Humanitarian Action Report 2007 - Homepage

WCARO CHAD

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN

More than 215,000 Sudanese refugees from Darfur now live in 12 camps in Eastern Chad as a result of the crisis that began in 2004. In 2007, objectives will include maintaining the international standards of assistance already reached and enhancing protection to prevent child soldiering and domestic and sexual violence. Interventions must also address the needs of the 65,000 internally displaced Chadians in the East and of the local population affected by these displacements, in terms of lack of water and sanitation facilities, health services and education. In the Southern Chad, 45,000 refugees from the Central African Republic are living in four refugee camps. The health and nutritional status of refugee children is low, with high incidence of acute respiratory infections, malaria outbreaks and diarrhoeal diseases. Populations lack access to drinking water and basic sanitation; women who have suffered from sexual and gender-based violence are not protected; and classrooms as well as teaching and learning materials are scarce.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2007

Eastern Chad – Sudanese refugees from Darfur and host communities
Health and nutrition:
UNICEF will train health personnel and community workers on nutrition issues; purchase and distribute vaccines and immunization materials, essential drugs, micronutrients and vitamin A, blankets, impregnated mosquito nets, therapeutic foods, anthropometric materials and tools for nutritional surveys; organize catch-up immunization campaigns and outreach activities; undertake mass sensitization campaigns on community-based measures to fight malnutrition; support therapeutic feeding centres and conduct nutritional surveys.

Education: UNICEF will undertake a social communication campaign to increase school attendance; improve/upgrade classrooms; provide teaching/learning materials; provide water points, latrines, learning materials, furniture and teacher training in 40 schools; promote use of the Sudanese Curriculum in refugee camps; train and monitor teachers; monitor education quality and evaluate standards and progress.

Water and environmental sanitation: Benefiting 215,000 refugees and 30,000 members of host communities, UNICEF will support the operation/maintenance of existing water supply infrastructures; rehabilitate/construct water infrastructures, latrines and handwashing facilities; promote hygiene and train on the use and maintenance of latrines and water points; procure and distribute basic family water kits and hygiene kits; set up a surveillance system and promote vector control interventions.

Protection: Benefiting 170,000 children and women, UNICEF will consolidate child-friendly spaces; provide training on child rights and reproductive health; distribute recreational and basic materials for children; undertake birth registration campaign; support parental education, vocational training and income-generating projects; train security personnel, NGO staff and community leaders on children’s rights; prevent/respond to child soldiering; provide life skills training to adolescents; support prevention and sensitization campaign on sexual and gender-based violence as well as referral systems to provide gender-sensitive psychosocial and medical care to victims.

Eastern Chad - Internally displaced persons and host communities
Health and nutrition:
UNICEF will purchase and distribute 25,000 impregnated mosquito nets and 25,000 blankets for vulnerable under-five children and pregnant women; provide cold-chain and communication equipment for eight health centres; provide anthropometric equipment, food supplements, therapeutic foods, ReSoMal and oral rehydration salts to therapeutic feeding centres; purchase and distribute 10 emergency health kits and midwifery equipment; purchase and distribute essential drugs, including de-worming tablets and antimalarial drugs; reinforce expanded programme on immunization; train and supervise health staff; set up nutritional surveillance system and conduct nutritional surveys; support information, education and communication campaigns for the promotion of healthy behaviours.

Education: UNICEF will organize campaigns to sensitize refugee and host communities on the benefits of community support of teachers and primary schools through parent/teacher associations; improve/upgrade 120 classrooms; train 120 teachers on gender-sensitive techniques and methodologies; procure and distribute pedagogical material, books and school supplies, including UNICEF school kits; monitor and evaluate the quality of education at IDP sites.

Water and environmental sanitation: Benefiting 85,000 people, UNICEF will support the operation/maintenance of existing water supply infrastructures; rehabilitate/construct water infrastructures, latrines and handwashing facilities; promote hygiene and train on the use and maintenance of latrines and water points; procure and distribute basic family water kits and hygiene kits; set up a surveillance system and promote vector control interventions.

Protection: UNICEF will consolidate child-friendly spaces; supply recreational and basic materials for children; train security personnel, NGO staff, child-friendly spaces animators and community leaders on children’s rights; prevent/respond to child soldiering; provide life skills training and relevant materials/equipments to adolescents; sensitize and train on sexual and gender-based violence and run gender-sensitive programmes to support victims; promote parental education.

Southern Chad – Central African refugees and host communities
Health and nutrition:
UNICEF will purchase and distribute 15,000 impregnated mosquito nets to children and pregnant women and create a buffer stock of 1,000 nets for new arrivals; support supplementary and therapeutic feeding centres in refugee camps, in the district hospital and in health centres; purchase and distribute five new emergency health kits, 25 midwifery kits, drugs for health centres, equipment for two hospitals and three health centres; support routine immunization activities; conduct maternal and neonatal tetanus immunization campaign; train health staff on health themes and management of acute malnutrition; support information, education and communication campaigns on healthy behaviours.

Education: Benefiting 15,000 children, UNICEF will organize campaigns to sensitize refugee and host communities on the benefits of community support of teachers and primary schools through parent/teacher associations; construct classrooms and water and sanitation facilities; provide school furniture, teaching and learning materials; train and build capacity of school principals, teachers and parent/teacher associations; provide nutritional supplements; treat intestinal worms; support planning, coordination and project management.

Water and environmental sanitation: Benefiting 45,000 refugees and 99,000 members of host communities, promote hygiene and train on the use and maintenance of latrines and water points; procure and distribute basic family water kits and hygiene kits; set up a surveillance system and promote vector control interventions.

Protection: Benefiting 45,000 children and women, UNICEF will consolidate child-friendly spaces; provide training on child rights and on reproductive health; distribute recreational and basic materials for children; undertake birth registration campaign; support parental education, vocational training and income-generating projects; train security personnel, NGO staff and community leaders on children’s rights; provide life skills training to adolescents; support prevention and sensitization campaign on sexual and gender-based violence as well as referral systems to provide gender-sensitive psychosocial and medical care to victims.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2007

Sector

US$

Eastern Chad – Sudanese refugees from Darfur and host communities

Health and Nutrition

1,148,000

Education

4,872,000

Water and environmental sanitation

2,648,000

Protection

873,600

Eastern Chad – Internally displaced persons and host communities

Health and nutrition

804,700

Education

1,084,600

Water and environmental sanitation

1,934,000

Protection

414,400

Southern Chad – Central African refugees and host communities

Health and nutrition

350,268

Education

694,400

Water and environmental sanitation

1,013,675

Protection

420,000

Total*

16,257,643

* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.