Humanitarian Action Report 2007 - Homepage

ROSA NEPAL

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN

The armed conflict in Nepal has severely affected children through direct deaths and injuries, abductions, family separations, child labour, and lack of access to education and health services. Nepal is highly prone to earthquakes and other natural disasters, with floods and landslides yearly events. A severe drought in 2006 affected 10 districts in the North-West where, under normal circumstances, child malnutrition rates are already high and functioning health facilities almost absent. A recent study puts Nepal amongst the 10 most affected countries for victim-activated explosions and with the second highest proportion of child casualties in the world. The number of internally displaced persons is estimated between 100,000 and 250,000.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2007

Health and nutrition: UNICEF will pre-position essential drugs and medical equipment for 50,000 beneficiaries, develop micro-plans and train health staff on expanded programme on immunization in 10 districts; provide technical assistance on emergency nutrition to the Emergency Health and Nutrition Working Group co-chaired by UNICEF; conduct 10 nutrition surveys in disaster-affected areas; establish community-based therapeutic care and treat 1,000 severely malnourished children; provide therapeutic food to health facilities for the treatment of 300 severely malnourished children; rehabilitate health facilities in nine remote conflict-affected mountain districts.

Water and environmental sanitation: Benefiting 21,000 people, UNICEF will rehabilitate 50 gravity-fed water supply schemes in disrepair; train user groups and village maintenance and sanitation workers (VMSWs); train project beneficiaries and VMSWs in handwashing and point-of-use drinking water treatment; provide drinking water and sanitation facilities to 10 schools; prepare an intersectoral response plan for immediate response to local disasters; pre-position relief items for hygiene/drinking water supplies and shelter items; translate, print and distribute instruction flyers for use with relief items; orient relief agencies on proper use of emergency supplies.

Education: UNICEF will conduct rapid assessment of overcrowding in six urban schools; provide alternative education programmes for 3,000 urban out-of-school children affected by armed conflict; implement the ‘schools as zones of peace’ programme in selected districts; develop, pre-test and print peace education modules; pre-position stocks of basic emergency supplies and equipment for 6,000 children; rehabilitate primary schools in nine remote conflict-affected mountain districts.

Child protection: UNICEF will develop and implement a national strategy for the recovery and reintegration of children associated with armed forces and groups or otherwise affected by conflict; strengthen the Nepal Task Force on the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism on children affected by armed conflict violations (Security Council Resolution 1612) and expand coverage to 40 districts and seven core violations; train staff of child protection agencies in basic social work, case management and psychosocial interventions; establish and strengthen community-based paralegal committees to address violence, abuse and exploitation and promote reconciliation in 23 districts.

Mine-risk education: UNICEF will regularly convene the Mine-Risk Education Working Group; establish a comprehensive management surveillance system; develop awareness and victim assistance programmes; conduct research on mechanisms for reaching target audiences; identify populations most at risk, their location and behaviours; promote systematic risk-reduction strategies such as standardized marking/fencing.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2007

Sector

US$

Health and nutrition

1,055,000

Water and environmental sanitation

495,000

Education

1,120,000

Child protection

3,320,000

Mine-risk education

368,000

Total*

6,358,000

* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.