Humanitarian Action Report 2007 - Homepage

ESARO MOZAMBIQUE

CRITICAL ISSUES FOR CHILDREN

Mozambique is still attempting to rebuild after more than a decade of civil war, while the threat of natural disasters continues to disrupt livelihoods and services, exhaust limited coping mechanisms and exacerbate populations’ vulnerabilities. Although poverty levels have decreased and food security and nutrition have improved substantially, households have not fully recovered from five years of persistent drought. Vulnerable populations face the constant threat of cholera outbreaks due to the poor availability of clean water and sanitation facilities. Diarrhoea resulting from water-borne diseases, malaria and malnutrition are major child killers, with under-five mortality at 145 per 1,000 live births. In 2006, the number of children orphaned by HIV/AIDS was estimated at 380,000 and this number is expected to rise to 630,000 by the year 2010. Education activities are often affected by natural disasters, most notably seasonal floods and drought, and education authorities lack the resources and capacity to quickly resume activities after an emergency.

PLANNED HUMANITARIAN ACTION FOR 2007

Health and nutrition: UNICEF will conduct health and nutrition assessments with national and international partners after a disaster strikes; support the reestablishment of the health network providing supplies and supporting mobile health teams; enhance post-emergency nutritional surveillance and response; provide training on cholera mitigation/response; promote communication and social mobilization on cholera prevention and mitigation; provide cholera treatment supplies; strengthen capacity of health officials for cholera planning, mitigation and monitoring; support the National Strategy for Avian Influenza Prevention and Response.

Water, sanitation and hygiene: UNICEF will maintain a minimum stock of emergency water and sanitation supplies to address the needs of 50,000 potentially displaced persons; support national counterparts and partners on storage/management of emergency supplies, monitor/evaluate emergency impact on water supply and hygiene conditions; support provision of safe water and sanitation facilities to communities, primary schools and health centres in emergency-affected locations; strengthen community capacity to maintain water points in emergency- and cholera-prone areas; support participatory hygiene promotion campaigns.

Basic education: UNICEF will implement the Education Sector Emergency Preparedness and Response Plan and support coordination and response capacity of the Ministry of Education; pre-position tents and basic education materials in regional warehouses and support the delivery of supplies to emergency-affected schools; conduct assessments on education facilities and infrastructure after a disaster strikes; integrate the monitoring of emergency-affected schools into the education management information system.

Child protection: In collaboration with partners and national counterparts, UNICEF will include emergency-specific support elements in the basic package for orphans and other vulnerable children; help revise the Manual on Psychosocial Support; introduce training modules on psychosocial care and support in emergencies; provide training on addressing gender-based violence in emergency situations.

National capacity-building for disaster preparedness and response: UNICEF will support the National Institute for Disaster Management (INGC) to develop a communication strategy to reach chronically vulnerable populations regarding preparedness and response; provide technical assistance for the implementation of the National Strategy for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Disasters; support training/simulation exercises on disaster response initiatives and work with INGC to ensure the effective assessment of emergency situations; provide logistical support to conduct emergency assessments and to ensure the  distribution of humanitarian supplies during natural disasters.

Summary of UNICEF financial needs for 2007

Sector

US$

Health and nutrition

2,140,000

Water, sanitation and hygiene

1,765,500

Basic education

802,500

Child protection

181,900

National capacity-building for disaster preparedness and response

 

321,000

Total*

5,210,900

* The total includes a maximum recovery rate of 7 per cent. The actual recovery rate on contributions will be calculated in accordance with UNICEF Executive Board Decision 2006/7 dated 9 June 2006.