Humanitarian Action Report 2007 - Homepage

MENA OCCUPIED PALESTINIAN TERRITORY

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN

2006 witnessed the detrimental unravelling of the institutions and systems that children rely on for protection and support. Ongoing conflict, withholding of resources to the Palestinian Authority, decreased donor funding, and internal strife have combined to generate a massive growth of poverty, prevent the provision of basic social services and push the humanitarian crisis to the brink of disaster. Indicators on child well-being have deteriorated, with 10 per cent of children stunted, 50 per cent anaemic, and 75 per cent vitamin A deficient. Access to quality health care and education, water and sanitation, and activities for children and adolescents have been severely restricted with needs approaching critical levels. Escalations in external and internal fighting have generated abuses of child rights on an unprecedented scale.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2007

Health and nutrition: UNICEF will provide vaccines, immunization-related supplies and cold-chain equipment for all children aged 0-15 months and more than 240,000 schoolchildren aged 6-15 years; procure essential drugs for under-five children; upgrade/provide equipment, supplies and drugs for neonatal units in hospitals; provide tetanus toxoid to 75,000 women; provide routine vitamin A and D supplementation to children aged 0-12 months; train 600 doctors, nurses and village health workers on growth monitoring, macro- and micro-nutrient deficiency and young child feeding during emergencies; assist the Ministry of Health in establishing a drugs management information system.

Water and environmental sanitation: UNICEF will construct/rehabilitate wells in 40 primary schools in the West Bank and Gaza; construct/rehabilitate 15 wells and boreholes and install handpumps to provide safe drinking water to 1.4 million people, sanitation facilities for 10 schools and 10 clinics/hospitals; supply 25 primary schools and 15 hospitals/clinics with water tanks; distribute drinking water to 400 schools and 120 hospitals/clinics; and rehabilitate 14 water networks.

Education: UNICEF will provide 800 schools with school-in-a-box and recreation kits for 50,000 primary schoolchildren; equip 300 primary schools with teaching equipment; provide needy schoolchildren with 200,000 school bags and stationery items and 50,000 uniforms and footwear; orient 1,000 teachers on remedial worksheets and teaching and recreation kits, and on improved teaching approaches and psychosocial counselling in emergency situations.

Adolescents: To provide learning and recreational activities, UNICEF will establish 16 adolescent-friendly learning spaces for 8,000 adolescents and establish and rehabilitate 35 safe play areas in conflict-affected or deprived zones for 35,000 younger children.

Child protection: UNICEF will establish 14 psychosocial emergency teams to reach 100,000 children and 50,000 caregivers aiming to strengthen their capacity to protect themselves; support children in distress and foster healthy home environments; support seven existing socio-legal defence centres and a toll-free line providing legal, psychological and social assistance to children victims of violence; organize ‘fun days’ and festivals and conduct mine-risk education activities for 100,000 children and 40,000 adults.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2007

Sector

US$

Health and nutrition

8,631,000

Water and environmental sanitation

4,345,100

Education

6,337,300

Adolescents

3,158,640

Child protection

3,366,815

Total*

25,838,855

* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.