndrome management and HIV counselling; produce leaflets, booklets and posters on STDs and HIV/AIDS; provide HIV test kits and STD kits.

Water and environmental sanitation: Benefiting 2,5 million persons, UNICEF will repair 1,000 water and sanitation facilities, protect/disinfect 2,000 traditional wells; provide hygiene and sanitary kits; establish hygiene and epidemic surveillance committees; train community health workers in hygiene promotion; rehabilitate 600 hydraulic village pumps; train local craftsmen in pump repair; repair 10 water treatment plants and 18 water quality analysis laboratories; provide analysis kits and chemicals to 18 water quality analysis laboratories, and undertake community mobilization.

Education: UNICEF will rehabilitate 558 classrooms and provide school furniture; create peace messenger, health and HIV/AIDS clubs, and support the capacity-building of school management committees in 93 schools. In addition, UNICEF will promote life skills education and provide training for 558 teachers and materials for 558 teachers and 27,900 students, as well as construct latrines and water points in 80 schools.

Child protection: Benefiting some 37,500 children, UNICEF will provide training for health and social workers, legal advisors, policemen, peer educators, soldiers and journalists on protection from sexual violence and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs); sensitize communities, children, youngsters, teachers, school counsellors and decision makers on sexual abuse and child rights; provide holistic care for reintegration of children victims of sexual abuse; provide HIV test kits, post exposure prophylaxis kits and STD drugs; support recreational and non-formal educational activities; demobilize children associated with armed groups; provide medical and psychosocial care; advocate at all military levels for the promotion and dissemination to all forces and armed groups of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and of relevant Security Council resolutions.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2007

Sector

US$

Health and nutrition

10,575,345

Water and environmental sanitation

3,079,460

Education

3,639,070

Child protection

1,772,990

Total*

19,066,865

* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.