Humanitarian Action Report 2007 - Homepage

ESARO UGANDA

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN

Uganda’s two decades of armed conflict have perpetuated a severe humanitarian crisis, marked by varying degrees of insecurity, massive internal displacement of approximately 1.7 million people into more than 200 camps in the Acholi and Lango sub-regions, and violence affecting the lives of the most vulnerable populations. Children and women comprise 80 per cent of internally displaced persons (IDPs) and have been direct targets of attacks, sexual violence and abductions perpetuated by the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) and others. Of the nearly 25,000 children abducted since the late-1980s almost 7,500 are girls, of whom 1,000 returned from LRA captivity having conceived and borne children of their own. With their rights to health, education, safe water, shelter, protection and other essential services largely unfulfilled, a generation of children is growing up physically, psychologically and economically blighted. In north-eastern Karamoja, humanitarian indicators remain consistently lower than national averages as the region continues to experience endemic conflict. In the Teso sub-region an additional 165,000 people remain internally displaced in relation to ongoing Karamojong-induced insecurity.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2007

Health and nutrition: Benefiting some 720,000 under-five children, including 10,000 severely malnourished children and 800,000 women, UNICEF will scale up interventions in IDP camps, in areas of IDP returns and resettlement, and in the Karamoja sub-region. Activities will include: immunize children and pregnant women against polio, measles and maternal and neonatal tetanus; equip and train community-based health volunteers to treat, or refer where necessary, under-five children for malaria, pneumonia, diarrhoea and other childhood illnesses; provide therapeutic milk as well as anthropometrical and other supplies to therapeutic and supplementary feeding centres; support the distribution and regular re-treatment of insecticide-treated nets for malaria prevention; support menstrual management for 20,000 girls and women of childbearing age.

Benefiting some 800,000 children and 200,000 persons living with HIV/AIDS in IDP camps and areas of return and resettlement in Acholi, Lango, Teso and Karamoja sub-regions, UNICEF will strengthen the prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS, including the prevention of mother-to-child-transmission (PMTCT) and paediatric AIDS. Key activities include: help increase capacity of implementing partners to provide testing and counselling services according to national standards and guidelines, and expand comprehensive PMTCT services to Health Centre III (sub-county) level; provide comprehensive care including antiretroviral treatment, palliative care and paediatric management; assist procurement and distribution of drugs and supplies including paediatric formulations and diagnostic facilities; strengthen participation of children, community groups, village health teams and related networks to provide quality essential services for children orphaned by AIDS.

Water and environmental sanitation: Some 657,000 children and women in IDP camps and areas of IDP returns in Acholi, Lango and Teso sub-regions will benefit from the following key activities: repair existing facilities and construct new motorized and hand-pumped water facilities; construct sanitation facilities in schools and urban/trading centres and demonstration sanitation facilities in remote areas; provide latrine construction kits and related materials to returning communities; equip districts with water testing kits, sanitation kits and other materials to facilitate monitoring activities.

Education: Benefiting some 950,000 primary school-aged children, 77,000 children under six, 4,175 primary schoolteachers, non-formal education instructors and administrators and 5,325 early childhood development (ECD) caregivers in Acholi, Lango, Teso and Karamoja sub-regions, UNICEF will re-open schools and learning environments and prioritize the return of children to school in IDP camps and areas of return and resettlement. Key activities include: strengthen infrastructure of 60 schools repairing classrooms and playground areas and installing water and sanitation facilities; scale up accelerated learning strategies in 20 schools per district, expanding non-formal education programmes and implementing back-to-school/go to school campaigns; provide start-up facilities and equipment, as well as training in early learning and stimulation interventions for volunteer caregivers and other stakeholders to establish and sustain community-based ECD and day-care centres; train teachers and pupils in life skills for HIV/AIDS prevention and psychosocial support; establish 50 ECD and 50 day-care centres; supply school-in-a-box and recreation kits to all primary schools; expand Girls Education Movement activities and breakthrough-to-literacy teaching-learning methodology in primary schools and non-formal education sites.

Child protection: Some 450,000 children and women in Acholi, Lango, Teso and Karamoja sub-regions will benefit from the following key activities, with special focus on children in IDP camps and areas of return and resettlement: Assist interim care and transit facilities (reception centres for formerly abducted children, women and youth) to provide early return support, psychosocial and medical care, family-tracing, family preparation and reinsertion support; provide reintegration assistance, including child social and livelihood networks, gender-specific reintegration, micro-projects and non-formal education for formerly abducted children, women and youth; assist Government and NGOs to strengthen integrated protection mechanisms and case management systems to benefit children in 75 IDP camps and areas of return; strengthen multisectoral prevention and response to gender-based violence by improving access to quality health, psychosocial protection and legal services for girls and women.

Family shelter and non-food items: Up to 630,000 vulnerable persons in IDP camps and areas of return in Acholi, Lango and Teso sub-regions will benefit from the following key activities: provide 85,000 non-food items, essential/emergency family kits (containing plastic sheeting, blankets, jerrycans, cooking set for five persons, and soap); provide 30,000 non-food items, complementary population movement kits (containing farming tools, antiseptic solution, safety matches and candles and related materials).

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2007

Sector

US$

Health and nutrition (including HIV/AIDS)

15,106,795

Water and environmental sanitation

7,220,360

Education

9,179,530

Child protection

10,189,860

Family shelter and non-food items

6,314,000

Total*

48,010,545

* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.