Humanitarian Action Report 2007 - Homepage

ESARO SOMALIA

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN

Somalia’s children face some of the world’s worst survival conditions. Unresolved ethnic divisions, weak or non-existent administration and prevailing poverty severely limit access to basic health care, safe water and primary education. More than 20 per cent of children suffer from acute malnutrition, and the lack of access to health services as well as ongoing displacement due to conflict and drought make control of preventable diseases problematic. Only 29 per cent of the population have access to safe water sources and 51 per cent to improved means of excreta disposal – in these conditions cholera and diarrhoeal diseases are endemic. Infant mortality is estimated at 133 deaths per 1,000 live births. Less than 30 per cent of children attend primary school. Vulnerable groups and the displaced face increased risks of violence and exploitation. Although HIV prevalence rate remains below the 1 per cent threshold, the pandemic could rapidly spread if this threshold is breached.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2007

Health: UNICEF will provide basic primary health care services to 1.4 million drought- and conflict-affected people in Central/South Somalia and to 400,000 displaced people across the country. Key activities will include: provide essential medical supplies for health posts and maternal and child health centres; provide fixed, advanced and outreach immunization services; strengthen routine immunization; launch a polio immunization campaign to contain/reverse the current outbreak; combine social mobilization with capacity-strengthening and supervision of health care providers; support mobile health teams in displaced communities; provide mother and child health services, including micronutrient supplementation and antenatal care; disseminate health messages; support transitional institutions to develop emergency response capacity.

Nutrition: Benefiting 60,000 malnourished children, UNICEF will provide technical support and improve capacity of selected feeding implementing partners; provide emergency nutrition supplies and support warehousing facilities; support current routine and emergency nutrition response and advocate for integration of complementary programmes; identify and support community-based organizations and Somali nationals to improve nutrition response coverage; improve intra-cluster and intersectoral programme coordination.

Water and environmental sanitation: Benefiting some 300,000 people, particularly those displaced or at increased risk of displacement due to drought, UNICEF will rehabilitate/protect water sources; provide basic sanitation and hygiene services; chlorinate water points in cholera-prone areas; provide water trucking services; conduct regular monitoring to identify gaps and enhance coordination and partnerships.

Education: UNICEF will provide tented learning spaces and educational material for 10,000 displaced children; ensure rapid training for displaced teachers and community education committees; ensure girls’ access to education through affirmative action; train authorities in rapid assessment, advocacy, mobilization, Minimum Standards for Education in Emergencies, and in management functions to support rapid response in emergencies; support development of the education management information system; provide youth-to-youth education for adolescents and peace mentoring, leadership and organizational development training for 100 youth groups.

Child protection: UNICEF will assess and develop local partners’ capacity in human rights and protection issues; identify 20 new NGO partners; develop community mobilization tools on protection issues related to internally displaced children and sexual and gender-based violence; widen access to information and life skills development for HIV prevention, care and support amongst vulnerable women; support new legal institutions; engage religious and secular leaders in HIV response; train and deploy psychosocial workers and establish peer support mechanisms for protection from abuses; document/disseminate reported cases of SGBV sexual and gender-based violence to monitoring networks and authorities; develop mine-risk education materials.

Early recovery: UNICEF will enhance early warning systems to improve disaster preparedness capacities of local authorities; promote UNICEF’s Core Commitments for Children in Emergencies with key local stakeholders; support community-driven development to integrate a human rights-based programming approach to ensure awareness of entitlements in transition from relief to development; strengthen regional coordination mechanisms to provide a minimum package of HIV interventions to vulnerable populations in Central South Somalia; support participation and political inclusion of women, minorities and youth in local government.

Shelter, non-food items and operations: UNICEF will procure and pre-position key shelter items and family relief kits which include blankets, insecticide-treated nets, jerrycans and kitchen sets; provide support to maintain flexible operational capacity, including security, air operations and general logistical support.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2007

Sector

US$

Health

7,400,000

Nutrition

6,136,000

Water and environmental sanitation

2,824,800

Education

2,979,876

Child protection

2,473,350

Early recovery

1,735,750

Shelter/non-nood items and operations

952,300

Total*

24,502,076

* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.