Humanitarian Action Report 2007 - Homepage

ROSA AFGHANISTAN

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN

Conflict, periodic natural disasters, extreme weather conditions, impeded access to services, displacements and hardship continue to threaten the well-being of Afghanistan’s population. Some 2.5 million people are facing serious drought, causing further displacement, child malnutrition, spread of disease, water shortages and exposure to exploitation due to loss of livelihood. While access to health care is improving, disparities between provinces and regions remain. Maternal mortality is among the highest in the world at 1,600 deaths per 100,000 live births and infant mortality is at 165 per 1,000 live births. One child out of four does not survive until the age of five, with preventable or easily-treated diseases such as diarrhoea, respiratory infections, measles and malaria the main killers. Some 300,000 under-five children suffer from acute malnutrition. Only 23 per cent of the population have access to potable water and only 12 per cent to sanitation facilities. Two million primary school-aged children (54 per cent) are out of school. Attacks on schools are on the rise and gains made in education in the last five years run the risk of being lost. Landmines and unexploded ordnance continue to affect all regions of the country with 100 victims each month.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2007

Health and nutrition: UNICEF will distribute essential emergency drugs and equipment through health centres; continue assessment, technical support and provision of nutritional supplies to therapeutic feeding centres established and run by partners for 2,000 severely malnourished children; administer vitamin A to 100,000 children; vaccinate 100,000 children against measles; provide rapid response to diarrhoeal and acute respiratory disease outbreaks with a planning figure of 200,000 children in high-risk areas.

Water and environmental sanitation: UNICEF will provide water purification tablets at household level for 10,000 families; support water tankering for 200,000 people in drought-affected areas in the North, North-East, South and West; chlorinate 10,000 wells in high-risk areas; construct 10,000 family latrines; repair 1,500 water points in drought-affected areas; promote hygiene education and hygiene awareness programmes amongst 10,000 families, schools and surrounding local communities; provide collapsible water tanks.

Education: UNICEF will construct 600 cost-effective schools/classrooms in remote areas for 24,000 children, including latrine construction, water point establishment, hygiene education and training of teachers on participatory approaches to promote healthy behaviour; procure teaching/learning materials for 2.2 million primary school-aged children; procure supplies for temporary learning spaces for 40,000 children; distribute supplies for children in remote areas and for temporary learning centres.

Child protection: UNICEF will create child-friendly spaces and interim care centres; establish child rights monitoring committees with women’s participation in disaster-affected areas; trace and reunite separated children; sensitize communities on child abuse, violence and exploitation through local media channels and the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs; provide mine-risk education to schoolchildren of affected communities.

Humanitarian response and coordination: In coordination with the Government/UN emergency preparedness and response mechanism, UNICEF will pre-position relevant supplies in its zonal offices and other strategic locations to cover 30,000 families with a standard package of family kits, tarpaulins, jerrycans, blankets and warm clothing for women and children.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2007

Sector

US$

Health and nutrition

1,908,636

Water and environmental sanitation

2,093,548

Education

8,013,631

Child protection

275,775

Humanitarian response and coordination

3,670,322

Total*

15,961,913

* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.