Humanitarian Action Report 2007 - Homepage

TACRO HAITI

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN

Haitian children live in dire conditions due to violence linked with political instability, chronic poverty, a virtually absent child protection system as well as yearly tropical storms, mudslides and heavy rains. Child mortality rates are the worst in the Americas, with one child out of five dying from preventable diseases before the age of five. Only 50 per cent of the population have access to water and 70 per cent of water systems do not function near full capacity, making diarrhoea the leading cause of under-five deaths. UNICEF estimates that 23 per cent of under-five children suffer from moderate to severe malnutrition. HIV prevalence remains the highest in the region at 3.44 per cent, with an estimated 19,000 children living with HIV/AIDS.

More than 500,000 school-aged children are not receiving an education, security and private school fees constituting the main obstacles. More than one-quarter of children are orphans or otherwise vulnerable. Many more are deprived of basic services and victims of violence, exploitation and abuse. An estimated 300,000 children, amounting to 1 in 10, are engaged in domestic work. Three-quarters of these are girls. Port-au-Prince alone is home to 2,500 street children and it is estimated that 1,000 children are associated with armed gangs. More than half of girls and women living in those areas have been victims of rape.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2007

Health and nutrition: Benefiting up to 50,000 vulnerable children and mothers, UNICEF will procure and distribute essential emergency drugs, health kits and equipment to 10 health centres; train health workers at district levels in immunization services; vaccinate against measles and other communicable diseases; support improved infant and young child feeding practices; train health personnel and establish/support six therapeutic feeding centres for severely malnourished children; procure and distribute vitamin A and de-worming treatment to all children under 14 years.

Water, sanitation and hygiene: UNICEF will drill 30 new and rehabilitate 200 existing boreholes to provide safe drinking water to 200,000 people; rehabilitate/construct five water stations; construct 2,000 household latrines; train 500 local water management committee members and authority on management, operation and maintenance; promote health and hygiene education and awareness in 50 schools and 500 local communities; support one water, sanitation and hygiene policy development expert for one year.

Education: Up to 40,000 schoolchildren and 700 teachers will benefit from the following activities: procure basic school supplies and distribute recreation kits; provide training, with special emphasis on HIV/AIDS and non-violence; undertake light rehabilitation of water systems and latrines in two communes; in case of a major natural disaster, set up 50 school structures to ensure emergency education for 20,000 children.

Child protection: UNICEF will provide medical care and psychosocial support to street children, including HIV/AIDS prevention, testing, treatment, counselling and peer education; provide medical, psychological and legal support to victims of sexual violence; promote HIV/AIDS prevention and provide community-based psychosocial support to persons living with HIV/AIDS and their children; provide medical and psychosocial care for children infected and/or affected by HIV/AIDS; support reintegration of vulnerable children through schooling and life skills training; train all social workers and facilitators for vulnerable children; set up youth associations; organize peace-building activities for children; support prevention, identification, documentation, tracing, care and reunification of separated children.

Preparedness: UNICEF will train governmental and non-governmental partners; cover salary and related costs for one emergency officer, one logistic officer and one geographic information system officer for one year.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2007

Sector

US$

Health and nutrition

1,800,000

Water, sanitation and hygiene

1,600,000

Education

1,200,000

Child protection

1,500,000

Preparedness

390,000

Total*

6,490,000

* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.